Appendix 8: Matrix of Changes Represented by New and Revised Requirements

This chart identifies the incremental changes represented by each new and revised requirement relative to the current requirement, including the construction scenarios to which the change relates. (In practice, the proposed requirement may be broader and apply in more construction scenarios; the focus of this chart is on the ways in which (and facilities to which) the proposed requirements would apply differently than the current requirements. A more complete summary of the incremental changes represented by each new and revised requirement is provided in Appendix 1.) Revised and new requirements are grouped separately and identified by the change they will effect: more stringent requirements are highlighted in blue; less stringent requirements are highlighted in green; and new (supplemental) requirements are highlighted in orange. The costs listed are medium construction costs for NC, ALT or BR; for low and high cost estimates see Appendix 2D. Operations and Maintenance and productive space costs are not included in this table (See Appendices 2E and 2I). Key:
#-ADAAG § Color § Incremental Change Unit Cost Assumptions NC Median Cost Alt Median Cost BR Median Cost
1-Public Entrances 206.4.1; 404 Green 6.4 At least 60% of public entrances in newly constructed facilities would be required to be accessible. The current requirement requires 50% of public entrances to be accessible, plus additional entrances so the total number of accessible public entrances is equal to the number of required exits (based on building or fire codes; typically two), but not exceeding the total number of planned public entrances. The revision will have no effect on altered or existing facilities. Cost for one accessible entrance (minus cost of inaccessible entrance). Assumed one 3’ door leaf and signage. -$200 na na
2-Maneuvering Clearance or Standby Power for Automatic Doors [1] , [2] 404.3.2 Blue 7.8 When an automatic door serves as part of an accessible means of egress, it will be required to have sufficient maneuvering clearance unless stand-by power is provided or the door/gate remains open when the power is off. Stand-by power likely to be preferred mechanism. Additional wiring required to connect automatic doors to emergency power system. Assumes emergency power system is in place & only wiring is necessary. $500 $500 $500
3-Automatic Door Break-Out Openings 404.1; 404.3; 404.3.1; 404.3.6, Ex. Blue 6.23 Automatic doors that are part of a means of egress that do not have standby power will be required to provide 32 inch minimum break out openings (“swing out” option) when operated in emergency mode (unless there are manual swinging doors serving the same means of egress). Assumed 2’8” clear width. Based range of costs on cost of door frame and hardware design; zero cost in NC as can use two door leafs are included. $0 $300 $2,000
4-Thresholds at Doorways 404.1; 404.2.5, Ex. Blue 6.21 Exterior sliding doors that are part of an accessible route[3] will have to provide lower (1/2 inch) thresholds (currently 3/4 inch). The revision maintains the current exception for existing thresholds that do not exceed 3/4 inch and are beveled on each side, and so will effect no change for altered or existing facilities. No change for interior sliding doors, which are currently required to provide ½ inch thresholds. Assumed 3’ wide sliding door.   $150 na na
5-Door and Gate Surfaces 404.1; 404.2.10, Ex. 2, 4. Blue 6.22 Swinging doors and gates except tempered glass doors without stiles will be required to have smooth surfaces on their lowermost 10 inches so that individuals who use wheelchairs and scooters can open these doors/gates without creating a trap or pinch point. Currently, there is no requirement with respect to the surface features of doors. Existing doors and gates are specifically exempted. Provide 10" smooth surface @ bottom of door. Assumed 3’ wide door; low cost solution is a kickplate; high cost is gate. $275 na na
6-Location of Accessible Routes 206.3 Blue 6.3 An accessible route will have to coincide with or be located in the same area as the circulation path[4] used by the general public. Currently, accessible routes must coincide with general circulation paths to the maximum extent feasible. Because, by statute, altered facilities need only comply with accessibility requirements to the maximum extent feasible, this revision effects no change for altered or existing facilities. Cost is not for route but for redesign (where route will be located), as route would have to be provided either way. range - 25', 50' & 100' travel distance $1,000 na na
7-Common Use Circulation Paths in Employee Work Areas 203.9; 206.2.8; 403.5, Ex.; 405.5, Ex.; 405.8, Ex. Blue 6.2 Common use circulation paths within employee work areas will have to comply with the technical requirements for accessible routes, with specific exceptions provided where compliance may be difficult due to the size, arrangement, location or function of the work area. Currently, employee work areas are only required to permit individuals with disabilities to approach, enter, and exit. Because the life safety requirements for circulation meet the accessibility standard this will have no cost impact. $0 $0 na
8-Accessible Means of Egress 207.1, Ex. 1; 216.4. Blue 6.7 The revised requirement will incorporate by reference the IBC requirements for accessible means of egress. Assumed 0-50-100’ travel distance, 3’ wide; no change re: equipment or hardware design. The change relates to both scoping (the number of accessible means of egress that are required) and technical requirements (e.g., the current requirement requires the accessible means of egress to get you out the door, while the revised requirement will require it to get you away from the building). Includes signage costs associated with compliance. $400 na na
9-Stairs (NC) 210.1; 504.2 Blue 6.10 All stairs in newly constructed facilities that are part of a means of egress will have to comply with the requirements for accessible stairs, which cover treads, risers, and handrails. Currently, stairs serving levels that are connected by an accessible route (e.g., an elevator) are exempt. No additional costs required for redesign of handrails or treads and risers. $0 na na
10-Stairs (ALT/BR) 210.1, Ex. 2 Blue 6.10 In existing facilities where levels are connected by an accessible route (e.g., an elevator), all stairs that are part of a means of egress will have to provide handrails. Currently, stairs serving levels that are connected by an accessible route (e.g., an elevator) are exempt. Unit is one run. Costs add extensions to handrails for low end estimate, add handrails for middle, and remove and replace at high end. na $7,500 $7,500
11-Handrails Along Walkways 403.6 Blue 6.20 Handrails on non-ramp walkways will be subject to technical requirements for handrails(including height, gripping surface, and clearance requirements). Compliant handrails are required on only one side of the walkway. Assumed 50’ travel distance and cost railing design and features. For NC/Alt, difference in cost between compliant and noncompliant handrails. For BR, cost of removing (low) or replacing (high) noncompliant handrails. $0 $250 $250
12-Handrails 505.5 thru 505.10 Green 5.22 The technical requirements for handrails will be more flexible (permitting the distance between handrail gripping surfaces and other surfaces to be 1.5” or more, rather than exactly 1.5”; permitting a wider range of approved handrail gripping surface diameters; and no longer requiring a horizontal section of handrail at the bottom of stairs.) Assumed one run (floor to floor). NC is savings realized from shorter extensions. No need to replace in ALT so no cost. -$50 $0 na
13-Accessible Routes from Site Arrival Points and Within Sites 206.2.1, Ex. 2; 206.2.2, Ex. Green 5.3 With respect to areas within sites or between an entrance and site arrival point that can only be accessed by vehicle (such as the roads and parking areas of many suburban “big-box” retail shopping malls), facilities will be exempt from providing a pedestrian accessible route. Currently buildings and facilities on a site are required to be connected by an accessible route even if sidewalks are not provided. Unit is one accessible route. Assumed 50-100-600’ range. Horizontal surface construction materials and accessible path of travel. No need to change in ALT. -$2,000 $0 na
