Appendix 3: Cost Estimation Data

A. Numbers of Facilities

The following table shows the data collected on the numbers of facilities in each facility group. Generally, this data is collected from the 2007 U.S. Economic Census for private facilities and the Census of Employment and Wages for public facilities. Some facilities, such as stadiums and convention centers, have other sources as noted in the table below. Data for all facilities were adjusted to estimates for 2010 using growth rates from the February 2010 McGraw-Hill Dodge Construction Potentials Bulletin.

Facility Group Facility data Source
Inns

16,893

% of Traveler Accommodations with less than 10 - 24 guestrooms from Table 10 of the 2002 Accommodation & Food Services Subject Series: Miscellaneous Subjects Report applied to 2007 Economic Census data for NAICS 7211

Hotels

15,111

% of Traveler Accommodations with less than 10 - 24 guestrooms from Table 10 of the 2002 Accommodation & Food Services Subject Series: Miscellaneous Subjects Report applied to 2007 Economic Census data for NAICS 7211

Motels

21,017

% of Traveler Accommodations with less than 10 - 24 guestrooms from Table 10 of the 2002 Accommodation & Food Services Subject Series: Miscellaneous Subjects Report applied to 2007 Economic Census data for NAICS 7211

Restaurants

566,020

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 722

Motion Picture House

4,825

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 512131

Theatre / Concert Hall

9,073

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 7111

Stadiums

431

Data from worldstadiums.com -- 2007 estimate of existing stadiums: 1,725.
In June 2000, it was reported that 75 percent of stadiums were publicly owned. (Coates and Humphreys, "The Stadium Gambit and Local Economic Development.")

Auditoriums

2,597

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 71131

Convention Centers

167

Tradeshow Week Major Exhibit Hall Directory reports there are 417 exhibit halls in the U.S. in 2006, 38% of which are privately owned.

Single Level Stores

811,257

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 448, 451, 453

Shopping Malls

10,077

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 5311203

Indoor Service Establishments

3,851,332

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 446, 447, 522, 523, 524, 525, 541, 5615, 812

Offices of Health Care Providers

547,709

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 621

Hospitals

3,905

American Hospital Association in 2005 estimates 4,400 privately owned hospitals.

Nursing Homes

14,900

In 2004, the CDC's National Nursing Home Survey estimated 14,900 privately owned nursing homes.

Terminal (private airports)

13,900

Oct 25, 2007 Federal Aviation Administration estimate of privately owned airports

Depots

289

Total estimate from Greyhound (2004) and of private train depots (current) = 289

Museums, Historical Sites & Libraries

4,598

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 71211

Parks or zoos

1,288

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 71213 & 71219

Amusement Parks

527

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 71311

Nursery schools - Daycare

74,151

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 6244

Elementary Private Schools

17,200

2002 Estimate of elementary private schools: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2006/2006319.pdf

Secondary Private Schools

2,694

2003 Estimate of secondary private schools: http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2006319

Undergraduate and Postgraduate Private Schools

2,441

2003 Estimate of postgraduate schools: http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d05/tables/dt05_213.asp

Ski Facilities

391

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 71392

Homeless Shelter

8,459

Estimated 87% of 2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 62422, 62423 to be private facilities

Food Banks

4,229

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 62421

Social Service Establishments

64,288

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 6241, 6243

Exercise Facilities

31,650

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 71394

Aquatic Centers /Swimming Pools

12,004

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 61162

Bowling Alleys

4,550

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 71395

Golf Courses (private with public access)

8,759

National Golf Estimate for 2000

Golf Courses (private only)

4,290

National Golf Estimate for 2000

Miniature golf courses

8,750

From telephone interview with Steve Hicks, president of The Miniature Golf Association U.S. (MGAUS)

Recreational Boating Facilities

4,800

2001 National Marine Manufacturers Assoc. (NMMA) estimate; Access Board assumes that 40% are privately owned

Fishing Piers and Platforms

1,583

2007 HDR estimates, based on Michael Thomas and Nicholas Stratis, "Assessing the Economic Impacts and Value of Florida's Public Piers and Boat Ramps" and conversation with the American Sportfishing Association and National Marine Fisheries Service.

Shooting Facilities

4,945

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 1/3 of 7139908

Office Buildings

742,000

824,000 = estimate from EIA's 2003 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey

Elementary Public Schools

65,228

2003 estimate of elementary public schools: National Center for Education Statistics

Secondary Public Schools

22,180

2003 estimate of secondary public schools: National Center for Education Statistics

Undergraduate, postgraduate public schools

1,699

2003 estimate of postgraduate schools: http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d05/tables/dt05_213.asp

Public Housing

25,642

2000 HUD Survey results of 1,282,099 public housing units / 50 units per community = 25,642

State and Local Judicial Facilities (courthouses)

6,305

Based on a survey of the number of courthouses for five largest states and 5 smallest plus six in the middle, based on population. The average number of courthouses per person was then applied to the total US population.

State and Local Detention Facilities (jails)

3,365

Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics 2003, Table 1.98; Census of Jails, 1999, App. Table 1

State and Local Correctional Facilities (prisons)

1,190

Bureau of Justice Statistics, Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2005, October 2008; in Appendix Table 2

Parking Garages

12,984

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 81293

Self Service Storage Facilities

13,994

2007 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 53113

Theatre / Concert Halls (public)

6

2009 Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, NAICS 711110 data extracted April 5, 2010

Stadiums (public)

1,294

75% of stadiums are assumed to be publicly owned. (2007 estimate of stadiums in U.S.)

Auditoriums (public)

143

2009 Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, NAICS 71131 data extracted April 5, 2010

Convention Centers (public)

250

Tradeshow Week Major Exhibit Hall Directory reports there are 417 exhibit halls in the U.S. in 2006, 60% of which are publicly owned.

Hospitals (public)

1,110

American Hospital Association in 2005 estimate.

Nursing Homes (public)

1,200

2004 CDC's National Nursing Home Survey estimate

Museums, Historical Sites & Libraries (public)

9,558

2007 Number of Public Libraries = 9,214 (http://www.ala.org/ala/alalibrary/libraryfactsheet/alalibraryfactsheet1.cfm)  and 2009 Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, NAICS 71212   (historical sites) 71211 (Museums) and extracted April 5, 2010

Parks or zoos (public)

111,025

From Access Board and Census of Earnings and Wages

Homeless Shelter (public)

1,264

Estimated 13% of 2002 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 62422, 62423 as public facilities

Exercise Facilities (public)

1,184

2009 Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, NAICS 713940 Fitness and recreational sports centers 2009 Q3 extracted April 5, 2010

Social Service Establishments (public)

24,879

Assuming 99,516 buildings in 2002, estimated from 2002 Census of Governments, assuming 3 buildings per County Government, 2 building per Municipal Government, 1 per Township Government and 1 per special District Governments. Assume 75% are Office Buildings and 25% are separate social services establishments only.

Aquatic Centers /Swimming Pools (public)

1,637

2002 Economic Census, NAICS Code: 61162

Miniature golf courses (public)

875

From telephone interview with Steve Hicks, president of The Miniature Golf Association U.S. (MGAUS)

Recreational Boating Facilities (public)

7,200

2001 National Marine Manufacturers Assoc. (NMMA) estimate; Access Board assumes that 60% are publicly owned

Fishing Piers and Platforms (public)

1,583

2007 HDR estimates, based on Michael Thomas and Nicholas Stratis, "Assessing the Economic Impacts and Value of Florida's Public Piers and Boat Ramps" and conversation with the American Sportfishing Association and National Marine Fisheries Service.

Office Buildings (public)

74,637

Assuming 99,516 buildings in 2002, estimated from 2002 Census of Governments, assuming 3 buildings per County Government, 2 building per Municipal Government, 1 per Township Government and 1 per special District Governments. Assume 75% are Office Buildings and 25% are separate social services establishments only.

Parking Garages (public)

121

2009 Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, NAICS 81293 Parking lots and garages   2009 Q3 extracted April 5, 2010

Golf Courses (public)

2,438

National Golf Estimate for 2000

Restaurants (public)

7

2009 Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, NAICS 722211 Limited-service restaurants  2009 Q3 extracted April 5, 2010

Amusement Parks (public)

11

2009 Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, NAICS 713110 Amusement and theme parks 2009 Q3 extracted April 5, 2010

B. Annual Growth Rates and Alteration Rates of Facilities

3B1:  Annual Growth Rates

The following table lists the rates of new construction for each facility group. These are determined from the February 2010 Dodge Construction Potentials Bulletin, which counts the number of new construction and major alteration projects for certain facility types. These projects are compared to the data on existing numbers of buildings to determine a growth rate per facility type. If no data is collected on the new construction data, a 1% growth rate is assumed. Facilities which posted growth rates greater than 1.2% were assumed not to be able to sustain such high rates of growth for 15 consecutive years and growth was capped at 1.2%. It is assumed that public facilities have the same growth rate as their counterparts in the private sector.

Facility Group Average growth rates for new construction

Inns

0.12%

Hotels

0.12%

Motels

0.12%

Restaurants

0.05%

Motion Picture House

1.00%

Theatre / Concert Hall

1.00%

Stadiums

1.00%

Auditoriums

1.00%

Convention Centers

1.00%

Single Level Stores

0.05%

Shopping Malls

0.05%

Indoor Service Establishments

0.05%

Offices of Health Care Providers

0.13%

Hospitals

0.13%

Nursing Homes

0.13%

Terminal (private airports)

1.00%

Depots

1.00%

Museums, Historical Sites & Libraries

1.20%

Parks or zoos

1.00%

Amusement Parks

1.00%

Nursery schools - Daycare

1.00%

Elementary Private Schools

0.76%

Secondary Private Schools

0.76%

Undergraduate and Postgraduate Private Schools

0.76%

Ski Facilities

1.00%

Homeless Shelter

1.00%

Food Banks

1.00%

Social Service Establishments

1.00%

Exercise Facilities

1.00%

Aquatic Centers /Swimming Pools

1.00%

Bowling Alleys

1.00%

Golf Courses (private with public access)

1.00%

Golf Courses (private only)

1.00%

Miniature golf courses

1.00%

Recreational Boating Facilities

1.00%

Fishing Piers and Platforms

1.00%

Shooting Facilities

1.00%

Office Buildings

0.03%

Elementary Public Schools

0.76%

Secondary Public Schools

0.76%

Undergraduate, postgraduate public schools

0.76%

Public Housing

1.00%

State and Local Judicial Facilities (courthouses)

0.56%

State and Local Detention Facilities (jails)

0.56%

State and Local Correctional Facilities (prisons)

0.56%

Parking Garages

1.00%

Self Service Storage Facilities

1.00%


3B2:  Facility Alteration Rates

The following tables show the alterations rates used for the alterations schedule of the facility types included in the Final RIA. The first table below shows the alterations rates calculated from historical data on when buildings were constructed for specified building types in the EIA's 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey and given the alterations schedule shown on the second row (e.g. 15 years for lodging facilities). The second table shows how the assumptions made for each of these building types applied to each of the facility types.

Category Lodging Strip shopping mall Enclosed mall Public order and safety Outpatient health care Nursing Inpatient health care Office Average
Alterations

15 years

40 years

40 years

40 years

40 years

40 years

40 years

40 years

40 years

2010

6.845%

2.431%

4.258%

1.569%

1.315%

2.728%

2.308%

2.014%

1.993%

2011

6.845%

2.431%

4.258%

1.569%

1.315%

2.728%

2.308%

2.014%

1.993%

2012

6.845%

2.431%

4.258%

1.569%

1.315%

2.728%

2.308%

2.014%

1.993%

2013

6.845%

2.431%

4.258%

1.569%

1.315%

2.728%

2.308%

2.014%

1.993%

2014

6.845%

2.431%

4.258%

1.569%

1.315%

2.728%

2.308%

2.014%

1.993%

2015

5.500%

2.431%

4.258%

1.569%

1.315%

2.728%

2.308%

2.014%

1.993%

2016

5.500%

2.431%

4.258%

1.569%

1.315%

2.728%

2.308%

2.014%

1.993%

2017

5.500%

2.431%

4.258%

1.569%

1.315%

2.728%

2.308%

2.014%

1.993%

2018

5.500%

2.431%

4.258%

1.569%

1.315%

2.728%

2.308%

2.014%

1.993%

2019

5.533%

2.431%

4.258%

1.569%

1.315%

2.728%

2.308%

2.014%

1.993%

2020

6.976%

2.832%

1.941%

2.007%

1.564%

1.221%

2.237%

2.097%

2.114%

2021

7.760%

2.894%

1.941%

2.211%

1.668%

1.256%

2.381%

2.495%

2.401%

2022

7.760%

2.894%

1.941%

2.211%

1.668%

1.256%

2.381%

2.495%

2.401%

2023

7.760%

2.894%

1.941%

2.211%

1.668%

1.256%

2.381%

2.495%

2.401%

2024

7.760%

2.894%

1.941%

2.211%

1.668%

1.256%

2.381%

2.495%

2.401%

2025

7.843%

2.894%

1.941%

2.211%

1.668%

1.256%

2.381%

2.495%

2.401%

2026

7.843%

3.086%

1.985%

2.724%

2.605%

1.672%

4.084%

2.730%

2.746%

2027

7.843%

3.086%

1.985%

2.724%

2.605%

1.672%

4.084%

2.730%

2.746%

2028

7.843%

3.086%

1.985%

2.724%

2.605%

1.672%

4.084%

2.730%

2.746%

2029

7.843%

3.086%

1.985%

2.724%

2.605%

1.672%

4.084%

2.730%

2.746%

2030

6.498%

2.201%

0.539%

3.406%

3.958%

3.067%

2.499%

2.604%

2.746%

Type Facilities with different than "Average" Alteration Schedules
Lodging

Inns

Hotels

Motels

Strip shopping mall

Single Level Stores

Enclosed mall

Shopping Malls

Public order and safety

State and Local Detention Facilities (jails)

State and Local Correctional Facilities (prisons)

Outpatient health care

Offices of Health Care Providers

Nursing

Nursing Homes

Inpatient health care

Hospitals

Office

Office Buildings

Average

All Other Facilities

C. Assumptions With Respect to Estimated Typical Facility Size

This table includes with the Department's architects' assumptions on the typical facility size of each facility grouping in order to determine the estimated number of elements per facility. These assumptions were reviewed by the Cost RAP panelists. The estimated typical facility size was then used to infer the number of elements now subject to new or revised requirements (number of bathrooms, handrails, etc). The publicly owned counterparts of the facilities listed below are assumed to be the same facility size.

Item Facility Type Assumptions (Units, Space, Seats, Rooms, Seats, Acres, Etc) Median Size
A

Inns

Rooms: 5-30; 2 story, no elevator

16 rooms

B

Hotels

Rooms: 50-1,000; 8 stories

150 rooms

C

Motels

Rooms: 20-150; 2 story

80 rooms

D

Restaurants, bars, or other establishments serving food or drink

Seats: 10-300     

100 seats

E

Motion Picture Houses

Seats: 50-300/screen X 6 screens (3 screens have between 150 and 300 seats) 

800-1000 seats total

F

Theatre / Concert Hall

Seats: 500-2,000; 2 story

800-1000 seats

G

Stadiums

Seats: 5,000-80,000; 3 story, 10 hospitality suites

25,000 seats

Differs for outdoor / indoor

H

Auditoriums

Seats: 35-250; 1 story

100 seats

I

Convention Centers

SF: 25,000-1,000,000; 2 story, 5,000 occupants, four exhibit spaces @ 75,000 ea., 75,000 SF administrative space

375,000 SF

J

Single Level Stores (including bakeries, grocery stores, clothing stores, hardware stores, or other single-level sales or rental establishments)

SF: 100-200,000

25,000 SF

K

Shopping Malls

SF: 200,000-4,000,000; 2 story, 3 anchor stores

750,000 SF

L

Indoor Service Establishments (including laundromats, dry cleaners, banks, barber shops, beauty shops, and travel services)

SF: 100-10,000; 1 story

5,000 SF

M

Offices of Health Care Providers

SF: 20 rooms @ 150 ea.

