Appendix 5: Small Business Data

This appendix presents the data used to estimate the number of facilities owned or operated by small entities (i.e., small businesses, small nonprofit organizations, and small governmental jurisdictions) and total sales receipts included in the cost estimation and cost impact analysis.

A few notes with respect to the methodology and sources used to collect data concerning small businesses and small governmental jurisdictions. First, the total number of small entities that would be impacted by the Final Rules is determined using the U.S. Small Business Administration's (SBA) definition of a small entity. This definition, in turn, is generally based on either a threshold amount of total receipts or number of employees. The SBA's small business definition for each facility group is shown in the table below.

Second, for several facility types, SBA data on establishments and receipts was not at the same level of detail (i.e., NAICS level) as data found in the 2002 U.S. Economic Census. For these facilities, data from the Economic Census was allocated between small and "typical" (i.e., non-small) businesses based upon the ratio of small to typical establishments in the most similar category. The affected facility types are: shopping malls (88% of establishments assumed to be small entity facilities based on the proportion of small entities in NAICS 531120 – "Lessors of Nonresidential Buildings (except mini-warehouses)"); amusement parks (80% of establishments assumed to be small entity facilities based on the proportion of small entities in NAICS 71311 – "Amusement and Theme Parks"); and, recreational boating facilities and shooting facilities (96% of each establishment assumed to be small entity facility based on the proportion of small entities in NAICS 713990 – "All Other Amusement and Recreational Industries").

Third, sales for small businesses are derived from SBA's estimated receipts of small businesses. SBA states that its publicly-available receipts data includes total sales plus cost of goods sold, which is assumed to be twice the total sales as reported by the U.S. Economic Census.

Facility Type 2-digit NAICS NAICS Code NAICS Description SBA Definition. of small firms Definition in Use
Inn / Hotel / Motel