14-Standby Power for Platform Lifts [5] , [6] 207.2 Blue 7.2 Where a platform lift is permitted to be used as part of an accessible means of egress (as required by the IBC), it will be required to have a back-up power source. Currently, such lifts are not required to have back-up power. Lowest cost assumes lift with existing battery; medium assumes wiring to existing power source; high assumes new battery & rewiring required. $400 $500 $600
15-Power-Operated Doors for Platform Lifts 410.5 Blue 7.9 Except for platform lifts that serve only one or two landings and have self-closing manual doors on opposite ends, platform lifts will be required to have power-operated doors. Current standards permit either maneuvering space or power-operated doors. Unit is one lift with 42” wide power-operated side door. This type of lift would generally not be incorporated into NC designs. The cost for ALT/BR is for the new doors & wiring involved. $0 $2,500 $2,500
16-Alterations to Existing Elevators 206.6.1 Blue 6.6 When an element in an existing elevator is altered, the same element will have to be altered in any other elevators that are programmed to respond to the same call button. Currently, only elements being altered have to be made accessible. For a bank of elevators (minus the one elevator). Low cost would be replacing the hoistway marker; median cost would be emergency communications equipment; high cost would be replacing the entire control panel (no need to make alterations to the cab itself). na $1,500 na
17-Platform Lifts in Hotel Guest Rooms and Dwelling Units 206.7; 206.7.6 Green 5.8 A multi-story hotel guest room or residential dwelling unit that is required to be accessible will be allowed to use a platform lift in lieu of an elevator as part of the accessible route. Under the current standard, only elevators are permitted. Cost difference between elevator and lift (2 stops). -$20,000 -$20,000 na
18-“LULA” and Private Residence Elevators 206.2.3, Ex. 1-2; 206.6, Ex. 1-2; 206.7 Green 5.7 Facilities that are not required to install an elevator but that plan one anyway will be permitted to install a LULA instead. This provision will also permit private residence elevators to be used in a multi-story residential dwelling unit. Cost difference between a 2 stop elevator & a LULA or residential elevator. -$20,000 -$20,000 na
19-Van Accessible Parking Spaces 208.2.4 Blue 7.3 One in six (rather than one in eight) accessible spaces will be required to be van accessible. There is no change in the total number of accessible parking spaces required; however, van accessible parking spaces are 3 feet wider than accessible parking spaces. For each van accessible space, facilities have the option of either providing an 11’ parking space with a 5’ aisle, or an 8’ space with an 8’ aisle. If the facility has 600 or fewer spaces, it need only provide two van accessible spaces, which can be placed together and share a common access aisle. Unit is one space, plus the sign. Low cost is for striping & sign only where two spaces can share an aisle; High cost is for additional paving, striping & signage. Space is 16'-0" wide x 20'-0" long.     $200 $200 $200
20-Valet Parking Garages 208.2 Blue 6.9 Facilities with valet-only parking services, which currently must provide an accessible passenger loading zone but are not required to provide accessible parking spaces, will now have to provide accessible parking spaces as well. One space (striping plus sign) and accessible route. Low cost is for striping & sign only; High cost is for additional paving, striping & signage. BR includes cost of removing curbs, etc. Space is 5'-0" wide x 20'-0" long. $250 $250 $1,500
21-Mechanical Access Parking Garages 209.5 Blue 6.9 Mechanical access parking garages (garages that use lifts, elevators, or other mechanical devices to move vehicles from the street level to a parking tier) will no longer be exempt from providing an accessible passenger loading zone, which would be required at vehicle drop-off and pick-up areas. One space/zone. Low cost is for striping & sign only; High cost is for additional paving, striping & signage. BR includes cost of removing curbs, etc. Space is 5'-0" wide x 20'-0" long $250 $250 $1,500
22-Direct Access Entrances from Parking Structures 206.4.2 Blue 6.5 All (rather than one) direct pedestrian connections from a parking structure to a facility will be required to be accessible. The cost of incorporating accessible access to entrances would be part of the design solution & therefore have no cost impact to NC. If there is an access issue in an existing facility the cost to correct the problem would be prohibitive & therefore, would not be done as part of an Alt or BR. $0 $0[7] $0[8]
23-Passenger Loading Zones 209.2.1; 503.2-4 Blue 6.8 Facilities that provide one long continuous passenger loading zone will have to provide one accessible passenger loading zone for every 100 feet of loading space. Access aisles will have to be on the same level as the vehicle pull-up space (currently can be on a sidewalk with a curb ramp). Unit is one loading zone, 5'-0" wide x 20'-0" long, accessible route; sign; floor & ground surface for vehicle space and aisle; 114” minimum vertical clearance at space, aisle and route. $650 $900 $900
24-Parking Spaces 208.1, Ex. Blue 5.9 Parking lots containing spaces designated for the exclusive use of buses, delivery vehicles, law enforcement vehicles and the like will have to provide an accessible loading zone. Unit is one loading zone, 5'-0" wide x 20'-0" long, accessible route; sign; floor & ground surface for vehicle space and aisle; 114” minimum vertical clearance at space, aisle and route. $650 $900 $900
25-Parking Spaces (Signs) 216.5, Ex. 1-2 Green 5.9 Facilities with four or fewer parking spaces and residential facilities with assigned parking spaces will no longer be required to identify accessible parking spaces (including the van accessible space) with signs displaying the International Symbol of Accessibility. Cost of one sign. -$100 -$100 na
26-Passenger Loading Zones at Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities 209.3 Green 5.10 Medical or long-term care facilities that are required to provide at least one passenger loading zone at an accessible entrance will no longer have to provide a canopy or roof overhang. Savings is deleting the cost of a canopy at loading zones (assumed Canopies of 20'x20' & 30'x35').   -$50,000 -$30,000 na
27-Ambulatory Accessible Toilet Compartments 213.3.1; 604.8.2 Blue 7.4 In multi-user men’s toilet rooms where the total of toilet compartments and urinals is six or more (as opposed to just the toilet compartments), at least one toilet compartment will have to be ambulatory accessible.   Cost of making one toilet compartment ambulatory accessible.
Ambulatory accessible toilet compartments must be between 35 inches and 37 inches wide and at least 60 inches deep, and have grab bars at least 42 inches long on each side of the compartment. The only additional cost is for the two grab bars on the side walls of the ambulatory accessible toilet compartment and possible relocation of partition.
$450 $450 $600
28-Water Closet Clearance in Single-User Toilet Rooms with out-swinging doors 604.3 Blue 7.10 In single-user toilet rooms, the water closet will have to provide clearance for both a forward and a parallel approach (the current provision permits one or the other), and the lavatory will no longer be permitted to overlap the water closet clearance, except in special dwelling unit cases. See #32 for in-swinging doors. Added space requirement in toilet room from water closet clearance requirement. NC cost includes cost of added plumbing wall, less the 1.25 sf of finishes, ALT/BR. Cost of reworked or demolition of walls & relocation of fixtures. Assumes increase of 10 sf in ALT/BR but space savings of up to 1.25 sf for NC.[9] $125 $3,000 $3,500
29-Shower Spray Controls 607.6; 608.6 Blue 7.11 In accessible bathtubs and shower compartments, the revision will require shower spray controls to have a “non-positive” on/off control. Cost for shower spray unit with on/off control. $200 $200 $225
30-Urinals 213.3 Green 5.13 In men's toilet rooms with only one urinal, an accessible urinal will no longer be required. 1 fixture - adjust mounting height.