3,000 SF

N

Hospitals

Beds; four story

400 beds in small MSA

O

Nursing Homes

Beds; two story

150 beds

P

Terminals (private airports)

SF (airport); three story, two gate piers

750,000 SF

Q

Depots

SF (rail, bus); two story

25,000 SF

R

Museums, Historical Sites & Libraries

SF: 85,000-350,000; 2 story, 100 seat auditorium

200,000 SF

S

Parks or zoos

Acre; 18 buildings

800 acres

T

Amusement Parks

Acre (by comparison to parks); 30 rides, 2 theaters

500 acres

U

Nursery schools -Day care

SF: 2 rooms @ 250 + 500

1,000 SF

V

Elementary Private Schools

SF: 20 rooms @ 200 + 800; 300 students

5,000 SF

W

Secondary Private schools

SF: 2 x elem.; 2 story, 700 students

10,000 SF

X

Undergraduate and Postgraduate Private Schools

SF: 4 x 2ndary + dorm + athletic facility

4 ed bldgs + 4 dorms (2,400 students, 1,200 on site)

160,000 SF

Y

Ski Facilities

SF: 25 people x 50/SF

1,250 SF

Z

Homeless Shelter

SF: 20 people x 50/SF

1,000 SF

AA

Food Banks

SF

2,500 SF

AB

Social Service Establishments

SF

1,000 SF

AC

Exercise Facilities

SF: 5,000 to 40,000

20,000 SF

AD

Aquatic Centers / Swimming Pools

SF; two pools and one wading pool

20,000 SF

AE

Bowling Alleys

SF: 20 lanes + support

9,000 SF

AF

Golf Courses (private with public access)

Course length in yards for 18 holes

6,000 SF

AG

Golf Courses (private only)

Course length in yards for 18 holes

6,000 SF

AH

Miniature Golf Courses

Acres

1 acre

AI

Recreational Boating Facilities

Boat slips

250 slips

AJ

Fishing Piers and Platforms

SF

150 SF

AK

Shooting Facilities

SF

5,000 SF

AM

Office Buildings

SF (from Access Board); 4 story

200,000 SF

AN

Elementary Public Schools

SF: 30 rooms @ 200 + 1,000, 450 students

70,000 SF

AO

Secondary Public Schools

SF: 2 x private 2ndary, 2 story, 1,400 students

200,000 SF

AP

Undergraduate, postgraduate public schools

SF: 20 educational bldgs + 10 dorms + athletic facility (9,600 students, 4,800 on site)

680,000 SF

AQ

Public Housing

Dwelling units; 5 story

100 units

AR

State and Local Judicial Facilities (courthouses)

SF: 4 courtroom courthouse; 3 story

15,000 SF

AS

State and Local Detention Facilities (jails)

20 cells @ 80 sf/cell + admin; 2 story

2,400 SF

AT

State and Local Correctional Facilities (prisons)

SF: 750 inmates @ 1.66 per cell = 450 cells; 6 cell blocks; 2-story cell blocks

120,000 SF

AU

Parking Garages

4 story

4 story

AV

Self Service Storage Facilities

2 story, 200 units, 5 unit types (sizes)

200 units

D. Description of Element

This table describes the elements that are subject to a requirement in terms of a unit, in order to determine the unit cost for each requirement. The unit is defined by the Department's architects. For those elements marked "N/Q", it is assumed they are not quantifiable.

ID Requirement Element

1

Public Entrances

60% of entrances at newly constructed facilities instead of equal to number of required exits; one accessible door

2

Maneuvering clearance/standby power for auto doors

hinged, power operated doors

3

Automatic Door Break-Out Openings

automatic sliding door panels

4

Thresholds at Doorways

exterior sliding doors

5

Door and Gate Surfaces

gates and exterior metal frame, glass panel doors ("storefront")

6

Location of Accessible Routes

N/Q

7

Common Use Circulation Paths in Employee Work Areas

work areas greater than 1,000 sf

8

Accessible Means of Egress

difference in number required between ADA Standards and 2004 ADAAG

9-10

Stairs

egress stairs in buildings over two stories, or in buildings not qualifying for the elevator requirement exception

11

Handrails along walkways

N/Q

12

Handrails

bottom, wall mounted handrails per egress stair run in buildings over two stories, or in buildings not qualifying for the elevator requirement exception

13

Accessible Routes from Site Arrival Points and Within Sites

routes accessible by vehicle only, platform

14

Standby Power for Platform Lifts

Lift used for accessible egress

15

Power-Operated Doors for Platform Lifts

lifts with side doors serving more than 2 stops

16

Alterations to Existing Elevators

elevators per bank minus one

17

Platform Lifts in Hotel Rooms and Residential Dwelling Units

locations where provided by choice (not because required)

18

"LULA" and Private Residence Elevators

occurrence of LULA installation when elevator is not required

19

Van Accessible Parking Spaces

tabular value based on parking provided from 2004 ADAAG minus tabular value based on parking provided from ADA Standards

20

Valet Parking and Mechanical Access Parking Garages

accessible valet spaces OR passenger loading zones at mechanical access garages

22

Direct Access Entrances from Parking Structures

total minus one

23

Passenger Loading Zones

passenger loading zones

24

Parking Spaces

passenger loading zones (option for provision of instead of parking spaces)

25

Parking Spaces (Signs)

space no longer required to have sign (or accessible space sign)

26

Passenger Loading Zones at Medical and Long-Term Care Facilities

Accessible loading zone

27

Ambulatory Accessible Toilet Compartments

men's toilet rooms where number of urinals plus toilets brings total waste repository fixture count to more than 5

29

Shower Spray Controls

accessible showers

30

Urinals

single urinal toilet rooms

31

Multiple Single-User Toilet Rooms

50% of clustered toilet rooms by gender

32

Water Closet Clearance in Single-User Toilet Rooms with In-Swinging Doors

single user toilet and bath rooms

33

Water Closet Location and Rear Wall Grab Bar

N/Q

34

Patient Toilet Rooms

ICU/CCU toilet rooms

35

Drinking Fountains

side approach fountains

36

Sinks

accessible sinks minus 1 - when 20 or more are present

37

Side Reach

50% of all "reachable" elements (excluding light switches and most outlets)

38 / 39

Sales and Service Counters

sales / service counters requiring forward approach

40 -41

Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers

where 4 or more appliances of each type are present

42

Self-Service Storage Facility Spaces

5% of storage facilities present (by type) minus 1

43

Limited Access Spaces and Machinery Spaces

spaces to which access is no longer required by ADAAG

44

Operable Parts

occurrence of exceptions listed under 205.1 (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8)

45

Bathrooms in Accessible Guest Rooms (vanities and water closet clearances)

comparable vanity and required water closet clearances– assumed that bathroom has an out-swinging door

46

Operable Windows

public access windows in accessible spaces

47 - 48

Dwelling Units with Communication Features [1991] / [UFAS]

all

49

Galley Kitchen Clearances

increased clearance requirements to 60 inches

50

Shower Compartments

accessible showers

51

Location of accessible routes to stages

routes

52

Wheelchair space overlap in assembly areas

wheelchair spaces

53

Lawn seating in assembly areas

difference in number required between Standards and ADAAG

54

Aisle stairs and aisle ramps in assembly areas

stairs not currently required to meet ADA Standards / ramps not required to be accessible

55

Wheelchair spaces in assembly areas

tabular value based on seating capacity from Standards minus tabular value based on seating capacity from ADAAG/ABAAG

56

Accessible Routes to Restaurants and Cafeteria - tier dining in sports facilities

dining tiers

57

Accessible Routes to Press Boxes

boxes at 500 sf (total) or smaller

58

Public TTYs

all banks of 4 or more telephones minus 1 (bank)

59

Public telephone volume controls

75% of phones

60

Two-way communication systems

systems

61

ATM and fare machines

ATMs and transportation (e.g. metro) ticket vendors

62

Assistive listening systems (technical)

 number of hearing-aid compliant receivers and related accessories

63

Visual alarms in alterations to existing facilities

N/Q

64 - 65

Detectable warnings

at curb ramps, hazardous vehicular ways, and reflecting pools

66

Assistive listening systems (scoping)

4% of seats minus tabular value of seating capacity; receivers required by ADAAG

67

Accessible courtroom stations

anticipated combination of stations by courtroom size

68

Accessible witness stands

stands

69

Accessible/adaptable raised courtroom stations

judges bench, clerk stations

70

Accessible route to exercise machines and equipment

route per exercise space

71

Accessible exercise machines and equipment

1 of each type of machine/equipment

72 & 111

Accessible saunas and steams rooms

accessible amenities

73

Accessible lockers

5% of lockers present (by type) minus 1

74

Accessible dressing, fitting, or locker rooms

Accessible door and floor space

75

Wheelchair space in team or player seating areas

wheelchair spaces

76

Accessible route connecting both sides of court

Accessible route

77

Accessible route to bowling lanes

Accessible route to 5% of lanes

78

Turning space at shooting facilities with firing positions

5% of spaces provided

79 & 112

Primary Accessible means of entry to pools

1 entry at pools less than 300 ft perimeter, 2 where larger

80

Sloped accessible means of entry to wading pools

Wading pool

81

Accessible means of entry to spas

spas

82

Accessible route to boat slips and boarding piers

tabular value of slips present plus 5% of piers present

83-84

Accessible boarding piers at boat launch ramps

minimum 1 or 5% of total present

85-86

Accessible boat slips

tabular value

87

Accessible route to fishing piers and platforms

Accessible route

88

Accessible fishing piers and platforms

piers and platforms

89

Accessible route connecting accessible elements

cart path

90-91

Accessible teeing grounds, putting greens, weather shelters at golf courses

Accessible entrance/exit to amenities provided

92

Accessible practice greens/grounds/stations at driving ranges

Accessible entrance/exit to each amenity provided

93

Accessible route to mini golf holes

Accessible route to accessible holes

94

Accessible mini golf holes

50% of holes present

95

Accessible route to rides

Accessible route to ride

96

Wheelchair space, transfer seat or device for each ride

Clear area for ride entry and transfer seat/device

97

Maneuvering space in each loading/unloading area

Clear area for loading/unloading

98

Signs

Signs

99, 101 & 103

Accessible route to play components

Accessible route to ground and elevated components required to be accessible

100,102 & 104

Accessible play components

Accessible ground or elevated components and any required transfer system or ramp

106

Post Secondary School Multi-Story Dorm Facility

Elevator (in New Construction only)

107

Mobility Accessible Prison Cell

Accessible prison cells

108

Communication Accessible Prison Cell

Accessible prison cells

109

Social Service Establishments – Elevator Access (NC)

Elevator

110

Social Service Establishments – Clear Floor Space around Beds

Floor Clearance around Beds

113

Housing at Places of Education – Kitchen Turning Space

Enlarged turning spaces

114

Housing at Places of Education – Kitchen Work Surfaces

Lowered section of counter

115 & 116

Secondary Accessible Means of Entry into Pools

Secondary entrance to pool

117

Social Service Establishments – Roll-in Shower

A roll in shower


E. Number of Elements Per Typical Facility

This table shows the most likely values of the estimated number of elements in a typical facility that are likely to be impacted by the requirement. The high and the low values are assumed to be plus and minus 20 percent of the most likely value.

3E1:  Number of Elements per Typical Private Facility

# Requirement Inns Hotels Motels Restaurants Motion Picture House Theatre / Concert Hall Stadiums Auditoriums Convention Centers Single Level Stores Shopping Malls Indoor Service Establishments Offices of Health Care Providers Hospitals Nursing Homes Terminal (private airports) Depot Museums, Historical Sites & Libraries Parks or zoos Amusement Parks Nursery schools - Daycare
1 Public Entrances             1       5                    
2 Maneuvering Clearance or Standby Power for Automatic Doors                 2           2            
3 Automatic Door Break-Out Openings   4 2                     8   48          
4 Thresholds at Doorways 1 7 5                                    
5 Door and Gate Surfaces 1 4 2   3 3 13 3 8 1 14 1 2 8 4   4 4 6 2 2
6 Location of Accessible Routes                                          
7 Common Use Circulation Paths in Employee Work Areas         1   1   2         1   2   1 2 2  
8 Accessible Means of Egress                                          
9 Stairs (NC)   16 4     2 24 2 6   18   2 12   12   3      
10 Stairs (ALT/BR)   16 4     2 24 2 6   18   2 12   12   3      
11 Handrails Along Walkways                                          
12 Handrails 4 32 8   6 4 48 2 12   27   4 24 4 24 10 6 4 30  
13 Accessible Routes from Site Arrival Points and Within Sites     1       2               1 1     1 1  
14 Standby Power for Platform Lifts             2                            
15 Power-Operated Doors for Platform Lifts             2                            
16 Alterations to Existing Elevators   1         1   2         3 1 3          
17 Platform Lifts in Hotel Guest Rooms and Dwelling Units                                          
18 "LULA" and Private Residence Elevators                                          
19 Van Accessible Parking Spaces             1   1   1     1   6     1 6  
20 Valet Parking Garages   2   1   2                   2          
21 Mechanical Access Parking Garages                                          
22 Direct Access Entrances from Parking Structures                 1   2         1          
23 Passenger Loading Zones 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1   1     2 1 8 1 1 1 1 1
24 Parking Spaces   1   1 1 1 1   1   1     1 1 1   1 1 1  
25 Parking Spaces (Signs)                                          
26 Passenger Loading Zones (Medical / Long-Term Care)                           1 1            
27 Ambulatory Accessible Toilet Compartments         1 2   1 1   1     1   1     1 2  
28 Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - out swinging door           4 20         2 3 10 38 2     1 2 2
29 Shower Spray Controls   2 1     4 9             12 40 2     2 2  
30 Urinals 1   1 1           1   1 1   1   1 1      
31 Multiple Single-User Toilet Rooms           3             3 1              
32 Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - in swinging door       2 2   8 2 4 2 2     8 2 2 2 4 2 2  
33 Water Closet Location and Rear Grab Bar 1 7 5                                    
34 Patient Toilet Rooms                           2              
35 Drinking Fountains                                          
36 Sinks                                          
37 Side Reach 8 30 23 3 6 12 110 4 48 5 16 6 10 51 86 60 6 13 21 22 14
38 Sales and Service Counters (NC) 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 7   3 1 1       20 3 3 13 30  
39 Sales and Service Counters (Alt) 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 7   3 1 1       20 3 3 13 30  
40 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (technical)                                          
41 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (Scoping)                                          
42 Self-Service Storage Facility Spaces                                          
43 Limited Access Spaces and Machinery Spaces   3   1 2 2 1 1 2 1 8   1 3 2 3 1 2 4 1  
44 Operable Parts 1               120       1 3 1           1
45 Bathrooms in Accessible Guest Rooms (vanities and water closet clearances) 1 7 5                                    
46 Operable Windows 1 7 5                                    
47 Dwelling Units with Communication Features [1991]                                          
48 Dwelling Units with Communication Features [UFAS]                                          
49 Galley Kitchen Clearances                                          
50 Shower Compartments with Mobility Features   2 1     4 9             12 40 2     2 2  
51 Location of Accessible Route to Stages           1   1 2                     2  
52 Wheelchair Space Overlap in Assembly Areas         26 8 136 4           5       4   11  
53 Lawn Seating in Assembly Areas                                          
54 Handrails on Aisle Ramps in Assembly Areas         6 2 8 2                   1 1 2  
55 Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas         3 1 115                            
56 Accessible Route to Tiered Dining Areas in Sports Facilities (NC)             1                            
57 Accessible Route to Press Boxes                                          
58 Public TTYS             1   1   1         2          
59 Public Telephone Volume Controls   3     3 3 1   12   4     6 1 22 3     3  
60 Two-Way Communication Systems at Entrances     1                                    
61 ATMs and Fare Machines   1         1   1   1 1                  
62 Assistive Listening Systems (technical)   2     9 8 72 2 22         2       2   8  
63 Visible Alarms in Alterations to Existing Facilities 1                                        
64 Detectable Warnings (scoping) 1 3 6 1 1 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 2 4 1 6 3 2 4 8 1
65 Detectable Warnings (technical)                                       1  
66 Assistive Listening Systems (scoping)         3 2 715   85         6       2      
67 Accessible Courtroom Stations                                          
68 Accessible Attorney Areas and Witness Stands                                          
69 Raised Courtroom Stations Not for Members of the Public                                          
70 Accessible Route to Exercise Machines and Equipment   1  1                     1              
71 Accessible Exercise Machines and Equipment   3 3                     10              
72 Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (NC)           2                            
73 Accessible Lockers             4                         4  
74 Accessible Dressing Rooms, Fitting Rooms, or Locker Rooms                   1                      
75 Wheelchair Spaces in Team or Player Seating Areas             2                            
76 Accessible Route in Court Sport Facilities                                          
77 Accessible Route to Bowling Lanes                                          
78 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions                                          
79 Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (NC/ALT)   1 1                                    
80 Accessible Means of Entry to Wading Pools                                          
81 Accessible Means of Entry to Spas   1         1             1 1            
82 Accessible Route for Boating Facilities                                          
83 Accessible Boarding Piers (NC)                                     1    
84 Accessible Boarding Piers (ALT/BR)                                     1    
85 Accessible Boat Slips (NC)                                          
86 Accessible Boat Slips (Alt/BR)                                          
87 Accessible Route to Fishing Piers                                     1    
88 Accessible Fishing Piers and Platforms                                     1    
89 Accessible Route to Golf Courses                                          
90 Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens and Weather Stations at Golf Courses(Alt/BR)                                          
91 Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens and Weather Stations at Golf Courses(NC)                                          
92 Accessible Practice Grounds at Driving Ranges                                          
93 Accessible Route to Mini Golf Holes                                          
94 Accessible to Mini Golf Holes                                          
95 Accessible Route to Amusement Rides                                       30  
96 Wheelchair Space, Transfer Seat or Transfer Device for Amusement Ride                                       30  
97 Maneuvering Space in Load and Unload Area of Amusement Ride                                       30  
98 Signs at Amusement Rides                                       30  
99 Accessible Route to Play Components (BR)     1 (small) 1 (small)             1 (small)               1 (large) 1 (medium) 1 (small)
100 Accessible Play Components (BR)[1]     1 (small) 1 (small)             1 (small)               1 (large) 1 (medium) 1 (small)
101 Accessible Route to Play Components (ALT)     1 (small) 1 (small)             1 (small)               1 (large) 1 (medium) 1 (small)
102 Accessible Play Components (ALT)     1 (small) 1 (small)             1 (small)               1 (large) 1 (medium) 1 (small)
103 Accessible Route to Play Components (NC     1 (small) 1 (small)             1 (small)               1 (large) 1 (medium) 1 (small)
104 Accessible Play Components (NC)     1 (small) 1 (small)             1 (small)               1 (large) 1 (medium) 1 (small)
106 Post Secondary School Multi-Story Dorm Facility                                          
107 Mobility Accessible Prison Cell                                          
108 Communication Accessible Prison Cell                                          
109 Social Service Establishments – Elevator Access (NC)                                          
110 Social Service Establishments – Clear Floor Space around Beds                                          
111 Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (ALT/BR)   1         2                            
112 Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (BR)   1 1                                    
113 Housing at Places of Education – Kitchen Turning Space                                          
114 Housing at Places of Education – Kitchen Work Surfaces                                          
115 Secondary Accessible Means of Entry into Pools (NC/ALT)                                          
116 Secondary Accessible Means of Entry into Pools (BR)                                          
117 Social Service Establishments – Roll-in Shower                                          

