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The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) gives Federal civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion. It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, State and local government services, and telecommunications.
An individual is considered to have a "disability" if he or she has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such impairment, or is regarded as having such impairment. Persons with HIV disease, either symptomatic or asymptomatic, have physical impairments that substantially limit one or more major life activities and thus are protected by the ADA.
Persons who are discriminated against because they are regarded as being HIV-positive are also protected. For example, the ADA would protect a person who is denied an occupational license or admission to a school on the basis of a rumor or assumption that he has HIV or AIDS, even if he does not.
Genesis Healthcare System -- re: primary care physician's discriminatory denial of care due to HIV and improper referral of patients with HIV in violation of title III of the ADA
Best Practices Guide to Reform HIV-Specific Criminal Laws to Align with Scientifically Supported Factors -- A guide to provide technical assistance to states that wish to re-examine their HIV-specific criminal laws to ensure that existing policies do not place unique or additional burdens on individuals living with HIV/AIDS and that these policies reflect contemporary understanding of HIV transmission routes and associated benefits of treatment.
Settlement Agreement regarding forcing student with HIV to withdraw from a college medical assistant program.
Prevalence and Public Health Implications of State Laws that Criminalize Potential HIV Exposure in the United States -- A journal article, co-authored by the Department of Justice and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Rite Aid of Michigan, Inc.
Settlement regarding pharmacist’s denial of flu shot to customer because of his HIV status.
The South Carolina Department of Corrections | Complaint
Consent Decree regarding the integration of inmates with HIV into general population, addressing the conditions of confinement, and providing equal opportunity to participate in and benefit from all services, programs, and activities
Settlement regarding refusing or cancelling surgery for two individuals because they have HIV
Settlement regarding exclusion of an individual from an alcohol treatment program because of the side effects of his HIV medication