Because this is a less stringent requirement & there is virtually no difference in the cost of fixtures, there is no cost impact
$0 $0 $0
31-Multiple Single-User Toilet Rooms 213.2, Ex. 4 Green 5.12 Where multiple single-user toilet rooms are clustered in a single location, 50% (rather than 100%) will be required to be accessible. Accessible single-user toilet rooms will have to be identified by the international symbol of accessibility. Savings from not incurring the cost of making one toilet room accessible; reduction in space required to be dedicated to the HC toilet room & grab bars. -$2,000 -$800 na
32-Water Closet Clearance in Single-User Toilet Rooms with in-swinging doors 604.3, 603.1, 603.2.3, Ex. 2; 604.3 Blue 5.23 In single-user toilet rooms, the water closet will have to provide clearance for both a forward and a parallel approach (the current provision permits one or the other), and the lavatory will no longer be permitted to overlap the water closet clearance, except in special dwelling unit cases. The in-swinging doors of single user toilet or bathing rooms will be permitted to swing into the clearance around any fixture, as long as clear floor space is provided within the toilet room beyond the door's arc. Added space requirement (3’ x 3’) in toilet room for water closet clearance, but door can now overlap part of clearance. Minimum impact on NC. ALT assumes some rework of the room may be required; BR assumes plumbing rework has to be done. Cost of reworked or demolition of walls & relocation of fixtures. $200 $3,100 $3,600
33-Water Closet Location and Rear Grab Bar 604.2; 604.5.2, Ex. 1 Green 5.24 The revised provision will allow greater flexibility in the placement of the centerline of water closets (permitting it to be between 16-18 inches from the wall rather than exactly 18 inches), and will also permit a shorter grab bar where there is not enough space due to special circumstances (e.g., because a lavatory is located next to the water closet and the wall behind the lavatory is recessed so that the lavatory does not overlap the clear floor space at the water closet). A design issue; no cost impact. $0 $0 $0
34-Patient Toilet Rooms 223.1, Ex. Green 5.19 Toilet rooms that are part of critical or intensive care patient sleeping rooms will no longer be required to provide mobility features. One accessible toilet room; smaller room and no grab bars. -$2,150 -$950 na
35-Drinking Fountains 211.1-3; 602.2, Ex.; 602.4; 602.7 Blue 6.11 Drinking fountains will be required to provide a forward approach (rather than either a forward or a parallel approach) unless they are used exclusively by children. No cost for NC. For existing facilities, the fountain would have to be replaced (Cost of fixture is additional + cost of space required. BR assumes demolition added.). $0 $650 $2,500
36-Sinks in HotELS 212.1.3; 606.2, Ex. Blue 6.12 Under the revised provision, at least 5% of sinks in each accessible space will be required to be accessible. Sinks in transient lodging facilities that include a cook top or conventional range will have to be positioned for a forward approach. No scoping change unless more than 20 sinks in a space. No cost impact to NC, cabinet credit offsets counter & pipe insulation. Alt/BR is to remove cabinet & lower counter & sink, & provide pipe insulation. $0 $700 $950
37-Side Reach 205.1; 228.1-2; 309.3, 308.3, 308.3.1, Ex. 2, 308.3.2 Blue 6.19 The side reach requirement will have a lower maximum (48" instead of 54") and higher minimum (15" instead of 9"). Side reach requirement applies (unless forward reach is provided) to operable parts on accessible elements, to elements located on accessible routes, and to elements in accessible rooms and spaces. Design issue for NC/Alt. For BR, No cost impact is anticipated in NC. ALT/BR high end costs include moving of electrical items, & restoring the wall to its previous condition. $0 $150 $150
38&39-Sales and Service Counters 904.4.1, Ex.; 904.4.2 Green 5.26 For counters providing a forward approach, newly constructed facilities will be permitted to install counters that are shorter in length than currently required (30" instead of the current 36"). Existing facilities will be permitted to install even shorter counters (24” instead of the current 36" or proposed 30”) if installing 30" counters would require reducing the number of existing counters. Unit is a counter (6-12 inch savings). NC costs for shorter counters -- 30" instead of 36"; ALT costs for 24" counters instead of 36" -$200 -$200 na
40-Washing Machines 214.2-3; 611.3; 309.3; 309.3.2, Ex. 1 Blue 5.21 The maximum height for the tops of these machines can be 2 inches higher (36” maximum above the finish floor) than the general requirement (34”) for high reach maximums over an obstruction. The revised requirement will specify the number of machines of each type required to be accessible (1 or 2 depending on number of machines). Unit is one washing machine. $500 $500 $500
41-Clothes Dryers 214.2-3; 611.3; 309.3; 309.3.2, Ex. 1 Blue 5.21 The maximum height for the tops of these machines can be 2 inches higher (36” maximum above the finish floor) than the general requirement (34”) for high reach maximums over an obstruction. The revised requirement will specify the number of machines of each type required to be accessible (1 or 2 depending on number of machines). Unit is one clothes dryer $300 $300 $300
42-Self-Service Storage Facility Spaces 225.3 Blue 5.20 In self-service storage facilities, the revised requirement will require 5% of the first 200 self-service storage spaces and 2% of spaces over 200 to be accessible. Currently, only one storage unit in each class is required to be accessible. One storage space. Costs may require moving door for clearances, or installing an overhead door opener $0 $500 $500
43-Limited Access Spaces and Machinery Spaces 203.4-5 Green 5.1 The revised requirement will exempt spaces that either have limited means of access (catwalks, crawl spaces, etc.) or are visited only by service personnel, even if such spaces are nonetheless “occupiable.” The current provision only exempts such spaces if both conditions apply and the space is “non-occupiable.” Cost of a 3’ wide accessible door (all that would be required now). The change increases the number of exempted spaces; therefore, door, hardware, & design changes have no cost impact. $0 $0 $0
44-Operable Parts 205.1, Ex. Green 5.2 Several kinds of operable parts will no longer have to be accessible, including those used solely by service or maintenance personnel, redundant controls (except for light switches), extra outlets along an uninterrupted kitchen counter, floor electrical receptacles, outlets for dedicated use, and HVAC diffusers. Cost for one operable part. There is no cost impact for these elements in NC; they would not have to be changed in either Alt or BR, so there is no cost impact there either. $0 $0 $0
45-Transient lodging Guest Room Vanities 806.2.4.1 Blue 7.13 Vanity counter top space that is comparable in terms of size and proximity to the lavatory will be required in mobility-accessible rooms. Currently, accessible counters are only required to comply with height and knee space specifications. Assumed 3-4-5’ range and room area; maneuvering clearances for reach, depth and height. No add’l space required in NC. $0 $750 $1,000
46-Operable Windows 229.1 Blue 7.6 At least one window will have to meet the technical requirements for operable parts. The technical requirements for operable parts require the parts to be no higher than 48 inches from the floor; and to be operable with one hand and not require tight grasping, pinching, or twisting of the wrist. The maximum force to activate an operable part is 5 pounds. 1 window - 2'-0" width & clear space. There is no cost impact in NC; ALT/BR will encounter cost of hardware as a minimum. $0 $500 $700
47-Dwelling Units with Communication Features[10] 809.5; 708.4 Green 7.14 At least 2% of dwelling units will be required to provide communication features if certain elements are provided for inaccessible units. Baseline is transient lodging provisions under the 1991 Standards Equipment and hardware design and operation (High cost - communication at each unit; Low cost - communication at main) visible signal assumed to be required at units. $550 $500
  1. na