3E1:  Number of Elements per Typical Private Facility (continued)

    Elementary Private Schools Secondary Private Schools Undergraduate and Postgraduate Private Schools Ski Facilities Homeless Shelter Food Banks Social Service Establishments Exercise Facilities Aquatic centers /Swimming Pools Bowling Alleys Golf Courses (private public access) Golf Courses (private only) Miniature golf courses Recreational Boating Facilities Fishing Piers and Platforms Shooting Facilities Office Buildings Parking Garages Self Service Storage Facilities
# Requirement                                      
1 Public Entrances                                      
2 Maneuvering Clearance or Standby Power for Automatic Doors                                      
3 Automatic Door Break-Out Openings                                      
4 Thresholds at Doorways                                      
5 Door and Gate Surfaces 4 8 48 4 2 1 1 4 4 4 2 2       2 4   2
6 Location of Accessible Routes                                      
7 Common Use Circulation Paths in Employee Work Areas                                      
8 Accessible Means of Egress                                      
9 Stairs (NC)     48                           6 6 2
10 Stairs (ALT/BR)     48                           6 6 2
11 Handrails Along Walkways                                      
12 Handrails   8 96         4 4       4       18 12 4
13 Accessible Routes from Site Arrival Points and Within Sites                     1 1   1   1     1
14 Standby Power for Platform Lifts                                      
15 Power-Operated Doors for Platform Lifts                                      
16 Alterations to Existing Elevators     1                           3   1
17 Platform Lifts in Hotel Guest Rooms and Dwelling Units                                      
18 "LULA" and Private Residence Elevators                                      
19 Van Accessible Parking Spaces                                      
20 Valet Parking Garages                                      
21 Mechanical Access Parking Garages                                   1  
22 Direct Access Entrances from Parking Structures                                      
23 Passenger Loading Zones 1 1 2 1                         1    
24 Parking Spaces     1     1                     1    
25 Parking Spaces (Signs)                                      
26 Passenger Loading Zones (Medical / Long-Term Care)                                      
27 Ambulatory Accessible Toilet Compartments   1 2         1 1                    
28 Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - out swinging door 1 4 4 1 2 1         2 2              
29 Shower Spray Controls   4 60   2     2 2     2              
30 Urinals     4 1                 1            
31 Multiple Single-User Toilet Rooms                                      
32 Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - in swinging door 4 4 10       2       2 4 2 2          
33 Water Closet Location and Rear Grab Bar                                      
34 Patient Toilet Rooms                                      
35 Drinking Fountains     2           1                    
36 Sinks                                      
37 Side Reach 31 62 263   2 4 5 10 11 5 23 25 4 5     38   7
38 Sales and Service Counters (NC)                                     1
39 Sales and Service Counters (Alt)                                     1
40 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (technical)     8                                
41 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (Scoping)     8                                
42 Self-Service Storage Facility Spaces                                     3
43 Limited Access Spaces and Machinery Spaces 1 1 8     1   1 1 1 1 1   1   1 2    
44 Operable Parts 1 12 20 1 1                 10     8    
45 Bathrooms in Accessible Guest Rooms (vanities and water closet clearances) s                                      
46 Operable Windows     22                                
47 Dwelling Units with Communication Features [1991]                                      
48 Dwelling Units with Communication Features [UFAS]                                      
49 Galley Kitchen Clearances     16                                
50 Shower Compartments with Mobility Features   4 60   2     2 2     2              
51 Location of Accessible Route to Stages   1 5                                
52 Wheelchair Space Overlap in Assembly Areas   6 27         4                      
53 Lawn Seating in Assembly Areas                                      
54 Handrails on Aisle Ramps in Assembly Areas   1 4                                
55 Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas     2                                
56 Accessible Route to Tiered Dining Areas in Sports Facilities (NC)                                      
57 Accessible Route to Press Boxes   1 2                                
58 Public TTYS                                      
59 Public Telephone Volume Controls     10                                
60 Two-Way Communication Systems at Entrances                                      
61 ATMs and Fare Machines                                      
62 Assistive Listening Systems (technical)   4 16                                
63 Visible Alarms in Alterations to Existing Facilities                                      
64 Detectable Warnings (scoping) 2 4 20 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1   1 2 4 1
65 Detectable Warnings (technical)                                      
66 Assistive Listening Systems (scoping)     9                                
67 Accessible Courtroom Stations                                      
68 Accessible Attorney Areas and Witness Stands                                      
69 Raised Courtroom Stations Not for Members of the Public                                      
70 Accessible Route to Exercise Machines and Equipment   2 2         3                      
71 Accessible Exercise Machines and Equipment   10 20         25                      
72 Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (NC)     2         4 2                    
73 Accessible Lockers   44 19         4 4     2              
74 Accessible Dressing Rooms, Fitting Rooms, or Locker Rooms   1 2         1 1     1              
75 Wheelchair Spaces in Team or Player Seating Areas   2 6         2 2 2                  
76 Accessible Route in Court Sport Facilities                                      
77 Accessible Route to Bowling Lanes                   1                  
78 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions                               1      
79 Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (NC/ALT)   1 2           2                    
80 Accessible Means of Entry to Wading Pools                 1                    
81 Accessible Means of Entry to Spas     1         1 1                    
82 Accessible Route for Boating Facilities                           2          
83 Accessible Boarding Piers (NC)                           2          
84 Accessible Boarding Piers (ALT/BR)                           2          
85 Accessible Boat Slips (NC)                           5          
86 Accessible Boat Slips (Alt/BR)                           5          
87 Accessible Route to Fishing Piers                             1        
88 Accessible Fishing Piers and Platforms                             1        
89 Accessible Route to Golf Courses                     1 1              
90 Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens and Weather Stations at Golf Courses (Alt/BR)                     6 6              
91 Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens and Weather Stations at Golf Courses (NC)                     6 6              
92 Accessible Practice Grounds at Driving Ranges                     1 1              
93 Accessible Route to Mini Golf Holes                         2            
94 Accessible to Mini Golf Holes                         1            
95 Accessible Route to Rides                                      
96 Wheelchair Space , Transfer Seat or Transfer Device for Amusement Ride                                      
97 Maneuvering Space in Load and Unload Area of Amusement Ride                                      
98 Signs at Amusement Rides                                      
99 Accessible Route to Play Components (BR)  [1] 1 (med.)                                    
100 Accessible Play Components (BR)  [1] 1 (med.)                                    
101 Accessible Route to Play Components (ALT)  [1] 1 (med.)                                    
102 Accessible Play Components (ALT)  [1] 1 (med.)                                    
103 Accessible Route to Play Components (NC)  [1] 1 (med.)                                    
104 Accessible Play Components (NC)  [1] 1 (med.)                                    
106 Post Secondary School Multi-Story Dorm Facility                                      
107 Mobility Accessible Prison Cell                                      
108 Communication Accessible Prison Cell                                      
109 Social Service Establishments – Elevator Access (NC)         1                            
110 Social Service Establishments – Clear Floor Space around Beds         1                            
111 Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (ALT/BR)     1         2 1                    
112 Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (BR)   1 1           1                    
113 Housing at Places of Education – Kitchen Turning Space     16                                
114 Housing at Places of Education – Kitchen Work Surfaces     16                                
115 Secondary Accessible Means of Entry into Pools (NC/ALT)   1 1                                
116 Secondary Accessible Means of Entry into Pools (BR)   1 1                                
117 Social Service Establishments – Roll-in Shower                                      

[1] Consistent with the Access Board's regulatory analysis, play areas in this analysis have been modeled based on the following characteristics: "small" play areas are assumed to be located predominately at smaller facilities (i.e., child care centers, restaurants, motels, shopping malls) and to have approximately 8 play components; "medium" play areas are assumed to be located predominately at elementary schools and to have approximately 14 play components; and "large" play areas are assumed to be located predominately at parks and other large entertainment facilities (i.e., zoos or amusement parks) and to have approximately 28 play components. Accessible routes have been calculated to correspond to these respective play area sizes.

3E2:  Number of Elements per Typical Public Facility

Elementary Public Schools Secondary Public Schools Undergraduate, postgraduate public schools Public Housing State and Local Judicial Facilities (courthouses) State and Local Detention Facilities (jails) State and Local Correctional Facilities (prisons) Theatre / Concert Halls (public) Stadiums (public) Auditoriums (public) Convention centers (public) Hospitals (public) Nursing Homes (public) Museums, Historical Sites & Libraries (public) Parks or zoos (public) Homeless Shelter (public) Exercise Facilities (public) Social Service Establishments (public) Aquatic centers /Swimming Pools (public) Miniature golf courses (public) Recreational Boating Facilities (public) Fishing Piers and Platforms (public) Office Buildings (public) Parking Garages (public) Golf Courses (public) Restaurants (public) Amusement Parks (public)
#

Req.

                                                     
1

Public Entrances

             

 

1

 

                                 
2

Maneuvering Clearance or Standby Power for Automatic Doors

                   

2

 

2

                           
3

Automatic Door Break-Out Openings

                     

8

                             
4

Thresholds at Doorways

     

5

                                             
5

Door and Gate Surfaces

4

8

180

4

8

4

 

3

13

3

8

8

4

4

6

2

4

1

4

     

8

 

2

 

2

6

Location of Accessible Routes

                                                     
7

Common Use Circulation Paths in Employee Work Areas

               

1

 

2

1

 

1

2

                     

2

8

Accessible Means of Egress

                                                     
9

Stairs (NC)

   

270

16

6

 

16

2

24

2

6

12

 

3

               

6

6

     
10

Stairs (ALT/BR)

   

270

16

6

 

16

2

24

2

6

12

 

3

               

6

6

     
11

Handrails Along Walkways

                                                     
12

Handrails

 

10

540

32

12

4

32

4

48

2

12

24

4

6

4

 

4

 

4

4

   

18

12

   

30

13

Accessible Routes from Site Arrival Points and Within Sites

           

1

 

2

     

1

 

1

         

1

     

1

 

1

14

Standby Power for Platform Lifts

       

4

     

2

                                   
15

Power-Operated Doors for Platform Lifts

       

2

     

2

                                   
16

Alterations to Existing Elevators

   

2

1

1

     

1

 

2

3

1

                 

3

       
17

Platform Lifts in Hotel Guest Rooms and Dwelling Units

                                                     
18

"LULA" and Private Residence Elevators

                                                     
19

Van Accessible Parking Spaces

   

2

         

1

 

1

1

   

1

                     

6

20

Valet Parking Garages

             

2

                                 

1

 
21

Mechanical Access Parking Garages

                                             

1

     
22

Direct Access Entrances from Parking Structures

                   

1

                               
23

Passenger Loading Zones

1

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

2

1

1

1

             

1

   

1

1

24

Parking Spaces

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

 

1

1

1

1

1

             

1

   

1

1

25

Parking Spaces (Signs)

     

4

                                             
26

Passenger Loading Zones (Medical / Long-Term Care)

                     

1

1

                           
27

Ambulatory Accessible Toilet Compartments

 

2

10

       

2

 

1

1

1

   

1

 

1

 

1

             

2

28

Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - out swinging door

1

4

6

2

8

   

4

20

   

10

38

 

1

2

               

2

 

2

29

Shower Spray Controls

 

4

180

2

 

4

2

4

9

   

12

40

 

2

2

2

 

2

             

2

30

Urinals

 

1

6

1

1

             

1

1

         

1

         

1

 
31

Multiple Single-User Toilet Rooms

             

3

     

1

                             
32

Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - in swinging door

4

6

24

 

2

     

8

2

4

8

2

4

2

   

2

 

2

2

     

2

2

2

33

Water Closet Location and Rear Grab Bar

                                                     
34

Patient Toilet Rooms

                     

2

                             
35

Drinking Fountains

   

2

                             

1

     

4

       
36

Sinks

                                                     
37

Side Reach

31

62

1,043

35

10

5

10

12

110

4

48

51

86

13

21

2

10

5

11

4

5

 

38

 

23

3

22

38

Sales and Service Counters (NC)

             

2

1

7

     

3

13

                   

1

30

39

Sales and Service Counters (Alt)

             

2

1

7

     

3

13

                   

1

30

40

Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (technical)

   

20

2

                                             
41

Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (Scoping)

   

20

2

                                             
42

Self-Service Storage Facility Spaces

                                                     
43

Limited Access Spaces and Machinery Spaces

1

2

40

1

2

2

3

2

1

1

2

3

2

2

4

 

1

 

1

 

1

 

2

 

1

1

1

44

Operable Parts

1

12

30

7

8

         

120

3

1

   

1

       

10

 

8

       
45

Bathrooms in Accessible Guest Rooms (vanities and water closet clearances)

                                                     
46

Operable Windows

   

82

20

                                             
47

Dwelling Units with Communication Features [1991]

     

3

                                             
48

Dwelling Units with Communication Features [UFAS]

     

3

                                             
49

Galley Kitchen Clearances

   

40

2

                                             
50

Shower Compartments with Mobility Features

 

4

180

2

 

4

8

4

9

   

12

40

 

2

2

2

 

2

             

2

51

Location of Accessible Route to Stages

 

1

21

       

1

 

1

2

                             

2

52

Wheelchair Space Overlap in Assembly Areas

 

7

161

 

8

   

8

136

4

 

5

 

4

   

4

                 

11

53

Lawn Seating in Assembly Areas

                                                     
54

Handrails on Aisle Ramps in Assembly Areas

 

1

8

       

2

8

2

     

1

1

                     

2

55

Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas

   

39

       

1

115

                                   
56

Accessible Route to Tiered Dining Areas in Sports Facilities (NC)

               

1

                                   
57

Accessible Route to Press Boxes

 

1

2

                                               
58

Public TTYS

       

1

     

1

 

1

                               
59

Public Telephone Volume Controls

   

20

1

9

   

3

1

 

12

6

1

                         

3

60

Two-Way Communication Systems at Entrances

     

1

                                             
61

ATMs and Fare Machines

               

1

 

1

                               
62

Assistive Listening Systems (technical)

 

6

59

 

2

   

8

72

2

22

2

 

2

                       

8

63

Visible Alarms in Alterations to Existing Facilities

                                                     
64

Detectable Warnings (scoping)

