THE UNITED STATES OF
THE ARIZONA INTERSCHOLASTIC
UNDER THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES
- This matter originated with a complaint filed under Title III of the
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ("ADA"), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12181-12189, and
its implementing regulation, 28 C.F.R. Part 36, with the United States
Department of Justice ("United States") against the Arizona Interscholastic
Association, Inc. ("AIA"). The complainant alleges that AIA discriminated on
the basis of disability against an individual with a disability by refusing to
permit the use of a sign language interpreter during tennis matches.
- The Attorney General is authorized to enforce Title III of the ADA. 42
U.S.C. § 12188(b). The Attorney General may commence a civil action to enforce
Title III in any situation where he has reason to believe a pattern or
practice of discrimination exists or a matter of general public importance is
raised. 42 U.S.C. § 12188(b)(1)(B).
- Title III of the ADA prohibits public accommodations from discriminating
against an individual on the basis of disability in the full and equal
enjoyment of the goods, services, privileges, advantages, or accommodations of
the public accommodation. 42 U.S.C. § 12182(a); 28 C.F.R. § 36.201(a).
- Such discrimination includes:
- a failure to provide an individual with a disability with an equal
opportunity to benefit from the goods, services, privileges, advantages, or
accommodations of the public accommodation;
- a failure to make reasonable modifications in policies, practices, or
procedures, when such modifications are necessary to avoid discrimination
unless the entity can demonstrate that making such modifications would
fundamentally alter the nature of the good, service, facility, privilege,
advantage, or accommodation being offered; and
- a failure to take such steps as may be necessary to ensure that no
individual with a disability is excluded, denied services, segregated or
otherwise treated differently than other individuals because of the absence
of auxiliary aids and services, unless the entity can demonstrate that
taking such steps would fundamentally alter the nature of the good, service,
facility, privilege, advantage, or accommodation being offered or would
result in an undue burden. 42 U.S.C. §§ 12182(b)(1)(A)(ii), (b)(2)(A)(ii)
& (iii); 28 C.F.R. §§ 36.201, 36.302 & 36.303.
- Ensuring that individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing can fully and
equally participate in interscholastic extracurricular activities is an issue
of general public importance. 42 U.S.C. § 12188(b); 28 C.F.R. § 36.503(b).
- AIA leases or operates places of recreation for purposes of
interscholastic tennis tournaments and is, therefore a place of public accommodation
subject to the nondiscrimination mandates of Title III of the ADA. 42 U.S.C. §
12181(7)(C), (I), (L); 28 C.F.R. § 36.104.
- AIA fully cooperated during the course of this investigation. Following
investigation, the United States has made the following factual
- Kiara Chapple is deaf and uses sign language for communication.
- For effective communication with Ms. Chapple during a tennis match, a
qualified sign language interpreter is required.
- Ms. Chapple played on the Desert Ridge High School's tennis team, and
prior to the tournament at issue in this investigation, sign language
interpreting services had been provided during all
school-sponsored tennis matches.
- During an AIA-sponsored tournament, the AIA Director, in response to an
opposing coach's protest, prohibited a sign language interpreter from
providing interpreting services during the game, except between the sets or
before and after the match.
- After the AIA Director's ruling, Ms. Chapple was unable to communicate
effectively with her partner and opposing players during the game.
- AIA maintains that it is, and has always been, committed to full
compliance with the ADA.
- AIA denies any and all allegations of discrimination and disputes the
findings and factual determinations of the United States. Further, the AIA
denies that it violated Title III of the ADA, or discriminated against Ms.
Chapple because of her disability.
- AIA has agreed to implement policies and procedures, set forth below, that
are designed to afford individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing a benefit
equal to that provided to others, and to ensure that appropriate auxiliary
aids and services will be provided where necessary to afford effective
communication with individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing during
AIA-sponsored tennis matches. This Settlement Agreement shall not be construed
as an admission of liability by AIA.
- In consideration of the terms of this Agreement, and in particular the
provisions in Sections III-V, the Attorney General of the United States agrees
to refrain from undertaking further action in this matter, except as provided
in Paragraph 20.
- In order to secure compliance by voluntary means and avoid the costs of
litigation, the parties agree to resolve this matter as set forth below.
III. Terms of Agreement
- At the next AIA Board of Directors meeting, AIA shall amend the Tournament
Guidelines to include the following language:
An interpreter shall be allowed to stand or sit at a side of
the playing area so as to facilitate effective communication among the
players and others.