48-Dwelling Units with Communication Features 809.5; 708.4 Blue 7.14 At least 2% of dwelling units will be required to provide communication features if certain elements are provided for inaccessible units. Baseline is UFAS (same scoping but less stringent technical specs). Equipment and hardware design and operation (High cost - communication at each unit; Low cost - communication at main) visible signal assumed to be required at units. $550 $500
  1. na
49-Galley Kitchen Clearances 804.2 Blue 7.12 The revision clarifies that “galley” style kitchens (those with only one entrance and a dead-end on the other side) with a cooktop or conventional range have to meet the greater clearance requirements (60 inches). Cost of maneuvering clearance for reach (depth, width and height); space; 4’ counter and room area. Estimate adding 13 SF of room areaAlternate baseline: UFAS $1,000 $1,000 $1,200
50-Shower Compartments with Mobility Features 608.1; 608.2.1; 608.2.3; 608.4; 608.5.3; 608.7, Ex. Green 5.25 The revised requirement will provide more flexible specifications for transfer-type and roll-in showers. A design issue. Cost range includes cost of reworking plumbing & possibly replacing a molded shower enclosure. BR costs include removal of curbs. $0 -$500 -$500
51-Location of Accessible Route to Stages 206.2.6 Blue 7.1 For stages where the circulation path (for the general audience) directly connects the stage to the seating area, the accessible route will also have to be direct. Currently, an accessible route connecting accessible seating locations to performing areas may go outside the assembly area and use an indirect interior accessible route. Low cost includes the cost of a platform lift, high cost is for a ramp. NC has no cost impact since it is only the location of the access that has changed. $0 $15,000 $20,000
52-Wheelchair Space Overlap in Assembly Areas 802.1.4, 802.1.5 Blue 6.26 Wheelchair spaces will not be permitted to overlap accessible routes or circulation paths. Not a change with respect to accessible routes (which are and have been required to have a 36 inch minimum clear width – without obstructions), and while new with respect to circulation paths, only applies to the path width as required by applicable building codes and fire and life safety codes. Since the codes prohibit obstructions in the required width of assembly aisles anyway, this doesn’t really effect a change.   There is no cost impact for compliance in NC. The costs in Alt/BR are for additional space required (5’ x 5’ minimum); may lose an entire aisle.   $0 $650 $1,200
53-Lawn Seating in Assembly Areas 221.5 Blue 6.15 Lawn seating and exterior overflow seating areas without fixed seats would have to connect to an accessible route. The accessible route does not, however, have to extend through the lawn seating area. There are no cost impacts for providing direct access to lawn seating since the accessible route does not have run through the seating area. (Assumed 3’ wide and 0-50-100’ range.) $0 $0 $0
54-HANDRAILS ON Aisle Ramps in Assembly Areas 210.1, Ex. 3; 405.1, Ex.; 505.2, Ex.; 505.3, Ex.; 505.10, Ex. Green 5.11 Handrails on aisle ramps adjacent to seating in assembly areas that are part of an accessible route to accessible seating or other accessible elements, which are required to be on only one side of the ramp (the side that is not adjacent to the seats), will be permitted to be discontinuous and need not have extensions beyond the ramp where the handrails must be discontinuous to allow access to seating and aisle crossing. Reduced handrail requirements will affect NC/Alt. May be saved cost of bottom extension. Assumed 50’ long. -$1,750 -$1,750 na
55-Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas 221.2; 221.2.1-3 Green 5.18 Revised formula will reduce the number of wheelchair spaces required in larger assembly areas with fixed seating. Unit is one 5’ x 5’ space. Cost of wheelchair seating in stadium seating (low cost) & luxury box seating (high cost). -$1,250 -$650 na
56-Accessible Route to Tiered Dining Areas in Sports Facilities
(NC) 206.2.5, Ex. 3
Green 5.4 In newly constructed facilities, an accessible route will have to be provided to 25% (rather than 100%) of tiered dining areas. Each tier will have to provide the same services and the accessible route will have to serve accessible seating. The cost savings included in the NC are for raising a tier & ramping to that tier, or a wall mounted lift that makes as many as four stops. -$10,000 na na
57-Accessible Route to Press Boxes 206.2.7, Ex. Green 5.5 Where the aggregate area of all press boxes does not exceed 500 square feet, small press boxes that are located on bleachers with entrances on only one level and freestanding small press boxes elevated more than 12 feet will be exempted from accessible route requirements (e.g., a lift). Cost of lift. -$17,000 -$17,000 na
58-Public TTYs 217.4 Blue 7.5 Currently, only one TTY phone is required per facility (public or private), in public facilities if at least one public pay phone is provided, and in private facilities when 4+ public pay phones are on a site and at least one is in an interior location. The proposed requirement will increase the scoping. In private facilities, one TTY will be required on every floor with 4+ phones and in all banks of 4+ phones. In public facilities, one TTY will be required on every floor with 1 phone and in all banks of 4+ phones. For exterior pay phones in both types of facilities, one TTY will be required where there are 4+ phones. One TTY will also be required at entrances to bus and rail stations, and at public rest stops, where a public pay telephone is provided. Cost of one public TTY phone.   $2,320 $2,320 $2,500
59-Public Telephone Volume Controls 217.3; 704.3 Blue 6.13 All public pay phones (interior and exterior) (rather than only 25%) will be required to have volume controls; identifying signs will no longer be required. The revision will also expand the volume increase range (currently, a minimum gain of 12 dB and a maximum gain of 18 dB; as revised, will require a gain up to 20 dB minimum and an automatic reset). Cost difference (rental or purchase) between phone with and without volume controls, including cost savings for sign. $0 $350 $350
60-Two-Way Communication SystemS AT ENTRANCES 230.1; 708.1-3 Blue 7.7 Where two-way communication systems are provided at entrances (in facilities other than residential facilities) and used to gain access to a facility or a restricted area of a facility, they will now be required to have visible as well as audible signals. Handsets, if provided, will be subject to minimum handset cord length requirements. Cost to add visual signal to secured entrances equipped with audible signals. $1,400 $1,400 na
61-ATMs and Fare Machines 707.1-8 Blue 6.25 The current standards use a performance test, requiring that machines be accessible to people with vision impairments. The proposed requirement adds specific technical requirements for privacy, speech output, tacitly discernable input controls, display screens, and Braille instructions. (Fare machines don’t have to meet the requirements for privacy.) Cost of one conversion kit for ATM machines and installation $3,000 $3,000 $3,000
62-Assistive Listening Systems (technical) 706.1-6, 219.3, Ex. 2 Blue 5.17; 6.24 Technical specifications for assistive listening systems will require standard mono jacks; certain specifications for sound level pressure, signal-to-noise ratio, and peak clipping level; and neck loops that interface with the telecoils in hearing aids for hearing-aid compatible receivers (a new provision would require 25% (minimum 2) receivers to be hearing-aid compatible unless the assembly area uses an induction loop assistive listening system.) Unit is one system with required number of hearing-aid compatible receivers.
Assembly areas served by an induction loop assistive listening system do not have to provide hearing-aid compatible receivers.
$500 $500 na
63-Visible Alarms in Alterations to Existing Facilities 202.3; 215.1, Ex. Green 5.14 New exception will require visible alarms to be added to existing fire alarm systems only when systems are upgraded or replaced, or when a new system is installed. This work would only be done when the entire Fire Alarm System was being upgraded & therefore the cost of this work has not been included here. There are no noncompliant alarms available on the market. na $0 na