2

4

80

 

4

1

1

1

4

1

4

4

1

2

4

1

2

1

2

1

1

 

2

4

1

1

8

65

Detectable Warnings (technical)

                                                   

1

66

Assistive Listening Systems (scoping)

   

285

       

2

715

 

85

6

 

2

                         
67

Accessible Courtroom Stations

       

19

                                           
68

Accessible Attorney Areas and Witness Stands

       

4

                                           
69

Raised Courtroom Stations Not for Members of the Public

       

8

                                           
70

Accessible Route to Exercise Machines and Equipment

 

2

4

     

1

       

1

       

3

                   
71

Accessible Exercise Machines and Equipment

 

10

30

     

5

       

10

       

25

                   
72

Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (NC)

   

2

         

2

             

4

 

2

               
73

Accessible Lockers

 

75

29

         

4

             

4

 

4

             

4

74

Accessible Dressing Rooms, Fitting Rooms, or Locker Rooms

 

1

2

                         

1

 

1

               
75

Wheelchair Spaces in Team or Player Seating Areas

 

4

10

         

2

             

2

 

2

               
76

Accessible Route in Court Sport Facilities

                                                     
77

Accessible Route to Bowling Lanes

                                                     
78

Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions

                                                     
79

Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (NC/ALT)

 

1

2

                             

1

               
80

Accessible Means of Entry to Wading Pools

                                   

1

               
81

Accessible Means of Entry to Spas

   

1

         

1

   

1

1

     

1

 

1

               
82

Accessible Route for Boating Facilities

                                       

2

           
83

Accessible Boarding Piers (NC)

                           

1

         

2

           
84

Accessible Boarding Piers (ALT/BR)

                           

1

         

2

           
85

Accessible Boat Slips (NC)

                                       

5

           
86

Accessible Boat Slips (Alt/BR)

                                       

5

           
87

Accessible Route to Fishing Piers

                           

1

           

1

         
88

Accessible Fishing Piers and Platforms

                           

1

           

1

         
89

Accessible Route to Golf Courses

                                               

1

   
90

Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Weather Stations  at Golf Courses(Alt/BR)

                                               

6

   
91

Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Weather Stations at Golf Courses(NC)

                                               

6

   
92

Accessible Practice Grounds at Driving Ranges

                                               

1

   
93

Accessible Route to Mini Golf Holes

                                     

2

             
94

Accessible to Mini Golf Holes

                                     

1

             
95

Accessible Route to Amusement Rides

                                                   

30

96

Wheelchair Space, Transfer Seat or Transfer Device for Amusement Ride

                                                   

30

97

Maneuvering Space in Load and Unload Area of Amusement Ride

                                                   

30

98

Signs at Amusement Rides

                                                   

30

99

Accessible Route to Play Components (BR)  [1]

1 med.

   

1 med.

                   

1 large

                   

1 small

1 large

100

Accessible Play Components (BR)  [1]

1 med.

   

1 med.

                   

1 large

                   

1 small

1 large

101

Accessible Route to Play Components (ALT)  [1]

1 med.

   

1 med.

                   

1 large

                   

1 small

1 large

102

Accessible Play Components (ALT)

1 med.

   

1 med.

                   

1 large

                   

1 small

1

large

103

Accessible Route to Play Components (NC)  [1]

1 med.

   

1 med.

                   

1 large

                   

1

small

1 large

104

Accessible Play Components (NC)  [1]

1 med.

   

1 med.

                   

1 large

                   

1 small

1 large

106

Post Secondary School Multi-Story Dorm Facility

   

5

                                               
107

Mobility Accessible Prison Cell

           

9

                                       
108

Communication Accessible Prison Cell

           

9

                                       
109

Social Service Establishments – Elevator Access (NC)

                             

1

 

1

                 
110

Social Service Establishments – Clear Floor Space around Beds

                             

1

                     
111

Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (ALT/BR)

   

1

         

2

                                   
112

Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (BR)

 

1

1

                             

1

               
113

Housing at Places of Education – Kitchen Turning Space

   

40

                                               
114

Housing at Places of Education – Kitchen Work Surfaces

   

40

                                               
115

Secondary Accessible Means of Entry into Pools (NC/ALT)

 

1

1

                                               
116

Secondary Accessible Means of Entry into Pools (BR)

 

1

1

                             

1

               
117

Social Service Establishments – Roll-in Shower

                             

1

 

1

                 

[1] Consistent with the Access Board's regulatory analysis, play areas in this analysis have been modeled based on the following characteristics: "small" play areas are assumed to be located predominately at smaller facilities (i.e., child care centers, restaurants, motels, shopping malls) and to have approximately 8 play components; "medium" play areas are assumed to be located predominately at elementary schools and to have approximately 14 play components; and "large" play areas are assumed to be located predominately at parks and other large entertainment facilities (i.e., zoos or amusement parks) and to have approximately 28 play components. Accessible routes have been calculated to correspond to these respective play area sizes.

F. Likelihood of Element in a Typical Facility

This table represents the Cost RAP panelists' assumptions and HDR's assumptions regarding the likelihood that a typical individual facility will have each element and will be affected by the incremental change to the requirement. For example, it is assumed that large facilities such as stadiums will be affected by the requirement for public entrances and that 25% of all stadiums are large enough to have the number of public entrance doors that will be affected by the change.

The high and low values that create the range of the likelihood are plus and minus 10 percentage points of the most likely values if the most likely value is less than 50% or plus and minus 20 percentage points of the most likely values if the most likely value is greater than or equal to 50%.         

# Requirement Conditions for change Likelihood that Element at Facility AND Subject to Change for Compliance
1

Public Entrances

Large newly constructed facility (e.g., arenas, stadiums, convention centers, and shopping malls) will have multiple doors intended to be used as public entrances/exits.

25%

2

Maneuvering Clearance or Standby Power for Automatic Doors

Facility (a) with an occupant load of less than 50 persons (b) installs an in-swinging automatic door that serves as part of an accessible means of egress. Some of these small facilities may simply choose not to install an automatic door.

10%

3

Automatic Door Break-Out Openings

Facility (a) installs an automatic door that serves as part of a means of egress (b) that does not have standby power and (c) there are no manual swinging doors serving the same means of egress.

50%

4

Thresholds at Doorways

Newly constructed facility has exterior sliding doors that are part of an accessible route.

50%

5

Door and Gate Surfaces

Newly constructed facility has swinging doors or gates.

Most new doors meet the requirement (but not gates.)

25%

6

Location of Accessible Routes

Facility is designed in such a way that it has a colorable claim that it is infeasible to locate the accessible route in the same area as the circulation path, but will now have to do it anyway.

10%

7

Common Use Circulation Paths in Employee Work Areas

Facility is or was designed to have common use circulation paths in employee work areas that do not overlap or serve as an exit for common use areas (such as employee toilet or locker rooms, break rooms, kitchenettes).

Several exceptions exempt common use circulation paths in employee work areas where it may be difficult to comply with the technical requirements for accessible routes due to the size or function of the area.

10%

8

Accessible Means of Egress

The current guidelines require the same number of accessible means of egress to be provided as the number of exits required by applicable building and fire codes.

10%

9

Stairs (NC)

Facility plans to install an elevator. (Assumed for all facilities with three or more stories.)

90%

10

Stairs (ALT/BR)

Facility has an elevator. (For Alt, assumed for all facilities with three or more stories.)

5%

11

Handrails Along Walkways

Facility chooses to install or replace handrails on non-ramp walkways, and the handrails do not comply. Such handrails are not common.

10%

12

Handrails

Facility has handrails (e.g., on ramps, non-ramp walkways, or stairs).

50%

13

Accessible Routes from Site Arrival Points and Within Sites

For NC, facility would not construct a pedestrian route but for the current requirement. For Alt, facility has or constructs a sidewalk.

80%

14

Standby Power for Platform Lifts

Facility has or will install a platform lift as part of an accessible means of egress.

The revision will primarily affect newly constructed performing arts centers and auditoriums that use platform lifts to provide an accessible route to the stage. Platform lifts are rarely used in the other places permitted in new construction.

For alterations and barrier removal, will only apply to platform lifts permitted to be used as part of an accessible means of egress as required under the current rule.

50%

15

Power-Operated Doors for Platform Lifts

Facility has or installs a platform lift that (a) either serves more than two landings (small %) or does not have doors on opposite sides (requires side entrance) and (b) has sufficient maneuvering clearance. Platform lifts typically serve only one or two landings and have self-closing manual doors on both ends.

20%

16

Alterations to Existing Elevators

Existing facility is large enough to have a bank of elevators (or more than one elevator responding to the same call button).

The revision is expected to have minimal impacts since all the elevators in a bank are typically upgraded at the same time when elevators are altered as part of a planned modernization project.

20%

17

Platform Lifts in Hotel Guest Rooms and Dwelling Units

Facility would have chosen to install an elevator rather than locate all accessible elements on one floor. Few rooms are two stories, and even fewer elect to have an elevator.

3%

18

"LULA" and Private Residence Elevators

For the LULA, facility with two levels has or would install an elevator anyway. For the private residence elevators, dwelling unit has multiple stories (rare).

20%

19

Van Accessible Parking Spaces

Facility has (a) between 200-401 parking spaces in a lot and must put extra space in a different location than the current one; or (b) more than 600 spaces (one extra space). For facilities with more than 3200 spaces, extra spaces start adding up (one extra for every 1800 spaces over 3200).

90%

21

Mechanical Access Parking Garages

Parking facility with mechanical access has no accessible passenger loading zone.

40%

22

Direct Access Entrances from Parking Structures

Facility has an attached parking structure with more than one pedestrian connection and not all are accessible.

40%

24

Parking Spaces

Facility must have a parking lot with such spaces that is accessed by the public.

10%

25

Parking Spaces (Signs)

Facility must (a) have four or fewer parking spaces or (b) be a residential facility with assigned parking spaces.

10%

26

Passenger Loading Zones at Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities

Medical or long-term care facility offers periods of stay longer than 24 hours.

90%

27

Ambulatory Accessible Toilet Compartments

Facility has a men's bathroom with fewer than six toilet compartments but more than six toilets and urinals combined.

50%

29

Shower Spray Controls

Facility has bathtubs or showers that are required to be accessible.

The revision will primarily affect bathtubs and shower compartments in newly constructed hotel guest rooms, patient sleeping rooms, and dwelling units with mobility features.

75%

30

Urinals

Facility has a men's toilet room with only one urinal.

50%

31

Multiple Single-User Toilet Rooms

Facility has multiple single-user toilet rooms (typically provided for specimen collection in medical facilities).

50%

32

Water Closet Clearance in Single-User Toilet Rooms with In-Swinging Doors

 

50%

33

Water Closet Location and Rear Grab Bar

Facility has site constraints requiring the centerline of water closets to be 16 or 17 inches from the wall and/or requiring installation of a shorter grab bar (in latter case, because lavatory is recessed into the wall).

50%

34

Patient Toilet Rooms

Facility has critical care or ICU patient rooms that have toilet rooms.

90%

35

Drinking Fountains

Existing facility has a drinking fountain not used exclusively by children that provides a parallel approach. Most drinking fountains in facilities built since 1992 have forward approach.

20%

36

Sinks

Hotel guest room (or any transient lodging facility) has a kitchen sink or wet bar as well as a cooktop or range (previously, could have been parallel; will now have to be forward).

Non-hotel facility has a wet bar or kitchen sink that is NOT in the same space as a cooktop or range (had to be forward before; can now be parallel).

50%

38

Sales and Service Counters (NC)

Facility has counters providing a forward approach. For low end of range: Existing facility would have to reduce the number of counters to make them 30" long.

30%

39

Sales and Service Counters (Alt)

Facility has counters providing a forward approach. For low end of range: Existing facility would have to reduce the number of counters to make them 30" long.

30%

40

Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (technical)

Facility has washing machines or dryers available for public use that do not provide a forward reach and that have an obstruction that raises the side reach over 34" but not over 36". The revision was made to accommodate currently available machines.

20%

41

Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (Scoping)

Facility has more than 3 washing machines or 3 dryers available for public use.

10%

43

Limited Access Spaces and Machinery Spaces

Facility has a space that either (a) has limited access but no machinery, (b) has machinery but no limited access, or (c) has both limited access and machinery but is still "occupiable."

10%

44

Operable Parts

Facility has these elements.

50%

45

Bathrooms in Accessible Guest Rooms (vanities and water closet clearances)

Transient lodging facility provides non-comparable vanity counter top space and fails to provide required water closet clearances in bathroom of mobility-accessible guest room.

90%

46

Operable Windows

Facility (not residential dwelling or transient lodging units not required to be mobility accessible, or employee work areas) installs or has a window intended to be opened by the room occupants (not employees) in rooms or spaces required to be accessible.

Will primarily affect hotel guest rooms, dorm rooms and patient sleeping rooms with mobility features where the building code or fire or life safety code requires a window in an accessible room to be operable, or the entity otherwise decides to make it operable.

50%

47

Dwelling Units with Communication Features [1991]

Facility is (a) private or (b) public but elected to comply with ADAAG, and chooses to install (or has) a voice communication system at entrances, an alarm system and/or visible alarms.

75%

48

Dwelling Units with Communication Features[UFAS]

Facility is public and elected to comply with UFAS, and installs (or has) a voice communication system at entrances, an alarm system and/or visual alarms.[2]

20%

49

Galley Kitchen Clearances

A facility's kitchen has only one entrance and includes a cooktop or conventional range.

50%

50

Shower Compartments with Mobility Features

Facility has transfer-type showers with molded compartments with rounded bottom edges and/or a 2 inch curb (where recessing it would disturb the slab) or "alternate" roll-in showers (either in non-hotel facilities or in hotels with controls not adjacent to the seat) or roll-in showers with a ½ inch curb.

50%

51

Location of Accessible Route to Stages

Facility has a stage that is directly connected to the seating area by fixed (not portable) stairs.

 77%  (at private elementary and secondary schools); 50% (all other facilities)

52

Wheelchair Space Overlap in Assembly Areas

Facility has wheelchair spaces overlapping circulation paths.

75%

53

Lawn Seating in Assembly Areas

Facility has, constructs or alters lawn or exterior seating area and/or the route to it.

10%

54

Handrails on Aisle Ramps in Assembly Areas

Facility has assembly areas with aisle ramps adjacent to seating that are part of an accessible route.

50%

55

Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas

Facility has an assembly area with more than 500 seats in each type of seating.

50%

56

Accessible Route to Tiered Dining Areas in Sports Facilities (NC)

Newly constructed sports facility has tiered dining areas.

90%

57

Accessible Route to Press Boxes

Facility has a press box that is either (a) located on a bleacher with an entrance on only one level or (b) freestanding and elevated more than 12 feet high. (Small number of facilities.)

50%

58

Public TTYS

Private facility has 4+ public pay phones on more than one floor of a building, or in a bank of telephones (and there is not a TTY within 200 feet on the same floor), or in an exterior location. Public facility has 1 public pay phone on more than one floor of a building, or 4+ phones in a bank of telephones (and there is not a TTY within 200 feet on the same floor), or 4+ phones in an exterior location (if a public rest stop, need only be one). Bus and rail stations that have a public pay telephone at an entrance to the facility. Public rest stops that have at least one public pay phone.

3%

59

Public Telephone Volume Controls

Facility has and/or would have installed non-wheelchair accessible phones without volume controls. (New phones meeting these specifications are currently required under other Federal laws.)[3]

10%

60

Two-Way Communication Systems at entrances

Non-residential facility installs or replaces a two-way communication system at an entrance to the facility or a restricted area.

15%

62

Assistive Listening Systems (technical)

Facility is (a) an assembly area that provides audio amplification or (b) a courtroom, and, in new construction or an alteration, would have installed an assistive listening system that does not meet these specifications.

80%

63

Visible Alarms in Alterations to Existing Facilities

Existing facility that has a noncompliant alarm system undertakes an alteration project that would have been significant enough to amount to "an alteration of a room or space" under 4.1.6(1)(c) so that the entire space would have been required to be made accessible.

30%

64

Detectable Warnings (scoping)

Will primarily affect facilities with large parking lots.

90%

65

Detectable Warnings (technical)

Most rail transit facilities come under DOT's jurisdiction. For purposes of this Final RIA, only rail facilities associated with places of public accommodation (e.g., monorails in amusement parks) have been considered.

90%

66

Assistive Listening Systems (scoping)

For exemption: Facility is an assembly area (other than a courtroom) with an occupant load of at least 50 people but no audio amplification system.