- Within four (4) weeks of the effective date of this Agreement, AIA shall
designate one person as AIA's ADA Coordinator ("ADA Coordinator"). This
individual shall have knowledge of and receive training about Title III of the
ADA, shall attend the ADA Title III training described in Paragraph 17 below,
and shall, at least once a year, review AIA's compliance with this Agreement,
Title III of the ADA (42 U.S.C. §§ 12181-12189), the regulation enforcing
Title III of the ADA (28 C.F.R. Part 36), and the ADA Title III Technical
Assistance Manual. The ADA Coordinator's contact information shall be included
in the AIA Guidelines and posted on AIA's website.
- The ADA Coordinator shall ensure that auxiliary aids and services,
including qualified sign language interpreters, are available to players who
are deaf or hard of hearing. The ADA Coordinator shall also be responsible for
ensuring that AIA responds promptly and properly to any request for reasonable
modification or auxiliary aid.
- When AIA receives a request for a reasonable modification or an auxiliary
aid, the ADA Coordinator shall communicate directly with the requesting
player, or the requesting player's representative, to discuss the request. If,
after careful consideration of the request, AIA denies a request for
modification or auxiliary aid, the ADA Coordinator shall document the denial
and the reason for the denial. The ADA Coordinator shall make every effort to
work with the player to find an alternative that will allow the player to
participate fully and equally in AIA-sponsored games.
- Within three (3) months of the date of this Agreement, AIA shall schedule
training on Title III of the ADA for all members of the AIA Board of Directors
to be held at the next Board Meeting. The training shall address ADA
compliance regarding individuals with disabilities including, but not limited
to, reasonable modification requests and requests for auxiliary aids,
including qualified interpreters.
- Within four (4) weeks of the first Board Meeting following the effective
date of this Agreement, AIA shall notify, via email, AIA officials and
participating coaches of the above changes to AIA Guidelines and tournament
registration materials. AIA shall also post such notification on its website
within two (2) weeks of the effective date of this Agreement.
- Six (6) months following the effective date of this Agreement, and every
six months thereafter for the duration of this Agreement, AIA shall provide a
written report to the United States regarding its efforts to comply with this
Agreement. The report should describe each request by a player with a
disability, or their representative, for a reasonable modification or an
auxiliary aid, and AIA's response to such request. The report should also
include names and contact information for the individuals involved in making
the request and all AIA Officials who participated in any decision-making
related to responding to the request. Finally, the report shall contain a
written statement of any decision on requests for auxiliary aids or services
or modifications and, in the case of a denial of any modification or auxiliary
aid, an explanation of the reasons for such denial. The Department may request
to review relevant documents underlying a report and AIA agrees to provide
such documents promptly upon request. AIA is authorized to provide this
information without medical releases, as, pursuant to 45 C.F.R. §
164(e)(3)(i)(B), the releases are unnecessary where the information is sought
by Department to determine ADA compliance.
- The United States may review compliance with this Agreement at any time.
If the United States believes that AIA has failed to comply in a timely manner
with any requirement of this Agreement, the United States will so notify AIA
in writing and will attempt to resolve the issue or issues in good faith. If
the United States is unable to reach a satisfactory resolution of the issue or
issues raised within thirty (30) days of the date it provides notice to AIA,
the United States may institute a civil action in federal district court to
enforce the terms of this Agreement or the requirements of Title III of the
- Failure by the United States to enforce this Agreement with regard to any
deadline or any provision herein will not be construed as a waiver of the
United States' right to enforce other deadlines and provisions of this
- A copy of this document or any information contained in it will be made
available by AIA or the United States to any person on request.
- This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the United States
and AIA on the matters raised herein, and no other statement, promise, or
agreement, either written or oral, made by either party or agents of either
party, that is not contained in this written Agreement (including its
Attachments, which are hereby incorporated by reference), will be enforceable.
This Agreement does not purport to remedy any other potential violations of
the ADA or any other federal law. This Agreement does not affect the AIA's
continuing responsibility to comply with all aspects of the ADA.
- This Agreement shall be binding on AIA, its agents and employees.
- This Agreement will remain in effect for three (3) years.
- The effective date of this Agreement is the date of the last signature
|FOR THE ARIZONA INTERSCHOLASTIC ASSOCIATION, INC.
||FOR THE UNITED STATES|
THOMAS E. PEREZ
Assistant Attorney General for Civil
CHARLES SCHMIDT, CAA
President, Arizona Interscholastic
7007 N. 18th Street
Phoenix, Arizona 85020
Senior Counselor to the Assistant Attorney General
ALLISON J. NICHOL, Chief
KATHLEEN P. WOLFE
Disability Rights Section
Civil Rights Division
ROBERT J. MATHER, Trial
Disability Rights Section
Civil Rights Division
Department of Justice
950 Pennsylvania Ave, NW
Telephone: (202) 307-2236
Fax: (202) 616-6862
Dated: March 30. 2012
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