64-Detectable Warnings (SCOPING) 218.2-3; 810.5; 810.5.2;
705.1; 705.1.1-3; 705.2
Green 5.27 Curb ramps, hazardous vehicular areas, and reflecting pools will no longer be subject to the requirement for detectable warnings. Credit for materials no longer required. Assumed 3’ long x 6’ wide. -$250 -$250 na
65-Detectable Warnings (TeCHNICAL) 218.2-3; 810.5; 810.5.2;
705.1; 705.1.1-3; 705.2
Green 5.27 Platform boarding edges in rail transit facilities will continue to be subject to the requirements for detectable warnings, but the technical specifications will be more flexible. Detectable horizontal surface construction material specification changes should have no cost impact. Assumed 3’ long x 6’ wide. $0 $0 na
66-Assistive Listening Systems (scoping) 219.2, Ex.; 219.3, Ex. 1-2 Green 5.17 Currently, assistive listening systems are required in any assembly area that provides an audio amplification system OR has an occupant load of at least 50 people, and the number of required receivers is 4% (minimum 2) of seats no matter how many seats there are. Under the proposed Standards, only (a) assembly areas with audio amplification systems and (b) courtrooms will be subject to the requirement, and fewer receivers will be required in larger assembly areas (3% of seats between 501-1000, 2% of seats between 1001-2000, and 1% of seats over 2000). Unit is one system. -$1,250 -$1,250 na
67-Accessible Courtroom Stations 231.2; 808; 304; 305; 902 Orange   Forward approach (with clear floor space, accessible work surface heights, toe and knee clearance) will be required for all courtroom stations (judges’ benches, clerks’ stations, bailiffs’ stations, deputy clerks’ stations, court reporters’ stations and litigants’ and counsel stations). Area in front of built-in elements. This should have no cost impact to NC/Alt, & minimal cost impact to BR $0 $0 $1,000
68-Accessible Attorney Areas and Witness Stands 206.2.4 Orange   Raised attorney areas and witness stands will have to provide vertical access by ramp, elevator, or platform lift. Cost of vertical access (ramp or lift) with power backup. Low cost is for a small ramp, high cost is for a power lift with emergency power connections or battery. $15,000 $15,000 $18,000
69-Raised Courtroom Stations Not for Members of the Public 206.2.4, Ex. 1 Orange   Raised courtroom stations used by judges, clerks, bailiffs and court reporters will have to be constructed or altered in a way that they can later be easily adapted to provide vertical access by ramp, elevator or platform lift. Enough clear floor space to install a lift later. Costs are for the additional space required & the conduit for the future wiring required for a lift. This is for NC or Alt. only $7,500 $1,900
  1. na
70-Accessible Route to Exercise Machines and Equipment 206.2.13 Orange   An accessible route will be required to serve fixed exercise machines and equipment that are required to meet clear floor space specifications. Because of the existing life/safety requirements for exiting this should be a no cost design issue in NC/Alt. For BR cost of labor to relocate machines; accessible route and floor space; travel distance varies by configuration of equipment. In very small spaces may require eliminating or providing fewer machines. Machines could be clustered together. $0 $0 $500
71-Accessible Machines and Equipment 236; 1004 Orange   One of each type of fixed exercise machine will be required to meet clear floor space specifications. Types of machines are generally defined according to the muscular groups exercised or the kind of cardiovascular exercise provided. A design issue when laying out the location of the machines in both NC/Alt on the low cost end. The high cost end will add SF to the building because of the number of differing types of equipment. Cost in BR for reorganization of equipment location. $1,500 $600 $700
72-Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms 241; 612 Orange   At least 5% but no fewer than one of each type of sauna or steam room (per cluster or facility) will be required to meet accessibility requirements, including accessible turning space and an accessible bench. Assumes no cost to NC/Alt because the sauna would be designed to accessibility standards, & the cost of an accessible bench is no more than a regular bench. BR pricing assumes fairly significant changes would be required to walls & finishes. $0 $0 $10,000
73-Accessible Lockers 225.2.1; 811 Orange   At least 5% but no fewer than one of each type of locker (per cluster or facility) will be required to meet accessibility requirements. Costs include all finishes in the accessibility space required. The NC/Alt should have no real impact because it will be a design around issue. $0 $400 $500
74-Accessible Dressing Rooms, Fitting Rooms, or Locker RooMs 222; 803 Orange   At least 5% but no fewer than one dressing room, fitting room, and locker room (per cluster or facility) will be required to meet accessibility requirements. 3'-0" wide door. BR costs include reworking an existing space to accommodate the accessibility space requirements. The NC/Alt should have no real impact because it will be a design around issue. $0 $0 $1,500
75-Wheelchair SpaceS in Team or Player Seating Areas 221.2.1.4 and Ex.; 802.1 Orange   At least one wheelchair space will be required in team or player seating areas with fixed seats. With respect to team or player seating areas serving bowling lanes, the requirement applies only to those lanes required to be accessible. This is a no cost item in NC/Alt. The cost in BR is for moving benches, etc. to accommodate the required accessibility & path of travel. Assumed 5'-0" x 5'-0" space and accessible route. $0 $0 $250
76-Accessible Route in Court Sport Facilities 206.2.12 Orange   At least one accessible route will be required to directly connect both sides of the court. Assumed 3’ wide and 100’ long (high). NC/Alt & BR cost of new pavement to provide an accessible path of travel $1,500 $1,500 $1,800
77-Accessible Route to Bowling Lanes 206.2.11 Orange   At least 5% but no fewer than one of each type of bowling lane will be required to be on an accessible route. Assumed 3’ wide and 50’ long (high). No cost impact on NC/Alt. BR cost to rework the furniture layout to provide accessibility $0 $0 $1,000
78-Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions 243; 1010 Orange   At least 5% but no fewer than one of each type of firing position at shooting facilities will be required to provide an accessible turning space. Cost to provide additional space $300 $300 $500
79-Accessible Means of Entry to Pools 242.2; 1009.2-6 Orange   At least one accessible means of entry will be required for pools of 300 or more linear feet. Costs range from a low cost lift to a high end lift $10,000 $15,000 $15,000
80-Accessible Means of Entry to Wading Pools 242.3; 1009.3 Orange   At least one sloped means of entry will be required into the deepest part of each wading pool. Cost of ramp complete with handrails & surfacing for wading pool of 33x10, 58x30, and 69x40. Given the amount of space required for proper slope, not possible for smaller sizes. $142,500 $142,500 $142,500
81-Accessible Means of Entry to Spas 242.4; 1009.2, .4, .5 Orange   At least 5% but no fewer than one spa (per cluster or facility) will be required to meet accessibility requirements, including an accessible means of entry (either a pool lift, transfer wall or a transfer system). Cost of either steps with rail or a lift. $4,500 $6,000 $6,000
82-Accessible Route TO BOATING FACILITIES 206.2.10; 1003.2 Orange   An accessible route will be required to serve all accessible boating facilities, including boat slips and boarding piers at boat launch ramps. Assumed 200’ travel distance. Additional horizontal surface construction materials for the accessible path of travel. (Assuming that BR will be exempted.) $1,500 $1,500 $0
83-Accessible Boarding Piers
(NC) 235.3; 1003.2-3
Orange   At least 5% but no fewer than one boarding pier at boat launch ramps will be required to be accessible. Cost to provide 5’ wide and 100’ long of accessible slip (difference between accessible & non-accessible). It is assumed that this would not be feasible in Alt/BR. . $750 na na
84-Accessible Boarding Piers
(ALT/BR) 235.3; 1003.2-3