For reduced scoping: Facility is (a) an assembly area that provides audio amplification or (b) a courtroom, and has more than 500 seats

50%

67

Accessible Courtroom Stations

Courtroom has fixed (rather than movable) work stations.

100% of judicial facilities

68

Accessible Attorney Areas and Witness Stands

Courtroom has raised (rather than level) attorney areas and witness stands.

100% of judicial facilities

69

Raised Courtroom Stations not for members of the public

Courtroom has raised (rather than level) stations.

100% of judicial facilities

107

Mobility Accessible Prison Cells

Cells fail to provide required mobility features.

100% of prisons

108

Communication Accessible Prison Cells

Cells have a cell-specific communication feature (such as a dedicated receiver) which is not accessible

10% of prisons

113

Housing at Places of Education – Kitchen Turning Space

Kitchens within housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features (including suites and clustered sleeping rooms)

50% of undergraduate facilities (public and private)

114

Housing at Places of Education – Kitchen Work Surfaces

Kitchens within housing units containing accessible sleeping rooms with mobility features (including suites and clustered sleeping rooms)

50% of undergraduate facilities (public and private)

115

Secondary Accessible Means of Entry into Pools (NC/ALT)

Pools over 300 linear feet

1% at Secondary Schools (public and private), 80% at private swimming pools, 40% at public swimming pools, 68% at private undergraduate, 37% at public undergraduate

116

Secondary Accessible Means of Entry into Pools (BR)

Pools over 300 linear feet

1% at Secondary Schools (public and private), 80% at private swimming pools, 40% at public swimming pools, 56% at private undergraduate, 15% at public undergraduate

117

Social Service Establishments – Roll-in Shower

Facilities with more than 50 beds covered by this part that provide common use bathing facilities

20% at public homeless shelters, 10% at public social service establishments


G. Likelihood of Element in a Typical Facility (Varying by Facility)

For some requirements, the likelihood of an element at a facility and subject to change in order to become compliant under the Rule is assumed to vary by the type of facility (hotel versus store, etc.)  These likelihoods also have a "most likely" value, as well as high and low values which are equal to plus and minus 5% of the most likely likelihood value.

The most likely value is presented in the table below; conditions for the likelihood are shown separately at the end of this table. The facility-requirement matches labeled as N/A represent that the requirement is not typically present in the facility, so the likelihood that a facility would have the element to comply does not apply.

The publicly owned counterparts of the facilities below generally are assumed to have an equal likelihood of an element both existing and requiring change to bring it into compliance with 2004 ADAAG (or other alternate baseline). However, the likelihood of change for the requirements for accessible means of entry to swimming pools (Req. ## 79 & 112), accessible saunas and steam rooms (Req. ## 72 & 111), and play areas (Req. ## 99-104) at public (Title II) facilities in this Appendix take into account estimates of pre-existing compliance (or, in the case of new construction or alterations, projected compliance) with 2004 ADAAG due to overlapping program access requirements. See Section 2.4.1. First, for public Aquatic Centers / Swimming Pools, the likelihood that an accessible means of entry would need to be added (via lift or sloped entry) in order to comply with 2004 ADAAG was reduced by 70% based on sources cited in the Access Board's regulatory assessment for recreational facilities that about 70% of existing pools already provide one or more accessible means of pool entry. Id. Second, for saunas and steam rooms, this same percentage (70%) was used to scale back the likelihood for change both because saunas and steams rooms are frequently co-located with swimming pools at recreational facilities (and thus are assumed to share common accessibility levels and features) and because no public survey data exists for saunas. Third, a series of recently published surveys of play areas at large urban parks and school districts nationwide showed that the vast majority of existing play areas at these facilities, as well as play areas expected to be constructed or renovated over a five-tear planning horizon through 2011, already use (or plan to use) accessible surface materials that are compliant with 2004 ADAAG. See "Playgrounds in the Nation's Largest Urban Park Districts," Henderson Consulting Services, Inc. (March 2006); "Playgrounds in the Nation's Largest School Districts," Henderson Consulting Services, Inc. (March 2006) (both surveys available at http://www.fibar.com/Playgrounds/news.htm). Based on this survey data, the likelihoods for change for public play areas was scaled back by 50% for play areas built since 1992 (when the current ADA Standards for new construction took effect), and 25% for play areas built prior to 1992.   

Facility Groups Valet Parking Garages (Req 20) Passenger Loading Zones (Req 23) Water Closet ... Out-Swinging Doors (Req. 28) Self-Service Storage Facility Spaces (Req. 42) Exercise amenities (Reqs. 71-72) Pools (Reqs. 79-80) Spas (Req. 81) Boating facilities (Reqs. 82-86) Fishing facilities (Reqs. 87-88) Accessible golf (Req. 89-92) Accessible Mini-Golf (Reqs. 93-94) Accessible amusement rides (Reqs. 95-98)  BR Play areas (Reqs. 99-100)  ALT Play areas (Reqs. 101-102) NC Play areas (Reqs. 103-104) Post Secondary School Dorm Facility (Req. 106) Social Service Establishments – Elevator Access (NC) (Req. 109) Social Service Establishments – Clear Floor Space around Beds (Req. 110) Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (ALT/BR) (Req. 111) Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (BR) (Reqs. 112, 116) ATM and Fare Machines (Req. 61)
Inns

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Hotels

5%

10%

50%

N/A

55%

20%

20%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

12%

1%

Motels

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

55%

20%

20%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

5%

3%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

10%

N/A

Restaurants

0.1%

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

5%

3%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Motion Picture House

N/A

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Theatre / Concert Hall

10%

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Stadiums

N/A

50%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

20%

N/A

1%

Auditoriums

N/A

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Convention Centers

N/A

90%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

1%

Single Level Stores

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Shopping Malls

N/A

90%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

5%

3%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

1%

Indoor Service Establishments

N/A

N/A

35%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

3%

Offices of Health Care Providers

N/A

N/A

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Hospitals

N/A

90%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nursing Homes

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Terminal

10%

30%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Depot

N/A

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Museums

N/A

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Parks or zoos

N/A

50%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

20%

20%

N/A

N/A

N/A

20%

5%

20%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Amusement Parks

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

25%

5%

25%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nursery schools/Day Care

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

5%

5%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Elementary Private Schools

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

75%

5%

95%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Secondary Private Schools

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

20%

10%

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

1%

N/A

Undergraduate and Postgraduate Private Schools

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

75%

70%

70%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

75%

56%

N/A

Ski Facilities

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Homeless Shelter

N/A

N/A

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

Food Banks

N/A

N/A

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Social Service Establishment

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Exercise Facilities

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

Aquatic Centers /Swimming Pools

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

20%

60%

N/A

Bowling Alleys

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Golf Courses (semi private)

N/A

N/A

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Golf Courses (private)

N/A

N/A

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Miniature golf courses

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Recreational Boating Facilities

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Fishing Piers and Platforms

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Shooting Facilities

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Office Buildings

N/A

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Public elementary schools

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

40%

3%

48%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Public secondary schools

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

10%

10%

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.3%

N/A

Public post secondary schools

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

80%

70%

70%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

95%

N/A

N/A

20%

50%

N/A

Public Housing

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

27%

3%

25%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

State and Local Judicial Facilities

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

State and Local Detention Facilities

N/A

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

State and Local Correctional Facilities

N/A

10%

N/A

N/A

75%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Parking Garages

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Self Service Storage Facilities

N/A

N/A

N/A

90%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Theatre / Concert Halls (public)

10%

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Stadiums (public)

N/A

50%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

5%

N/A

1%

Auditoriums (public)

N/A

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Convention Centers (public)

N/A

90%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

1%

Hospitals (public)

N/A

90%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Nursing Homes (public)

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Museums & libraries (public)

N/A

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Parks or zoos (public)

N/A

50%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

20%

20%

N/A

N/A

N/A

11%

3%

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Homeless Shelter (public)

N/A

N/A

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

Exercise Facilities (public)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

27%

N/A

N/A

Social Service Establishments (public)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Aquatic Centers /Swimming Pools (public)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

5%

16%

N/A

Miniature golf courses (public)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Recreational Boating Facilities (public)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Fishing Piers and Platforms (public)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Office Buildings (public)

N/A

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Parking Garages (public)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Golf Courses (public)

N/A

N/A

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Restaurants (public)

0.1%

10%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

3%

2%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Amusement Parks (public)

N/A

10%

50%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

100%

13%

3%

13%

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

                        

Conditions for change for the above requirements:

Requirement Number:

70. Accessible Route to Exercise Machines and Equipment: Facility provides accessible exercise machines but they are not on an accessible route. At hotels and motels, these likelihoods are an average of estimates by DOJ architects concerning the likelihood that transient lodging facilities would have exercise facilities that would need a change to become compliant and the survey data submitted by commenters on lodging facilities that have exercise facilities (irrespective of whether they are likely already accessible or not).

71. Accessible Exercise Machines and Equipment: Facility provides exercise machines but they lack adequate clear floor space. Again, at hotels and motels, these likelihoods are an average of the estimated likelihood value by DOJ architects used in the Initial RIA and survey data submitted by commenters on lodging facilities that have exercise facilities (irrespective of whether they are likely already accessible or not).

72. Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (NC): Facility provides a sauna or steam room.

73. Accessible Lockers: Facility provides lockers. Alternate conditions: Facility provides more than 20 of each type of locker (per cluster or facility).

74. Accessible Dressing Rooms, Fitting Rooms, or Locker Rooms: Facility provides dressing rooms, fitting rooms or locker rooms. In existing facilities, the change will apply to dressing and fitting rooms that provide a curtain instead of a door (if they have a door, they would already meet floor space requirements). Alternate conditions: Facility provides more than 20 dressing rooms, fitting rooms or locker rooms (per cluster or facility).

75. Wheelchair Spaces in Team or Player Seating Areas: Facility provides team or player seating area.

76. Accessible Route in Court Sport Facilities: Facility has court with no accessible route connecting both sides of the court.

77. Accessible Route to Bowling Lanes conditions: Facility has more than 20 of each type of bowling lane.

78. Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions conditions: Facility has more than 20 of each type of firing position.

79. Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (NC/ALT): Facility has or would have installed a pool with only inaccessible steps or ladders. Will apply to hotels and schools only with respect to the proportion that have pools.

80. Accessible Means of Entry to Wading Pools: Facility has or would have installed a wading pool with only steps.

81. Accessible Means of Entry to Spas: Newly constructed facility would have installed spa or hot tub with only steps or seating areas. Existing facility has such a spa (most common in hotel hot tubs).Will only apply to facilities that have spas or hot tubs.

82. Accessible Route to Boating Facilities: Facility has or would have been built with no accessible route.

87. Accessible Route to Fishing Piers: Facility has or would have been built with no accessible route.

88. Accessible Fishing Piers and Platforms: Facility has fishing piers or platforms with railings, guards or handrails.

89. Accessible Route to Golf Courses: Facility has or would have been built with no accessible route.

90. Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Weather Stations (Alt/BR):  Existing facility has a putting green, weather shelter, and/or teeing ground. For low end of range:  Terrain is such that it is infeasible to make forward teeing ground accessible.

91. Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Weather Stations (NC): Newly constructed facility will install a putting green, weather shelter, and/or teeing ground.

92. Accessible Practice Putting Greens, Practice Teeing Grounds, and Teeing Stations at Driving Ranges: Facility has or will construct a practice putting green, practice teeing ground, and/or teeing stations at driving range.

99. Accessible Route to Play Components (BR): Will only apply to facilities with "medium" or "large" existing play areas that are assumed to exceed 1,000 square feet.  ("Small" play areas are assumed to be 1,000 square feet or less in size and, therefore, are exempt from regulatory barrier removal requirements.)

100. Accessible Play Components (BR): Will only apply to facilities with "medium" or "large" existing play areas that are assumed to exceed 1,000 square feet. ("Small" play areas are assumed to occupy 1,000 square feet or less and, therefore, are exempt from regulatory barrier removal requirements.)

101. Accessible Route to Play Components (ALT):  Applies to facilities with "small," "medium," or "large" existing play areas undergoing alterations.

102. Accessible Play Components (ALT): Applies to facilities with "small," "medium," or "large" existing play areas undergoing alterations.

103. Accessible Route to Play Components (NC):  Applies to facilities with "small," "medium," or "large" newly constructed play areas.

104. Accessible Play Components (NC):  Applies to facilities with "small," "medium," or "large" newly constructed play areas.

106.  Post Secondary Multi-Story Dorm Facility

109.  Social Service Establishments – Elevator Access (NC)

110.  Social Service Establishments – Clear Floor Space around Beds

111. Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (ALT/BR):  Will only apply to facilities that have existing saunas or steam rooms seating more than two persons.

112. Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (BR):  Will only apply to existing swimming pools at public (Title II) facilities and to existing private (Title III-covered) swimming pools with more than 300 linear feet of pool wall.

H. Unit Costs

Unit costs were developed per requirement to represent the high, median and low costs of compliance for an average facility based on the minimum additional cost required to bring a facility into compliance with 2004 ADAAG from the previous 1991 Standards. If current fire and safety standards exceed the 1991 Standards, then fire and safety are used as the baseline to calculate incremental costs. Not all costs will apply to all facilities. Less stringent requirements would not generate cost savings for existing facilities.

Two notes with respect to unit costs for barrier removal listed in this table bear notation. First, since existing Title-II covered facilities/requirements must comply with program access requirements only, "barrier removal" costs with respect to such facilities or requirements is technically a misnomer. However, for ease of reference, unit costs for modifications to existing such facilities/requirements – irrespective of whether covered by Title II or III – are simply herein referred to as "Barrier Removal Costs."  Second, when a requirement is less stringent in 2004 ADAAG (as compared to the 1991 Standards), it is listed in this table as having zero costs for BR on the common sense assumption that facilities would not undertake to remove an element that was only no longer necessary.

Requirement New Construction Cost -
ADAAG
Alterations Cost -
ADAAG
Barrier Removal Cost  -
ADAAG
Unit Cost Assumptions Criteria Unit Description
L M H L M H L M H
1

Public Entrances

($155)

($207)

($259)

na

na

na

na

na

na

Increase in door size design and operation; Directional & identification signage

3'-0" width door & signage

2

Maneuvering / Standby Power - Auto Doors

$362

$518

$621

$362

$518

$621

$362

$518

$621

Additional wiring required to connect automatic doors to emergency power system. Assumes emergency power system is in place & only wiring is necessary.

Connection to emergency power system

3

Automatic Door Break-Out Openings

$0

$0

$0

$259

$311

$362

$1,553

$2,070

$2,588

Door, frame & hardware design and operation changes

2'-8" width clear

4

Thresholds at Doorways

$0

$155

$311

na

na

na

na

na

na

Change in threshold requirements for sliding doors

3'-0" width door

5

Door and Gate Surfaces

$207

$285

$518

na

na

na

na

na

na

Provide 10" smooth surface @ bottom of door
(kick plates @ low end, door or gate design change @ high end)

3'-0" width door or gate

6

Location of Accessible Routes

$0

$1,035

$2,070

na

na

na

na

na

na

Design cost impacts to incorporate path into design. Assumes no real construction hard cost impacts.

range - 25', 50' & 100' travel distance

7

Common Use Circulation Paths

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

na

na

na

Because the life safety requirements for circulation meet the accessibility standard this will have no cost impact.

100' travel distance

8

Accessible Means of Egress

$0

$414

$828

na

na

na

na

na

na

Signage costs associated with compliance and path for variable distance from building. Other construction hard costs are not impacted because safety requirements already mandate the egress requirement.

range - 0', 50', & 100' travel distance

9

Stairs (NC)

$0

$0

$0

na

na

na

na

na

na

No additional costs for redesign of handrails or treads and risers.

1 run - floor to floor

10

Stairs (ALT/BR)

$0

$0

$0

$3,105

$7,763

$15,525

$3,105

$7,763

$15,525

Cost to add extensions to handrails for low end estimate, to add handrails for middle, and to remove and replace at high end.

1 run - floor to floor

11

Handrails along Walkways

$0

$0

$0

$0

$259

$2,588

$0

$259

$2,588

Railing design and features; low end estimate to remove 50 feet of chain or railing, high end to replace.

50' travel distance

12

Handrails

$0

($52)

($104)

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Cost for handrail changes only. NC is savings realized from shorter extensions. No need to replace in ALT so no cost.

1 run - floor to floor

13

Accessible Routes from Site Arrival

($1,035)

($2,070)

($12,420)

$0

$0

$0

na

na

na

Horizontal surface construction materials and accessible path of travel

range - 50' - 100' - 600'+ travel distance

14

Standby Power for Platform Lifts

$0

$414

$725

$0

$518

$828

$0

$621

$2,588

Lowest cost assumes lift with existing battery; medium assumes wiring to existing power source; high assumes new battery & rewiring required.