Orange   At least 5% but no fewer than one boarding pier at boat launch ramps will be required to be accessible. Cost to provide 5’ wide and 100’ long of accessible slip (difference between accessible & non-accessible). It is assumed that this would not be feasible in Alt/BR. na $0 $0
85-Accessible Boat Slips
(NC) 235.2; 1003.3.1
Orange   A specified number of boat slips in each recreational boating facility will be required to meet specified accessibility standards and to be dispersed throughout the boat slip area and among the various types of slips provided. Cost to provide 2 40' accessible slips (difference between accessible & non-accessible) and be dispersed. $300 na na
86-Accessible Boat Slips
(Alt/BR) 235.2; 1003.3.1
Orange   A specified number of boat slips in each recreational boating facility will be required to meet specified accessibility standards and to be dispersed throughout the boat slip area and among the various types of slips provided. Cost to provide two 40' accessible slips (difference between accessible & non-accessible) and be dispersed. na $300 $1,500
87-Accessible Route TO FISHING PIERS 206.2.14; 1005.1 Orange   An accessible route will be required to serve each accessible fishing pier and platform. Cost to provide 100' of accessible route (difference between accessible & non-accessible). $300 $300 $500
88-Accessible Fishing Piers and Platforms 237; 1005 Orange   At least 25% of railings will have to meet a specified maximum height (so that a person seated in a wheelchair can reach over the railing) and be dispersed among the piers and platforms. If railings, guards, or handrails are provided, accessible edge protection, clear floor or ground space, and turning space will be required. Cost to provide lower railing & 30" x 12" edge extension in 25% of 100' of pier. $1,500 $1,500 $7,000
89-Accessible Route TO GOLF COURSES 206.2.15; 1006.2-3 Orange   An accessible route will have to serve all accessible elements within the boundary of the golf course; all golf car rental areas, bag drop areas, teeing grounds, putting greens, and weather shelters; and all accessible practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges. Assumed 5’ wide and 100’ long (high). Cost of accessible path, low cost assumes that NC/Alt/BR paths will be compliant & only mid & high will have costs. Med cost is for asphalt, high cost is for concrete path. $1,000 $1,000 $2,000
90-Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Weather Shelters at Golf Courses
(ALT/BR)   238.2; 1006.4
Orange   Golf cars will have to be able to enter and exit each putting green, each weather shelter, and, for each hole, at least one teeing ground (two if more than two teeing grounds are provided), including the forward ground. In existing golf courses, the forward teeing ground shall not be required to be one of the teeing grounds on a hole designed and constructed so that a golf car can enter and exit the teeing ground where compliance is not feasible due to terrain. Assumed 200’ travel distance per hole. Cost for re-grading & landscaping to ramp up to teeing ground, not expected to be a cost in NC.   $1,000 $1,500
91-Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Weather Shelters at Golf Courses
(NC) 238.2; 1006.4
Orange   Golf cars will have to be able to enter and exit each putting green, each weather shelter, and, for each hole, at least one teeing ground (two if more than two teeing grounds are provided), including the forward ground. Assumed 200’ travel distance per hole. Cost for re-grading & landscaping to ramp up to teeing ground, not expected to be a cost in NC. Assumed 200’ travel distance per hole. Cost for re-grading & landscaping to ramp up to teeing ground, not expected to be a cost in NC. $0 na na  
92-Accessible Practice Putting Greens, Practice Teeing Grounds, and Teeing Stations at Driving Ranges 238.3 Orange   Golf cars will have to be able to enter and exit at least 5% but no fewer than one of each of practice putting greens, practice teeing grounds, and teeing stations at driving ranges. Assumed 200’ travel distance per hole. Cost for re-grading & landscaping up to area. $0 $1,000 $1,500
93-Accessible Route to Holes (MINI GOLF) 206.2.16; 239.3; 1007.2 Orange   An accessible route will be required to serve accessible miniature golf holes (which will generally have to be consecutive) and to connect the last accessible hole and the course entrance or exit. Specified exceptions will be available for accessible routes located on the playing surfaces of holes. Assumed 200’ travel distance. NC/Alt & BR cost of new pavement to provide an accessible path of travel $1,000 $1,000 $3,500
94-Accessible Holes (MINI GOLF) 239.2; 1007.3 Orange   At least 50% of holes on miniature golf courses will be required to be accessible (includes specified clear space at the start of play and a specified golf club reach range area). Assumed 9 holes need to be made compliant (i.e., 50% of an 18-hole course). NC/Alt & BR cost of new surfacing to provide an accessible path of travel. BR includes costs to re-grade & remove obstacles. $9,000 $9,000 $25,000
95-Accessible Route TO RIDES 206.2.9; 1002.2 Orange   An accessible route will be required to serve each ride at amusement parks, including the load/unload area. Assumed 50’ travel distance. Low cost assumes little to no cost, med a ramp, & high an elevator or lift. $5,000 $5,000 $7,500
96-Wheelchair Space or Transfer Seat or Transfer Device 234.2; 1002.4-6 Orange   Each newly constructed[11] amusement ride (except for mobile/temporary rides and a few additional excepted rides), will be required to provide at least one type of wheelchair access (namely, one wheelchair space, one transfer seat, or one transfer device). Construction of location for loading, unloading, & transfer area. NC only Alt/BR are exempt. Low cost for area & bench, high cost for transfer seat. $1,000 na na
97-Maneuvering Space in Load and Unload Area 234.2; 1002.3 Orange   Each amusement ride (except for mobile/temporary rides) will be required to provide specified maneuvering space in the load/unload area. Assumed 5’ x 5’ area (turning space). No cost item at the low end of NC/Alt & minimal at the high end. $350 $350 $750
98-Signs 216.12 Orange   Signs identifying the type and location of wheelchair access for each amusement ride will be required at entries to queues and waiting lines. Cost of sign for one ride. $250 $250 $250
99-Accessible Route to Play Components (BR) 206.2.17; 240.2.1-2; 1008.2-3 Orange   At least one accessible route will be required within each play area and will have to connect to a certain number of ground level play components, elevated play components, and entry points to soft contained play structures. For medium play area, sq ft to be covered under Barrier removal 190 (low, medium and high).  For large play area, sq ft to be covered under Barrier removal 240 (low, medium and high). na na $0 (sm)
$4,180 (med)
$5,280 (lg)
100-Accessible Play Components (BR) 240.2; 1008.4 Orange   Play components (include ground level, elevated, and soft contained play structures) will themselves have to comply with accessibility requirements. For ALT/BR, additional accessible ground components can be substituted for the required accessible elevated play components. For medium playgrounds, Under Barrier Removal: Low cost -- cost to add one ground component, Medium cost – cost to add two ground components, High cost – cost to add four ground components.  For large playgrounds, Under Barrier Removal: Low cost -- cost to add two ground component, Medium cost – cost to add four ground components, High cost – cost to add eight ground components. (Small are exempt) na na $0 (sm)
$1,100 (med)
$5,280 (lg)
101-Accessible Route to Play Components (ALT) 206.2.17; 240.2.1-2; 1008.2-3 Orange   At least one accessible route will be required within each play area and will have to connect to a certain number of ground level play components, elevated play components, and entry points to soft contained play structures. For small play area, sq ft to be covered, Alterations – low, 0; medium 70; high, 308.    For medium play area, sq ft to be covered Alterations – low, 0; medium 140; high, 710; For large play area, sq ft to be covered alterations – low, 0; medium, 280;                                                        
                                                                  
na $1,356 (sm)
$2,457 (med)
$4,550 (lg)
na
102-Accessible Play Components (ALT) 240.2; 1008.4 Orange   Play components (include ground level, elevated, and soft contained play structures) will themselves have to comply with accessibility requirements. For ALT/BR, additional accessible ground components can be substituted for the required accessible elevated play components. small playground Under Alterations:  Low cost -- no cost, Medium cost – cost to add one ground component, High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a transfer system to a 24” deck.  For medium playgrounds, Under Alterations:, Low cost -- no cost, Medium cost – cost to add two ground components, High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a transfer system to a 36” deck plus the cost of adding one additional ground component. Under Alterations:, Low cost -- no cost, Medium cost – cost to add four ground components, High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a ramp to a 12 or 16” platform from grade na $500 (sm)
$1,000 (med)
$2,00 (lg)
na
103-Accessible Route to Play Components (NC) 206.2.17; 240.2.1-2; 1008.2-3 Orange   At least one accessible route will be required within each play area and will have to connect to a certain number of ground level play components, elevated play components, and entry points to soft contained play structures. For small play area, sq ft to be covered: New construction –308 (low, medium and high. For medium play area, sq ft to be covered New construction –710 (low, medium and high);  For large play area, sq ft to be covered 1,095 (low, medium and high).   $4,805 (sm)
$10,153 (med)
$21,975 (lg)
na na
104-Accessible Play Components (NC) 240.2; 1008.4 Orange   Play components (include ground level, elevated, and soft contained play structures) will themselves have to comply with accessibility requirements. For ALT/BR, additional accessible ground components can be substituted for the required accessible elevated play components. Small playground, Under New Construction:, Low cost -- no cost, Medium cost – cost to add one ground component, High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a transfer system to a 24” deck.  For medium sized playground, Under New Construction:  Low cost -- no cost, Medium cost – cost to add two ground components, High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a transfer system to a 36” deck plus the cost of adding one additional ground component. Large sized playground:, Under New Construction:  Low cost -- no cost, Medium cost – cost to add four ground components, High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a ramp to a 12 or 16” platform from grade $500 (sm)
$1,000 (med)
$2,000 (lg)
na na
105 -Open Captioning in Sports Stadium (regulatory proposal) Orange   Sports stadiums with 25,000+ seats will have to provide real-time open captioning of emergency announcements. Can appear scoreboard, on a line board, on a handheld device, or by any other effective means. Assume existing staff can type necessary messages; cost should be for any additional equipment or changes to existing equipment.
The equipment is a scrolling LED board on the high end. The low end assumes the large stadiums have boards that are already capable of being programmed to accept & display text.
$2,000 $2,000 $2,000
106-Post Secondary School Multi-Story Dorm Facility – Elevator (regulatory proposal) Orange   Public post secondary schools that had previously opted to comply with the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS) will now be subject to the requirements for transient lodging.   With respect to dormitory facilities, the biggest differences are accessible vertical access (i.e., elevators, platform lifts, etc.) between all levels, distribution of rooms with communications features for people who are deaf or hard of hearing, and distribution of rooms with mobility features. The proposed standards require broader access for people with disabilities than UFAS. NC cost assumes adding an elevator to the building. Low cost is for a 2 story compliant hydraulic elevator, complete with pit, shaft walls, & machine room. The cost to add an elevator to an existing building would be excessive & is being considered as exempt. $75,000 $0 $0
107-Mobility Accessible Prison Cell (regulatory proposal) Orange   Fewer accessible cells will be required in newly constructed and altered detention facilities (from 5% to 2% for new construction, and from 5% to 3% for alterations). NC costs are for the incremental added square footage, & the ADA accessible toilet. Alt costs include the burden of retro-fitting masonry or concrete walls. $20,000 $30,000 $0
108-Communication Accessible Prison Cell (regulatory proposal) Orange   Fewer accessible cells will be required in newly constructed and altered detention facilities (from 5% to 2% for new construction, and from 5% to 3% for alterations). NC/Alt include the cost to install a security type communication system $6,000 $7,000 $7,000
109-Social Service Establishment (UFAS) (regulatory proposal) Orange   In facilities such as group homes, halfway houses, and homeless shelters where there are sleeping rooms with more than 25 beds, five percent minimum of the beds shall have clear floor space. NC eliminate the need for an elevator (See item 101 for description of elevator). Assumes no impact to Alt/BR -$150,000 $0 $0
110-Social Service Establishment (ADAAG) (regulatory proposal) Orange   Group homes, halfway houses, shelters, or similar social service establishments that provide temporary sleeping accommodations, and which are operated by public entities that previously complied with UFAS, will now be subject to the new requirements for residential dwelling units in the ADA Standards. The main impact of the change for these facilities is that in sleeping rooms with more than 25 beds, 5% of the beds will now be required to provide clear floor space to enable a person using a wheelchair to transfer into the bed NC/Alt includes the cost of the incremental additional space requirements. $3,500 $1,500 $0