1 backup system

15

Power Operated Doors for Platform Lifts

$0

$0

$0

$1,553

$2,588

$3,623

$1,553

$2,588

$3,623

This type of lift would generally not be incorporated into NC designs. The cost for Alt/BR Is for the new doors & wiring involved.

1 door set equipment

16

Alterations to Existing Elevators

na

na

na

$259

$1,553

$2,588

na

na

na

Low cost is for new hoist way marker; median cost is for emergency communication equipment; high cost is for new control panel.

 
17

Platform Lifts in Hotel Guest Rooms

($17,595)

($20,700)

($23,805)

($17,595)

($20,700)

($23,805)

na

na

na

Cost difference between a 2 stop elevator & lift

1 lift - 2 stops vs. elevator

18

LULA Elevators

($17,595)

($20,700)

($23,805)

($17,595)

($20,700)

($23,805)

na

na

na

Cost difference between a 2 stop elevator & a LULA or residential elevator

1 lift - 2 stops vs. elevator

19

Van Accessible Parking Spaces

$155

$207

$466

$155

$207

$466

$155

$207

$466

Low cost is for striping & sign only; High cost is for additional paving, striping & signage.

Van space is 16'-0" wide x 20'-0" long, difference in aisle space is 3 ft by 20 ft

20

Valet Parking / Garages

$155

$259

$1,242

$155

$259

$673

$569

$1,553

$2,588

Low cost is for striping & sign only; High cost is for additional paving, striping & signage. BR includes cost of removing curbs, etc.

5'-0" wide x 20'-0" long

21

Valet Parking / Mechanical Access

$155

$259

$1,242

$155

$259

$673

$569

$1,553

$2,588

Low cost is for striping & sign only; High cost is for additional paving, striping & signage. BR includes cost of removing curbs, etc.

5'-0" wide x 20'-0" long

22

Direct Access Entrances - Parking

$0

$0

$0

na

na

na

na

na

na

The cost of incorporating accessible access to entrances would be part of the design solution & therefore have no cost impact to NC. If there is an access issue in an existing facility the cost to correct the problem would be prohibitive & therefore would not be done as part of an Alt or BR.

range - 30', 75', & 125' travel distance

23

Passenger Loading Zones

$414

$673

$1,242

$673

$932

$1,760

$673

$932

$1,760

Costs include striping, signage & curb cut.

13'-0" wide x 20'-0" long

24

Parking Spaces (addition of loading zones)

$414

$673

$1,242

$673

$932

$1,760

$673

$932

$1,760

Cost to provide loading zone, including include striping, signage & curb cut.

13'-0" wide x 20'-0" long

25

Parking Spaces - Signs

($104)

($104)

($155)

($104)

($104)

($155)

na

na

na

Revision is exemption for signage. This is credit for NC & Alt. Since the regulation is less stringent there should be no BR cost.

1 signage

26

Passenger Loading Zones (Medical)

($15,525)

($51,750)

($103,500)

($15,525)

($31,050)

($51,750)

na

na

na

Deleting the cost of a canopy at loading zones

Canopy 20'x20' & 30'x35'

27

Ambulatory Accessible Toilets

$362

$466

$569

$362

$466

$569

$414

$621

$673

Cost of grab bars & reworking the toilet partition.

Revised HC Toilet Partition w/Grab Bars

28

Water Closet Clearance in Single-User Toilet Rooms with Out-Swinging Doors

$104

$129

$155

$2,070

$3,105

$3,623

$2,588

$3,623

$3,933

NC: cost of added plumbing wall minus space savings; Alt: cost of reworked walls and relocation of fixtures; BR: Same as Alt plus add'l costs for demolition and restoration of finishes.

NC: space savings (1.25 sf), but plumbing required along additional wall; Alt/BR: 6.4 sf (on avg) add'l space required

29

Shower Spray Controls

$155

$207

$259

$155

$207

$259

$181

$233

$285

Cost for shower spray unit with on/off control.

1 fixture

30

Urinals

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Because this is a less stringent requirement & there is virtually no difference in the cost of fixtures, there is no cost impact.

1 fixture - adjust mounting height

31

Multiple Single-User Toilet Rooms

($1,656)

($2,070)

($2,484)

($414)

($828)

($1,242)

na

na

na

Costs assume the reduction in space required to be dedicated to the HC toilet room.

reduced space requirement & grab bars

32

Water Closet Clearance in Single-User Toilet Rooms with In-Swinging Doors

$155

$207

$259

$2,122

$3,209

$3,726

$2,639

$3,726

$4,037

NC: cost of added plumbing wall; Alt: cost of reworked walls and relocation of fixtures; BR: Same as Alt plus add'l costs for demolition and restoration of finishes.

NC: no space impact; Alt/BR:  6.7 sf (on avg) add'l space required

33

Water Closet Location / Rear Grab Bar

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

This is strictly a design issue with no impact on cost.

1 equipment

34

Patient Toilet Rooms

($1,811)

($2,225)

($2,691)

($569)

($983)

($1,397)

na

na

na

Room design changes make it smaller without the grab bars, this a no cost issue.

1 room

35

Drinking Fountains

$0

$0

$0

$466

$673

$932

$2,070

$2,588

$3,002

Cost of fixture is additional + cost of space required. BR assumes demolition added.

1 fixture

36

Sinks, in Hotels

$0

$0

$0

$518

$725

$1,035

$776

$983

$1,087

No cost impact to NC, cabinet credit offsets counter & pipe insulation. Alt/BR is to remove cabinet & lower counter & sink, & provide pipe insulation.

1 fixture

37

Side Reach

$0

$0

$0

$0

$155

$1,553

$52

$155

$1,553

The medium estimate costs moving a non-electrical bathroom element; the high cost assumes adding a hand dryer; the low cost assumes adding a coat hook or paper towel dispenser. Assumed to be a design issue under new construction.

1 fixture/element

38

Sales and Service Counters (NC)

($104)

($207)

($311)

na

na

na

na

na

na

Costs for shorter counters -- 30" instead of 36"

6" to 1'-0" length of counter & base

39

Sales and Service Counters (Alt)

na

na

na

($104)

($207)

($311)

na

na

na

Costs for shorter counters -- 24" instead of 36"

12'length of counter & base

40

Washing Machines

$259

$518

$725

$259

$518

$725

$259

$518

$725

Cost of the accessible washing machine

1 equipment

41

Clothes Dryers

$207

$311

$414

$207

$311

$414

$207

$311

$414

Cost of the accessible clothes dryer

1 equipment

42

Self-Service Storage Facility Spaces

$0

$0

$0

$362

$518

$776

$362

$518

$776

Costs may require moving door for clearances, or installing an overhead door opener.

spaces by size of facility

43

Limited Access Spaces

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

 The change increases the number of exempted spaces; therefore, door, hardware, & design changes have no cost impact.

3'-0" width door

44

Operable Parts

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

There is no cost impact for these elements in NC; they would not have to be changed in either Alt or BR, so there is no cost impact there either.

elements

45

Bathrooms in Accessible Guest Rooms (vanities and water closet clearances)

$0

$0

$0

$104

$1,485

$4,823

$104

$1,941

$5,279

Incremental costs include  added vanity space & added floor space for clearances

Alt/BR: Low – install add'l shelving; Med – relocate 2 fixtures, construct new plumbing chase, and install shelving; High – same as Med plus costs of relocating door and expanding bathroom footprint (8.13 sf) by shifting bath wall 15" into guest room sleeping area

46

Operable Windows

$0

$0

$0

$362

$518

$569

$621

$725

$828

There is no cost impact in NC; Alt/BR will encounter cost of hardware as a minimum.

1 window - 2'-0" width & clear space

47

Dwelling Units with Communication Features [1991]

$466

$569

$1,035

$466

$518

$1,035

na

na

na

Equipment and hardware design and operation (High cost - communication at each unit; Low cost - communication at main) visible signal assumed to be required at units.

elements

48

Dwelling Units with Communication Features [UFAS]

$466

$569

$1,035

$466

$518

$1,035

na

na

na

Equipment and hardware design and operation (High cost - communication at each unit; Low cost - communication at main) visible signal assumed to be required at units.

 
49

Galley Kitchen Clearances

$673

$1,035

$1,553

$673

$1,035

$1,553

$828

$1,242

$1,760

Costs to increase the circulation area of a galley kitchen

Adding 13 SF of room area

50

Shower Compartments

$0

$0

$0

($362)

($518)

($725)

($362)

($518)

($725)

Cost range includes cost of reworking plumbing & possibly replacing a molded shower enclosure. BR costs include removal of curbs.

Shower Stall without curbs exceeding 1/2"

51

Location of Accessible Route to Stages

$0

$0

$0

$8,280

$15,525

$31,050

$8,798

$20,700

$36,225

Low cost includes the cost of a platform lift; high cost is for a ramp. NC has no cost impact since it is only the location of the access that has changed.

1 lift or ramp

52

Wheelchair Space Overlap

$0

$0

$0

$518

$673

$932

$880

$1,242

$1,397

There is no cost impact for compliance in NC. The costs in Alt/BR are for additional space required.

5'-0" x 5'-0" area minimum - could affect aisle

53

Lawn Seating

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

There are no cost impacts for providing direct access to lawn seating since the accessible route does not have run through the seating area.

range - 3'-0" wide by 0' - 50' - 100' length

54

Aisle Stairs and Ramps

($776)

($1,811)

($2,588)

($776)

($1,811)

($2,588)

$0

$0

$0

Reduced handrail requirements will affect NC/Alt.

50' length of handrail

55

Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas

($621)

($1,294)

($1,967)

($259)

($673)

($1,967)

na

na

na

Cost of wheelchair seating in stadium seating (low cost) & luxury box seating (high cost).

5'-0" x 5'-0" area

56

Accessible Routes to Tiered Dining

($5,693)

($10,350)

($25,875)

na

na

na

na

na

na

The cost savings included in the NC are for raising a tier & ramping to that tier, or a wall mounted lift that makes as many as four stops.

1 equipment (range - ramp or lift)

57

Accessible Routes to Press Boxes

($12,420)

($17,595)

($20,700)

($12,420)

($17,595)

($20,700)

na

na

na

Cost for lift and space needed to install

One lift

58

Public TTYs

$1,967

$2,401

$2,691

$1,967

$2,401

$2,691

$2,070

$2,588

$2,795

Cost of one TTY phone

1 equipment

59

Public Telephone Volume Controls

$0

$0

$0

$259

$362

$414

$259

$362

$414

There is no cost impact to NC.

1 public phone with volume controls

60

Two-Way Communication Systems

$1,035

$1,449

$3,105

$1,035

$1,449

$3,105

na

na

na

Cost to add visual signal to secured entrances equipped with audible signals

1 system

61

Automated Teller Machines / Fare Machines

$1,035

$2,070

$3,105

$1,035

$2,070

$3,105

$1,035

$2,070

$3,105

Cost of one conversion kit for ATM machines and installation

1 kit

62

Assistive Listening Systems (technical)

$31

$75

$119

$31

$75

$119

na

na

na

Based on incremental range of costs for FM/IR receiver and accessory combinations

Number of receivers

63

Visible Alarms and Alterations

na

na

na

$0

$0

$0

na

na

na

This work would only be done when the entire Fire Alarm System was being upgraded & therefore the cost of this work has not been included here.

1 system

64

Detectable Warnings

($207)

($259)

($311)

($207)

($259)

($311)

na

na

na

Credit detectable horizontal surface construction materials no longer required

3'-0" length x 6'-0" width

65

Detectable Warnings @ Platform Edges

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Detectable horizontal surface construction material specification changes should have no cost impact

3'-0" length x 6'-0" width

66

Assistive Listening Systems (scoping)

($1,035)

($1,294)

($1,553)

($1,035)

($1,294)

($1,553)

na

na

na

The cost impact is less than the previous requirements credit the cost of 1 receiver

1 device - receiver

67

Forward Approach - Courtrooms

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$518

$1,035

$1,553

This should have no cost impact to NC/Alt, & minimal cost impact to BR

Accessibility Space Required

68

Attorney Areas and Witness Stands

$2,588

$15,525

$25,875

$2,588

$15,525

$25,875

$3,623

$18,630

$31,050

Low cost is for a small ramp, high cost is for a power lift with emergency power connections or battery.

1 equipment with power backup

69

Raised Courtroom Stations

$5,175

$7,763

$10,350

$1,294

$1,967

$2,588

na

na

na

Costs are for the additional space required & the conduit for the future wiring required for a lift. This is for NC or Alt. only.

Accessibility Space Required

70

Exercise—Accessible route

na

na

na

na

na

na

$259

$518

$1,035

Because of the existing life/safety requirements for exiting this should be a no cost design issue in NC/Alt.

travel distance varies by equipment distribution

71

Exercise—Accessible machines

$414

$1,553

$2,381

$414

$621

$828

$518

$725

$1,035

This is a design issue when laying out the location of the machines in both NC/Alt on the low cost end. The high cost end will add SF to the building because of the number of differing types of equipment. Cost in BR for reorganization of equipment location.

Accessibility Space Required

72

Saunas and Steam Rooms (NC)

$0

$0

$0

na

na

na

na

na

na

Assumes no cost to NC because the sauna would be designed to accessibility standards & the cost of an accessible bench is no more than a regular bench.

Accessibility Space Required

73

Accessible Lockers

$0

$0

$0

$259

$414

$621

$362

$518

$725

Costs include all finishes in the accessibility space required. The NC/Alt should have no real impact because it will be a design around issue.

Accessibility Space Required

74

Accessible Dressing Rooms

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$1,035

$1,553

$2,070

BR costs include reworking an existing space to accommodate the accessibility space requirements. The NC/Alt should have no real impact because it will be a design around issue.

3'-0" wide door & space issues

75

Wheelchair Space in Team Seating

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$155

$259

$518

This is a no cost item in NC/Alt. The cost in BR is for moving benches, etc. to accommodate the required accessibility & path of travel.

5'-0" x 5'-0" area

76

Court Sport—Accessible route

$621

$1,553

$2,174

$621

$1,553

$2,174

$932

$1,863

$2,588

NC/Alt & BR cost of new pavement to provide an accessible path of travel

3'-0" wide x 100' length

77

Accessible route to bowling lanes

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$518

$1,035

$1,553

No cost impact on NC/Alt. BR cost impact is only the cost to rework the furniture layout to provide accessibility. This assumes ramps have already been provided or are covered elsewhere.

3'-0" wide x 50' length

78

Shooting Facilities

$0

$311

$518

$0

$311

$518

$311

$518

$725

Costs are for the additional space required. No additional costs should be incurred for providing compliant counters, etc.

1 location

79

Primary Accessible Entry to Swimming Pools (NC/ALT)

$5,175

$10,350

$18,630

$8,280

$15,525

$23,805

na

na

na

The  range of costs for pool lift equipment and installation

1 lift

80

Sloped Accessible Entry to Wading Pools

$23,288

$147,488

$150,075

$25,875

$150,593

$155,250

$25,875

$150,593

$155,250

Cost of ramp complete with handrails & surfacing for wading pool of 33x10, 58x30, and 69x40. Given the amount of space required for proper slope, not possible for smaller sizes.

1 ramp

81

Accessible Means of Entry to Spas

$3,623

$4,658

$6,210

$5,175

$6,210

$8,280

$5,175

$6,210

$8,280

Cost of either steps with rail or a lift

1 item

82

Boating—Accessible route

$1,035

$1,553

$2,070

$1,035

$1,553

$2,070

na

na

na

Additional horizontal surface construction materials for the accessible path of travel. This is assuming that BR will be exempted.

200' travel distance

83

Boating —Accessible piers

$569

$776

$880

na

na

na

na

na

na

Cost to provide 100' of accessible slip (difference between accessible & non-accessible). It is assumed that this would not be feasible in Alt/BR.

5'-0" wide x 100' length

84

Accessible Boarding Piers (ALT/BR)

na

na

na

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Cost to provide 100' of accessible slip (difference between accessible & non-accessible). It is assumed that this would not be feasible in Alt/BR

5'-0" wide x 100' length

85

Boating—Accessible slips (NC)

$259

$311

$414

na

na

na

na

na

na

Cost to provide 1 40' accessible slip (difference between accessible & non-accessible).

1 location

86

Boating—Accessible slips (ALT/BR)

na

na

na

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

Cost to provide 1 40' accessible slip (difference between accessible & non-accessible).