 

[1] As applied to existing facilities that were newly constructed under the current Standards and will be altered under the proposed Standards. Benefits and costs have only been assessed with respect to the proportion of existing facilities that were designed and constructed for first occupancy between January 26, 1993 and January 26, 2009.

[2] As applied to existing facilities that were newly constructed under the current Standards and will be required to comply with the proposed Standards pursuant to the readily achievable barrier removal requirement. Benefits and costs have only been assessed with respect to the proportion of existing facilities that were designed and constructed for first occupancy between January 26, 1993 and January 26, 2009.

[3] An accessible route must comply with specifications for walking surfaces, running slope, doorways, ramps, curb ramps, elevators, platform lifts, etc. Specifications include width of unobstructed surface, cross slope, and amount of turning space.

[4] A circulation path is an exterior or interior way of passage provided for pedestrian travel, including but not limited to, walks, hallways, courtyards, elevators, platform lifts, ramps, stairways, and landings.

[5] As applied to existing facilities that were newly constructed under the current Standards and will be altered under the proposed Standards. Benefits and costs have only been assessed with respect to the proportion of existing facilities that were designed and constructed for first occupancy between January 26, 1993 and January 26, 2009.

[6] As applied to existing facilities that were newly constructed under the current Standards and will be required to comply with the proposed Standards pursuant to the readily achievable barrier removal requirement. Benefits and costs have only been assessed with respect to the proportion of existing facilities that were designed and constructed for first occupancy between January 26, 1993 and January 26, 2009.

[7]Under the assumption that if there is an access issue in an existing facility the cost to correct the problem would be prohibitive & therefore would not be done as part of an Alt or BR, zero is used for cost.

[8]Under the assumption that if there is an access issue in an existing facility the cost to correct the problem would be prohibitive & therefore would not be done as part of an Alt or BR, zero is used for cost.

[9] The Department is publishing figures which illustrate and compare two different layouts for single-user toilet rooms with out-swinging doors. The first presents a layout typically used in new construction; this layout does not comply with 2004 ADAAG water closet clearance requirements. The second is the Department’s presentation of a layout that complies with the 2004 ADAAG requirement for increased water closet clearance, but also uses less overall floor space. The Department expects that the publication of these illustrations together with technical assistance materials will result in many new facilities using the second layout and its reduced space costs. Thus, this requirement is costed with savings in productive space for NC but costs in productive space in ALT and BR on the understanding that a change to such a layout (requiring moving walls) is not be financially feasible in ALT or BR. (See Appendix 2I)

[10] Dwelling units, whether they are located in public housing facilities constructed by or on behalf of state and local government entities (under Title II) or in public or private group homes, halfway houses, homeless shelters or school dormitories (under Title II or III) are covered under the ADA. However, the current ADA Standards do not have specific provisions for dwelling units – only transient lodging. Therefore, all private entities, and those public entities that have elected to comply with ADAAG, are currently subject to the requirements for transient lodging, which are more stringent than the new requirements for dwelling units. Therefore, for these entities, the new requirements will be less stringent.

[11] This requirement will only effect a change for newly constructed amusement rides. No changes will be required to existing rides unless the structural or operational characteristics of the ride are altered to the extent that the amusement ride’s performance differs from that specified by the manufacturer.

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Last updated February 17, 2009