 
87

Accessible Route to Fishing Piers & Platforms

$259

$311

$362

$259

$311

$362

$362

$518

$621

Cost to provide 100' of accessible route (difference between accessible & non-accessible).

100' travel distance

88

Accessible Fishing Piers

$1,035

$1,553

$2,070

$1,035

$1,553

$2,070

$5,175

$7,245

$10,350

Cost to provide lower railing & 30" x 12" edge extension in 25% of 100' of pier

30" x 12" edge of pier ext. & rail

89

Golf Courses—Accessible route

$0

$1,035

$2,588

$0

$1,035

$2,588

$1,035

$2,070

$3,105

Cost of accessible path, low cost assumes that NC/Alt/BR paths will be compliant & only mid & high will have costs. Med cost is for asphalt, high cost is for concrete path.

5'-0" wide x 100' length

90

Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Weather Stations (Alt/BR)

na

na

na

$290

$580

$725

$311

$362

$621

Re-grading & landscaping to  provide golf access to golf element (tee, putting green, or weather station)

70' long x 4' wide, (grass, dirt, packed dirt, or gravel)

91

Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Weather Stations (NC)

$0

$0

$0

na

na

na

na

na

na

Not expected to be an additional incremental cost in new construction.

70' long x 4' wide, (grass, dirt, packed dirt, gravel, etc but not concrete)

92

Golf—Accessible practice areas at Driving Ranges

$0

$0

$0

$0

$1,035

$2,588

$1,035

$1,553

$3,105

Re-grading & landscaping to provide  access to practice area

200' travel distance

93

Mini Golf —Accessible route

$725

$1,035

$1,139

$725

$1,035

$1,139

$2,588

$3,623

$4,140

NC/Alt & BR cost of new pavement to provide an accessible path of travel between holes and to course exit/entrance.

200' travel distance

94

Mini Golf —Accessible holes

$4,658

$9,315

$10,350

$4,658

$9,315

$10,350

$15,525

$25,875

$41,400

NC/Alt & BR cost of new surfacing to provide an accessible path of travel from tee to hole. BR includes costs to re-grade & remove obstacles.

9 holes (50% of an  18-hole course)

95

Amusement Rides—Accessible route

$0

$5,175

$36,225

$0

$5,175

$36,225

$0

$7,763

$51,750

Low cost assumes little to no cost, med a ramp, & high an elevator or lift.

50' travel distance

96

Amusement Rides—wheelchair space

$311

$1,035

$2,588

na

na

na

na

na

na

Construction of location for loading, unloading, & transfer area. NC only Alt/BR are exempt. Low cost for area & bench, high cost for transfer seat.

5'-0" x 5'-0" area

97

Amusement Rides—Maneuvering space

$0

$362

$518

$0

$362

$518

$518

$776

$1,035

This should be a no cost item at the low end of NC/Alt & minimal at the high end.

5'-0" x 5'-0" area

98

Amusement Rides -- Signs

$155

$259

$518

$155

$259

$518

$155

$259

$518

Detectable sign design and surface construction

1 sign

99

Play Areas—Accessible route (BR)

na

na

na

na

na

na

$1,178 (sm)$1,178 (med)

$1,178 (lg)

$1,413 (sm)

$2,572 med)

$4,709 (lg)

$2,260 (sm)

$3,323 (med)

$5,107 (lg)

Incremental cost to add accessible route of 60% mat/ 40%. Engineered wood fiber to added components, transfer system or ramp

See endnote for Play Areas at end of Unit Cost table.

100

Play Areas—Accessible play components (BR)

na

na

na

na

na

na

$362 (sm)

$569 (med)

$2,277 (lg)

$569 (sm)

$1,139 (med)

$3,053 (lg)

$932 (sm)

$1,708 (med)

$5,330(lg)

Incremental costs to add additional ground components or access to elevated play components required to satisfy BR requirements.

See endnote for Play Areas at end of Unit Cost table.

101

Play Areas—Accessible route (ALT)

na

na

na

$0 (sm)

$0 (med)

$0 (lg)

$1,413 (sm)

$2,543 (med)

$4,709 (lg)

$7,651 (sm)

$16,167 (med)

$33,358 (lg)

na

na

na

Same unit cost assumptions for surface materials used on accessible route(s) as per Req. # 99.

See endnote for Play Areas at end of Unit Cost table.

102

Play Areas—Accessible play components (ALT)

na

na

na

$0 (sm)

$0 (med)

$0 (lg)

$518 (sm)

$1,035 (med)

$2,070 (lg)

$1,035 (sm)

$1,139 (med)

$3,002 (lg)

na

na

na

Incremental costs to add any additional ground components required to satisfy BR requirements.

See endnote for Play Areas at end of Unit Cost table.

103

Play Areas—Accessible route (NC)

$861 (sm)

$1,819 (med)

$3,033 (lg)

$4,973 (sm)

$10,508 (med)

$22,744 (lg)

$7,651 (sm)

$16,167 (med)

$33,358 (lg)

na

na

na

na

na

na

Same unit cost assumptions for surface materials used on accessible route(s) as per Req. # 99.

See endnote for Play Areas at end of Unit Cost table.

104

Play Areas—Accessible play components (NC)

$0 (sm)

$0 (med)

$0 (lg)

$518 (sm)

$1,035 (med)

$2,070 (lg)

$5180 (sm)

$1,139 (med)

$3,002 (lg)

na

na

na

na

na

na

Incremental costs to add any additional ground components required to satisfy BR requirements.

See endnote for Play Areas at end of Unit Cost table.

106

Post Secondary School Multi-Story Dorm Facility - Elevator

$72,450

$77,625

$82,800

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

NC cost assumes adding an elevator to the building. Low cost is for a 2 story compliant hydraulic elevator, complete with pit, shaft walls, & machine room; .the cost to add an elevator to an existing building would be excessive & is being considered as exempt.

1 elevator

107

Mobility Accessible Prison Cell

($15,525)

($20,700)

($25,875)

($25,875)

($31,050)

($36,225)

$0

$0

$0

NC costs are for the incremental added square footage, & the ADA accessible toilet. Alt costs include the burden of retro-fitting masonry or concrete walls.

1 cell

108

Communication Accessible Prison Cell

$5,175

$6,210

$7,245

$6,210

$7,245

$8,280

$6,210

$7,245

$8,280

NC/Alt include the cost to install a security type communication system

1 communication system per cell

109

Social Service Establishments – Elevator Access (NC)

($72,450)

($155,250)

($258,750)

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

$0

NC eliminates the need for an elevator (See item 106 for description of elevator). Assumes no impact to Alt/BR

1 elevator

110

Social Service Establishments – Clear Floor Space around Beds

$2,588

$3,623

$4,658

$1,035

$1,553

$2,070

$0

$0

$0

NC/Alt includes the cost of the incremental additional space requirements.

1 Room

111

Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (ALT/BR)

na

na

na

$0

$0

$0

$7,245

$10,350

$20,700

Assumes no cost to Alt because the sauna would be designed to accessibility standards & the cost of an accessible bench is no more than a regular bench.

Accessibility Space Required

112

Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (BR)

na

na

na

na

na

na

$8,280

$15,525

$23,805

The range of pool lift equipment and installation costs

1 lift

113

Housing at Place of Education (aka college dormitories): Turning Space in Kitchen

$0

$43

$94

$0

$43

$90

$499

$674

$768

Cost of providing larger turning space and any needed changes to cabinets and counters; costs assume average of modifications for Pass Through and U- Shaped kitchen layouts.   

1 kitchen –  60" diameter circular turning space or T-Shaped space with 36" min. width

114

Housing at Place of Education (aka college dormitories) - Work Surface in Kitchens

($516)

$0

$3,079

($516)

$0

$3,079

$244

$279

$2,209

Cost of lower counter (34" max. above finished floor) and clear floor space; high end estimate includes increasing footprint by 14.5 sq ft

1 kitchen – 30" min. counter length at compliant height and with required clear floor space

115

Secondary Entrance for Pools (NC/ALT)

$1,120

$2,631

$4,972

$1,940

$3,491

$5,792

na

na

na

The cost to add accessible pool stairs

One set of accessible pool stairs

116

Secondary Entrance for Pools (BR)

na

na

na

na

na

na

$1,940

$3,491

$5,792

The cost to add accessible pool stairs to existing pools

One set of accessible pool stairs

117

Roll-In Showers at Social Service Establishments

$156

$167

$184

$156

$167

$184

$1,120

$1,385

$1,689

NC/ALT:  average cost of adding a seat or changing Transfer Shower to a roll-in shower with seat; BR: average of NC/ALTcosts adjusted for 10% likelihood that required modifications would include converting a bathtub with seat into a roll-in shower with seat.

1 Roll-In Shower with Seat

[1] As applied to public or private facilities that comply with ADAAG's transient lodging provisions, which are more stringent than the new (less stringent) requirements for dwelling units.

[2] As applied to public dwelling units that comply with UFAS, which is less stringent than the new (more stringent) requirements for dwelling units.

Source: The Austin Company in consultation with the Department and HDR.

Notes on Unit Descriptions for Play Areas:

Accessible play components:

Small playground:

Under New Construction:

· Low cost -- no cost

· Medium cost – cost to add one ground component

· High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a transfer system to a 24" deck

Under Alterations:

· Low cost -- no cost

· Medium cost – cost to add one ground component

· High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a transfer system to a 24" deck

Under Barrier Removal:

· Low cost – cost to add a transfer system to a 24" deck

· Medium cost – cost to add one ground component

· High cost – cost to add both transfer system and one ground component

Medium sized playground:

Under New Construction:

· Low cost -- no cost

· Medium cost – cost to add two ground components

· High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a transfer system to a 36" deck plus the cost of adding one additional ground component

Under Alterations:

· Low cost -- no cost

· Medium cost – cost to add two ground components

· High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a transfer system to a 36" deck plus the cost of adding one additional ground component

Under Barrier Removal:

· Low cost – cost to add a transfer system to a 36" deck

· Medium cost – cost to add two ground components

· High cost – cost to add both transfer system and two ground component

Large sized playground:

Under New Construction:

· Low cost -- no cost

· Medium cost – cost to add four ground components

· High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a ramp to a 12 or 16" platform from grade

Under Alterations:

· Low cost -- no cost

· Medium cost – cost to add four ground components

· High cost – incremental cost for substituting stairs/ladder on a composite play structure with a ramp to a 12 or 16" platform from grade

Under Barrier Removal:

· Low cost – cost to add four ground components

· Medium cost – cost to add a ramp

· High cost – cost to add both a ramp system and four ground components

Accessible routes to play components:

For small play area, sq ft to be covered:

New construction –308 (low, medium and high);

Alterations – low, 0; medium 70; high, 308,

Barrier removal 50, 70 or 120 (low, medium and high).

For medium play area, sq ft to be covered

New construction –710 (low, medium and high);

Alterations – low, 0; medium 140; high, 710;

Barrier removal 50, 140 or 190 (low, medium and high).

For large play area, sq ft to be covered

New construction –1,095 (low, medium and high);

Alterations – low, 0; medium, 280; high, 1,095;

Barrier removal 50, 280, or 330 (low, medium and high).

I. Operation and Maintenance Cost

These two tables present the Operation and Maintenance (O&M) costs. The first table lists general O&M costs by category or type of equipment. The second table applies these costs to specific elements in terms of the incremental O&M costs per element due to the requirements. Costs continue for 40 years.

Standard Operation and Maintenance (O&M) costs

Maintenance Type    Operating Cost Low-   Med-   High Explanation

Standard Maintenance

2%

3%

4%

Conforms to a standard commercial/ federal benchmark that maintenance costs represent 2-4% of initial cost

High Use Maintenance

2%

3%

5%

Addresses application (exterior/high use) as well as conforms to benchmark for grounds, hardscape and exterior equipment maintenance

Extraordinary Wear/Tear

3%

5%

7%

Addresses type of use and length of use (24/7). Also reflects higher costs arising from user population (students, prisoners – need for escorts, added security etc.).

Equipment Maintenance

4%

5%

6%

Addresses items with electronic control units, software-driven controllers, specialty use/applications which almost always require either specialty annual maintenance contracts or corrective service performed by skilled technicians. Both are contributors to higher maintenance costs.

Sources:

  1. Operational Guidelines for Grounds Management 2001 – Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers; National Recreation and Park Association; Professional Grounds Management Society
  2. Maintenance Staffing Guidelines for Educational Facilities 2002 – Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers
  3. Stewardship of Federal Facilities 1998 – National Research Council
  4. Investments in Federal Facilities 2004 -- National Research Council
  5. Benchmarks IV Research Report Number 25 2004 -- International Facility Management Association
  6. Facility Management Handbook 2nd Edition 1999 – David G. Cotts,
  7. Proprietary Corporate Facility Management Benchmarking Information

Incremental Operation and Maintenance Costs per Requirement

Interior/ Exterior ID Requirement Incremental Annual Cost of O&M (% of unit cost)       Low    -    Med   -   High
Ext

1

Public Entrances

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

2

Maneuvering Clearance or Standby Power for Automatic Doors

2.00%

3.00%

4.00%

Int/Ext

3

Automatic Door Break-Out Openings

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

4

Thresholds at Doorways

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

5

Door and Gate Surfaces

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Int/Ext

6

Location of Accessible Routes

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Int

7

Common Use Circulation Paths in Employee Work Areas

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Int

8

Accessible Means of Egress

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Int

9

Stairs (NC)

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Int

10

Stairs (ALT/BR)

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

11

Handrails Along Walkways

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

12

Handrails

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

13

Accessible Routes from Site Arrival Points and Within Sites

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

14

Standby Power for Platform Lifts

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

15

Power-Operated Doors for Platform Lifts

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Int/Ext

16

Alterations to Existing Elevators

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Int

17

Platform Lifts in Hotel Guest Rooms and Dwelling Units

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Int

18

"LULA" and Private Residence Elevators

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

19

Van Accessible Parking Spaces

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

20

Valet Parking Garages

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

21

Mechanical Access Parking Garages

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

22

Direct Access Entrances from Parking Structures

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

23

Passenger Loading Zones

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

24

Parking Spaces

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

25

Parking Spaces (Signs)

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

26

Passenger Loading Zones at Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Int

27

Ambulatory Accessible Toilet Compartments

4.00%

5.00%

6.00%

Int

28

Water Closet Clearance in Single-User Toilet Rooms

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

29

Shower Spray Controls

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

30

Urinals

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

31

Multiple Single-User Toilet Rooms

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

32

Toilet Room Doors

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

33

Water Closet Location and Rear Grab Bar

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

34

Patient Toilet Rooms

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

35

Drinking Fountains

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

36

Sinks

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

37

Side Reach

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

38

Sales and Service Counters (NC)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

39

Sales and Service Counters (Alt)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

40

Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (technical)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

41

Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (Scoping)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

42

Self-Service Storage Facility Spaces

2.00%

3.00%

4.00%

Int/Ext

43

Limited Access Spaces and Machinery Spaces

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

44

Operable Parts

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

45

Bathrooms in Accessible Guest Rooms (vanities and water closet clearances)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

46

Operable Windows

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

47

Dwelling Units with Communication Features [1991]1

4.00%

5.00%

6.00%

Ext

48

Dwelling Units with Communication Features [UFAS]2

4.00%

5.00%

6.00%

Int

49

Galley Kitchen Clearances

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

50

Shower Compartments with Mobility Features

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

51

Location of Accessible Route to Stages

2.00%

3.00%

4.00%

Int

52

Wheelchair Space Overlap in Assembly Areas

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

53

Lawn Seating in Assembly Areas

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Int

54

Handrails on Aisle Ramps in Assembly Areas

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

55

Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

56

Accessible Route to Tiered Dining Areas in Sports Facilities (NC)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

57

Accessible Route to Press Boxes

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

58

Public TTYS

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

59

Public Telephone Volume Controls

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

60

Two-Way Communication Systems at entrances

4.00%

5.00%

6.00%

Ext

61

ATMs and Fare Machines

4.00%

5.00%

6.00%

Int/Ext

62

Assistive Listening Systems (technical)

4.00%

5.00%

6.00%

Int/Ext

63

Visible Alarms in Alterations to Existing Facilities

4.00%

5.00%

6.00%

Int/Ext

64

Detectable Warnings (scoping)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

65

Detectable Warnings (technical)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

66

Assistive Listening Systems (scoping)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

67

Accessible Courtroom Stations

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

68

Accessible Attorney Areas and Witness Stands

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

69

Raised Courtroom Stations Not for Members of the Public

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

70

Accessible Route to Exercise Machines and Equipment

2.00%

3.00%

4.00%

Int

71

Accessible Exercise Machines and Equipment

2.00%

3.00%

4.00%

Int

72

Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (NC)

2.00%

3.00%

4.00%

Int

73

Accessible Lockers

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

74

Accessible Dressing Rooms, Fitting Rooms, or Locker Rooms

2.00%

3.00%

4.00%

Int

75

Wheelchair Spaces in Team or Player Seating Areas

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

76

Accessible Route in Court Sport Facilities

2.00%

3.00%

4.00%

Int

77

Accessible Route to Bowling Lanes

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

78

Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

79

Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (NC/ALT)

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

80

Accessible Means of Entry to Wading Pools

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

81

Accessible Means of Entry to Spas

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

82

Accessible Route to Boating Facilities

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

83

Accessible Boarding Piers (NC)

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

84

Accessible Boarding Piers (ALT/BR)

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

85

Accessible Boat Slips (NC)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

86

Accessible Boat Slips (Alt/BR)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

87

Accessible Route to Fishing Piers

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

88

Accessible Fishing Piers and Platforms

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

89

Accessible Route to golf courses

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

90

Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Weather Shelters at Golf Courses (ALT/BR)

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

91

Accessible Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Weather Shelters at Golf Courses  (NC)

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

Ext

92

Accessible Practice Grounds (Teeing Grounds, Putting Greens, and Teeing Stations) at Driving Ranges

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

93

Accessible Route to Holes (mini golf)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

94

Accessible Holes (mini golf)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

95

Accessible Route to Amusement Rides

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

96

Wheelchair Space, Transfer Seat or Transfer Device of Amusement Ride

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

97

Maneuvering Space in Load and Unload Area of Amusement Ride

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

98

Signs at Amusement Rides

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

99

Accessible Route to Play Components (BR)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

100

Accessible Play Components (BR)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

101

Accessible Route to Play Components (ALT)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

102

Accessible Play Components (ALT)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

103

Accessible Route to Play Components (NC)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

104

Accessible Play Components (NC)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int/Ext

106

Post Secondary School Multi-Story Dorm Facility

3.00%

5.00%

7.00%

Int

107

Mobility Accessible Prison Cell

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

108

Communication Accessible Prison Cell

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

109

Social Service Establishments – Elevator Access (NC)

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Ext

110

Social Service Establishments – Clear Floor Space around Beds

0.00%

0.00%

0.00%

Int

111

Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (ALT/BR)

2.00%

3.00%

4.00%

Ext

112

Primary Accessible Means of Entry to Pools (BR)

2.00%

3.00%

5.00%

[1] As applied to public or private facilities that comply with ADAAG's transient lodging provisions, which are more stringent than the new (less stringent) requirements for dwelling units.

[2] As applied to public dwelling units that comply with UFAS, which is less stringent than the new (more stringent) requirements for dwelling units.

Source: Prepared by McKnight Associates using above-noted documents, and adjusted for selected requirements as follows: 1) zero O&M costs were assigned to those requirements which would not have any incremental O&M costs (above table); 2) O&M costs for requirements #2 (Maneuvering Clearance or Standby Power for Automatic Doors), #15 (Power-Operated Doors for Platform Lifts), #16 (Alterations to Existing Elevators), and #17 (Platform Lifts in Hotel Guest Rooms and Dwelling Units) were decreased slightly to reflect only the incremental costs of adjustments to existing elements; and 3) the O&M costs for #27, (Ambulatory Accessible Toilet Compartments) was increased slightly to reflect unit maintenance of added elements.

J. Facility Space Cost

This chart lists those facilities in which it was determined that the requirements which have a change in productive space that would directly impact sales/revenue. Space values for non-office facilities are calculated using construction cost per sq. ft. for facility scaled by the ratio of income per SF of office space to construction cost per SF of office space. The 2005 Construction Cost per square foot estimates from RS Means are escalated to 2009 estimates using the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' Producer Price Index for New Construction. Only facilities that list a space cost proxy are assumed to have sales revenue impacted by a change in productive space brought about by the requirements. The space costs per facility listed here are the assumed most likely costs, the high and low costs are plus and minus 20 percent of the most likely costs.

Note that for the Valet Parking requirement (Req. # 20), approximately one-fifth of the space cost proxy is used, since the space cost proxy represents the value of space inside the related facility, rather than the value of parking spaces.

Facility Group Construction Cost per sq ft (2005) Space cost proxy

Restaurants

$159.95

$26.90

Motion Picture House

$112.70

$18.96

Theatre / Concert Hall

$125.10

$21.04

Stadiums

$125.10

$21.04

Auditoriums

$125.10

$21.04

Single Level Stores

$83.70

$14.08

Multi-level stores

$99.40

$16.72

Indoor Service Establishments

$87.30

$14.68

Source: Calculated using RSMeans Square Foot Costs, 2005 and The Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA) 2006 Experience Exchange Report: U.S. Office Market Highlights.

K. Changes in Productive Space Per Requirement

This table shows the amount of space (sq ft) that is an incremental change brought about by these requirements. Changes in productive space are included only if the change is likely to have a direct impact on sales/revenues. Other requirements not listed here are assumed to have zero impact on productive space.

# Requirement Space BR/Alt Space NC
Low Med High Low Med High
2

Maneuvering Clearance or Standby Power for Automatic Doors

37.5

62.5

88

30

50

70

19

Van Accessible Parking Spaces

125

126

127

99

100

101

20

Valet Parking Garages

187.5

250

312.5

150

200

250

27

Ambulatory Accessible Toilet Compartments

25

37.5

50

20

30

40

28

Water Closet Clearance in Single-User Toilet Rooms with Out-Swinging Doors[4]

4.6

6.4

14.5

0.00

-0.60

-1.25

30

Urinals

0

0

0

-10

-15

-20

31

Multiple Single-User Toilet Rooms

0

0

0

0

-5

-10

32

Water Closet Clearance in Single-User Toilet Rooms with In-Swinging Doors

2.5

6.7

17

1.5

2.25

3

38

Sales and Service Counters (NC)

0

0

0

-0.5

-1

-1.5

39

Sales and Service Counters (Alt)

-1

-2

-3

0

0

0

42

Self-Service Storage Facility Spaces

125

187.5

250

100

150

200

45

Bathrooms in Accessible Guest Rooms (vanities with water closet clearances)

0

0

8.125

0

0

0

49

Galley Kitchen Clearances

0

0

0

200

250

300

52

Wheelchair Space Overlap in Assembly Areas

12.5

37.5

62.5

0

0

0

53

Lawn Seating in Assembly Areas

50

75

100

40

60

80

55

Wheelchair Spaces in Assembly Areas

0

0

0

-10

-30

-50

56

Accessible Route to Tiered Dining Areas in Sports Facilities (NC)

0

0

0

-100

-150

-200

57

Accessible Route to Press Boxes

-125

-375

-875

-100

-300

-700

72

Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (NC)

0

0

0

30

50

70

73

Accessible Lockers

6.25

12.5

18.8

5

10

15

74

Accessible Dressing Rooms, Fitting Rooms, or Locker Rooms

12.5

25

37.5

10

20

30

76

Accessible Route in Court Sport Facilities

25

37.5

50

20

30

40

77

Accessible Route to Bowling Lanes

12.5

18.75

25

10

15

20

78

Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions

12.5

18.75

25

0

0

0

85

Accessible Boat Slips (NC)

0

0

0

10

15

20

86

Accessible Boat Slips (Alt/BR)

12.5

18.75

25

0

0

0

94

Accessible Mini Golf Holes

12.5

18.75

25

10

15

20

111

Accessible Saunas and Steam Rooms (Alt/BR)

37.5

62.5

88

0

0

0

L. Years Before Replacement

Most elements should last for the life of the building (which is assumed to be 40 years). Those that do not are noted below. It is assumed that the replacement costs for these elements are 100 percent of the alterations costs. For the requirements which are assumed to be replaced more than every 40 years, the most likely year before replacement value is shown below. The high and low values are assumed to be plus and minus 10 percent of the most likely value.

# Requirement Years Before Replacement
14

Standby Power for Platform Lifts

4

15

Power-Operated Doors for Platform Lifts

4

17

Platform Lifts in Hotel Guest Rooms and Dwelling Units

4

60

Two-Way Communication Systems at entrances

4

108

Communication Accessible Prison Cell

4

16

Alterations to Existing Elevators

10

18

"LULA" and Private Residence Elevators

10

40

Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (technical)

10

41

Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers (Scoping)

10

58

Public TTYS

10

59

Public Telephone Volume Controls

10

62

Assistive Listening Systems (technical)

10

79

Accessible Means of Entry to Pools

10

81

Accessible Means of Entry to Spas

10

99, 101, 103

Accessible Routes to Play Components

20

100, 102, 104

Accessible Play Components

20

Source: HDR and The Austin Company.

M. Transaction Costs

In response to public comments, this Final RIA includes a stress test that assesses the relative impact (per facility group) of including a cost element that monetizes estimated indirect costs for facility owners or operators to read the Final Rules or technical assistance materials in order to determine whether there are elements at their respective existing facilities that are subject to change under one or more supplemental requirements.  This indirect cost is analyzed in the sensitivity analysis, Section 6.3.  The value of time of a facility owner is measured by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' average hourly wage for a management occupation. In May 2008, this was found to be $48.23.

N. Example of Cost Estimation

This section presents individual calculations of the costs resulting from the Final Rules implementation at indoor service establishments. The results presented here may not match those in the Final RIA due to rounding.

According to the 2007 Economic Census, there are 3.8 million indoor service establishments.

The following eight requirements are assumed to be present in a typical indoor service establishment and will require a change to become compliant.

Req ID Requirement
5

Door and Gate Surfaces

28

Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - out swinging door

30

Urinals

37

Side Reach

38

Sales and Service Counters (NC)

39

Sales and Service Counters (Alt)

61

ATMs and Fare Machines

64

Detectable Warnings (scoping)

Costs are calculated for barrier removal, alterations and new construction each as described above:

Costijkl = [# of facilitiesij]•[# of elements per facilityik] • [likelihood of a requirement at facility ik] • [unit cost per elementjkl]

Where the subscripts are defined as:

i denotes the facility;

j denotes the type of construction;

k denotes the type of requirement; and

l denotes the category of cost (capital, O&M, productive space, or replacement).

The components of this equation are listed below.

 

Req ID Requirement Unit Cost Per Element  (Expected Value) Number of Elements Per Facility Likelihood of Req
BR Alt NC
5

Door and Gate Surfaces

$0

$0

$310

1

25%

28

Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - out swinging door

$3,502

$3,108

$129

2

35%

30

Urinals

$0

$0

$0

1

50%

37

Side Reach

$371

$362

$0

6

35%

38

Sales and Service Counters (NC)

$0

$0

($207)

1

30%

39

Sales and Service Counters (Alt)

$0

($207)

$0

1

30%

61

ATMs and Fare Machines

$2,070

$2,070

$2,070

1

3%

64

Detectable Warnings (scoping)

$0

($258)

($258)

1

88%

Note: Negative costs are cost savings.

For the first requirement listed, Door and Gate Surfaces, for indoor service establishments, the equation is as follows:

Total Capital Cost = [(3.8 million indoor service establishments • 1 Element per Facility • 25% Likelihood of Occurrence • $0 BR Costs • 50% of elements being readily achievable)] • 0 Safe Harbor Factor + (3.8 million • 1 • 25% • $0 Alt Costs • 2% of existing buildings being altered) + (3.8 million • 1 • 25% • $310 NC Costs • 0.2% of existing buildings are newly constructed) = Total Capital Cost = $0.59 million

Repeating this calculation for the other seven requirements at indoor service establishments yields $170 million in capital costs. Although some requirements have a BR cost for compliance at indoor service establishments, in the primary baseline scenario safe harbor is assumed and these costs are dropped out.

Req ID Requirement Capital Costs (millions) Total (millions)
BR Alt NC
5

Door and Gate Surfaces

$0

$0

$1

$1

28

Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - out swinging door

$0

$163

$0.2

$163

30

Urinals

$0

$0

$0

$0

37

Side Reach

$0

$59

$0

$59

38

Sales and Service Counters (NC)

$0

$0

($0.1)

($0.1)

39

Sales and Service Counters (Alt)

$0

($5)

$0

($5)

61

ATMs and Fare Machines

$0

$5

$0.1

$5

64

Detectable Warnings (scoping)

$0

($18)

($0.4)

($18)

Total

$204

Note: Negative costs are cost savings.

The next costs to consider in the total cost estimate for these eight requirements are the recurring costs, O&M and loss of productive space. O&M costs, as described above, are commonly expressed as a percentage of the capital construction costs and are applied to each type of construction cost. These annual O&M costs are estimated by multiplying the O&M percentage of capital costs by each type of total capital construction cost.

Req ID Requirement O&M O&M (millions)
BR Alt NC
5

Door and Gate Surfaces

3%

$0

$0

$0.01

28

Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - out swinging door

0%

$0

$0

$0

30

Urinals

0%

$0

$0

$0

37

Side Reach

0%

$0

$0

$0

38

Sales and Service Counters (NC)

0%

$0

$0

$0

39

Sales and Service Counters (Alt)

0%

$0

$0

$0

61

ATMs and Fare Machines

5%

$0

$0.2

$0.02

64

Detectable Warnings (scoping)

0%

$0

$0

$0

Total

$0

$0.2

$0.03

The other recurring cost to facilities is the loss of productive space. The value of space for indoor service establishments is assumed to be $18 per square foot (sf). Each element is assumed to either impact the productive space of all facilities or not. For indoor service establishments, the water closet clearance in single user toilet rooms – out swinging doors is assumed to take away, on average, 6.4 square feet in barrier removal and alterations. In new construction, this requirement can save 0.6 square feet of productive space. The cost of lost productive space is calculated by multiplying the estimated space impact per requirement times the number of elements in each facility times the likelihood of a requirement at the facility times the number of facilities.

Req ID Requirement Space Impacts (sf) Cost of Lost Productive Space (millions)
BR Alt NC
5

Door and Gate Surfaces

0

0

0

$0

28

Water closet clearance in single-user toilet rooms - out swinging door

6.4

6.4

-0.6

$484

30

Urinals

0

0

-15

($425)

37

Side Reach

0

0

0

$0

38

Sales and Service Counters (NC)

0

0

-1

($17)

39

Sales and Service Counters (Alt)

-2

-2

0

($68)

61

ATMs and Fare Machines

0

0

0

$0

64

Detectable Warnings (scoping)

0

0

0

$0

Total

($26)

Note: Negative costs are cost savings.

All of the elements facing construction costs at indoor service establishments are assumed to not need replacing during the 40 year lifecycle of a building.

The annual total cost for all indoor service establishments is the sum of total construction costs, total space costs, and total O&M costs.

Annual Total Cost = Construction costs + Space costs + O&M costs + Replacement Costs = $170 million Construction + -$22 million Space + $0.2 million O&M + $0 Replacement = $148 million

The present value of total annual costs for indoor service establishments over the 40 year planning period is $2.2 B. The net present value of costs and benefits for indoor service establishments is $1.8 B.

[1] Consistent with the Access Board's regulatory analysis, play areas in this analysis have been modeled based on the following characteristics: "small" play areas are assumed to be located predominately at smaller facilities (i.e., child care centers, restaurants, motels, shopping malls) and to have approximately 8 play components; "medium" play areas are assumed to be located predominately at elementary schools and to have approximately 14 play components; and "large" play areas are assumed to be located predominately at parks and other large entertainment facilities (i.e., zoos or amusement parks) and to have approximately 28 play components. Accessible routes have been calculated to correspond to these respective play area sizes.

[2] In altered public housing facilities, the requirement only applies if the alteration is to a unit required to be accessible, and only when either a bathroom or a kitchen is substantially altered and at least one other room is also altered, or when the building has more than 15 units and has been vacated for purposes of alterations.

[3] Section 255 of the Telecommunications Act of 1998 and Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.

[4] The Department is publishing figures which illustrate and compare two different layouts for single-user toilet rooms with out-swinging doors. The first presents a layout typically used in new construction; this layout does not comply with 2004 ADAAG water closet clearance requirements. The second is the Department's presentation of a layout that complies with the 2004 ADAAG requirement for increased water closet clearance, but also uses less overall floor space. The Department expects that the publication of these illustrations together with technical assistance materials will result in many new facilities using the second layout and its reduced space costs. Thus, this requirement is costed with savings in productive space for NC but costs in productive space in ALT and BR on the understanding that a change to such a layout (requiring moving walls) is not be financially feasible in ALT or BR.

 

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March 9, 2011

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