72

721

Accommodation

$6.5

$6.5

Restaurant / Bar

72

722

Food Services and Drinking Places

$6.5 / $19.0

$6.5

Motion Picture House

51

51213

Motion Picture Theater

$6.5

$6.5

Theatre / Concert Hall

71

7111

Performing Arts Companies

$6.5

$6.5

Stadium

71

7112

Spectator Sports

$6.5

$6.5

Auditorium

71

71131

Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events with Facilities

$6.5

$6.5

Convention Center

56

56192

Convention and trade show organizers

$6.5

$6.5

Bakery / Grocery Store

44-45 1

445

Food and Beverage Stores

$6.50 / $25.0

$6.5

Clothing Store

44-45

448

Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores

$6.50 / $8.0

$6.5

Hardware Store

44-45

444

Building Material and Garden Equipment and Supplies Dealers

$6.5

$6.5

Other Sales or rental establishments

44-45

44-45

44-45

44-45

44-45

44-45

441

442

443

451

452

453

Motor vehicle & parts dealers

Furniture & home furnishings stores

Electronics & appliance stores

Sporting goods, hobby and music stores

General merchandise stores

Miscellaneous store retailers

$6.5 / $9.0 / $21.0 / $26.5

$6.5

$6.50 / $8.0

$6.5

$10.5 / $25.0

$6.5 / $12.0

$6.5

$6.5

$8.0

$6.5

$25.0

$6.5

Shopping Center

53

5311203

Lessors of shopping centers & retail stores

$6.5

$6.5

Laundromat, Funeral Parlor, Beauty/Barber Shop, Etc

81

812

Personal and Laundry Services

$4.5 / $6.5 / $13.0

$6.5

Pharmacy

44

446

Health and Personal Care Stores

$6.5

$6.5

Banks / Insurance

52

522,523,

524,525

Finance and Insurance

$6.5

$6.5

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

54

54

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

$6.5

$6.5

Self Storage

53

53113

Lessors of miniwarehouses & self-storage units

$23.5

$23.5

Travel Services

56

5615

Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services

$6.5

$6.5

Gas Stations

44-45

447

Gasoline Stations

$8.0 / $25

$16.5

Terminal, depot, or other station used for public transportation

48-49

48-49

48-49

4851

4852

481

Urban transit systems

Interurban & rural bus transportation

Air transportation

$6.5

$6.5

$6.5 / $25.5

$6.5

$6.5

$25.5

Professional Offices of healthcare providers

62

621

Ambulatory health care services

$6.5 / $9.0 / $12.5 / $31.5 2

$6.5

Hospitals

62

622

Hospitals

31.5 2

$31.5

Nursing and Residential Facilities

62

623

Nursing and Residential Care Facilities

$6.5 / $9.0 / $12.5

$6.5

Museums, historical sites, & similar institutions

71

71211, 71212

Museums

$6.5

$6.5

Park / Zoo

71

71

71213

71219

Zoos and Botanical Gardens

Nature parks & similar institutions

$6.5

$6.5

$6.5

$6.5

Amusement Park

71

7131

Amusement Parks

$6.5

$6.5

Food Bank

Adoption Agency

Other social service establishments

62

62

62

62

62421

6241

62423

6243

Community Food Services

Individual and family services

Emergency and other relief services

Vocational rehabilitation services

$6.5

$6.5

$6.5

$6.5

$6.5

$6.5

$6.5

$6.5

Homeless Shelter

62

62422

Community Housing Services

$6.5

$6.5

Fitness & Recreational Sports Ctrs

71

71394

Fitness and Recreational Sports Centers

$6.5

$6.5

Aquatic Centers / Swimming Pools

61

61162

Sports and recreational instruction

$6.5

$6.5

Bowling Alley

71

71395

Bowling Centers

$6.5

$6.5

Golf Course

71

71391

Golf Courses and Country Clubs

$6.5

$6.5

Recreational Boating Facility

71

71393

Marinas

$6.5

$6.5

Fishing Pier or Platform

71

7139908

All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries

$6.5

$6.5

Miniature Golf Course

71

7139904

All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries

$6.5

$6.5

Shooting Facility

71

7139908

All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries

$6.5

$6.5

Nursery Schools/Day Care

62

6244

Child Day Care Services

$6.5

$6.5

Private Schools

NA

NA

NA

50000 3

50000 3

Under and post graduate private schools

NA

NA

NA

50,000

50,000

The following table shows the breakdown, in order of NAICS codes, of the small business receipts and establishment data, provided by the SBA. The last column shows the total receipts and establishments used in the cost impact analysis.


NAICS Title NAICS Type of Data (Receipts in thousands) Total Size of Receipts Total for small business
0-99,999 100,000-499,999 500,000-999,999 1,000,000-4,999,999 5,000,000-9,999,999
Motor vehicle & parts dealers

441

Establishments

 126,644

         7,766

          26,193

          16,166

                27,161

                7,363

 79,495

441

Est. Receipts

 813,208,907

      407,673

      7,259,315

   11,458,193

          54,264,797

        42,839,532

 86,241,838

Furniture & home furnishings stores

442

Establishments

 66,360

         6,492

          18,777

          10,014

                14,369

                2,474

 50,394

442

Est. Receipts

 97,073,126

      335,480

      5,069,979

     7,013,695

          24,527,599

          8,458,417

 39,484,278

Electronics & appliance stores

443

Establishments

 49,600

         6,373

          14,643

           5,689

                  7,678

                1,286

 34,769

443

Est. Receipts

 92,280,756

      322,761

      3,730,748

     3,880,510

          12,313,503

          4,688,825

 21,654,170

Building material & garden equipment & supplies dealers

444

Establishments

 94,109

         6,742

          22,194

          13,113

                21,798

                5,102

 65,378

444

Est. Receipts

 288,435,295

      353,101

      6,085,235

     9,273,310

          42,417,169

        22,759,014

 64,956,519

Food & beverage stores

445

Establishments

 155,677

        15,526

          49,031

          24,932

                26,257

                3,938

 116,927

445

Est. Receipts

 464,412,506

      805,473

    13,305,852

   17,471,788

          48,368,465

        19,728,358

 85,870,085

Health & personal care stores

446

Establishments

 82,574

         5,164

          14,066

           6,675

                16,634

                2,764

 43,368

446

Est. Receipts

 186,448,806

      263,134

      3,690,676

     4,513,837

          32,950,470

        11,099,483

 44,747,962

Gasoline stations

447

Establishments

 117,100

         3,853

          15,391

          12,491

                28,894

                5,001

 62,129

447

Est. Receipts

 238,083,074

      213,599

      4,393,751

     9,038,572

          58,256,322

        16,430,038

 185,510,435

Clothing & clothing accessories stores

448

Establishments

 151,895

        13,232

          34,079

          11,899

                11,761

                2,362

 71,680

448

Est. Receipts

 170,396,483

      681,564

      8,693,993

     7,917,681

          16,313,373

          5,116,931

 35,141,690

Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores

451

Establishments

 65,933

         8,477

          21,040

           7,590

                  7,928

                1,481

 45,479

451

Est. Receipts

 76,687,429

      446,193

      5,372,053

     5,091,156

          11,295,064

          3,679,732

 23,308,386

General merchandise stores

452

Establishments

 41,069

         1,899

            4,432

           1,624

                  1,638

                   319

 9,689

452

Est. Receipts

 444,604,851

      101,330

      1,140,476

     1,101,247

           2,516,475

             942,062

 5,142,147

Miscellaneous store retailers

453

Establishments

 129,997

        24,891

          52,412

          14,473

                15,367

                3,043

 108,056

453

Est. Receipts

 97,907,211

   1,288,868

    12,705,316

     9,458,743

          21,226,399

          6,713,593

 46,693,404

Motion picture & video exhibition

51213

Establishments

 5,198

            389

               921

              372

                    544

                   138

 2,267

51213

Est. Receipts

 11,007,327

        21,127

         226,583

        241,182

              707,108

             321,590

 1,292,477

Credit intermediation & related activities

522

Establishments

 196,160

        10,497

          20,199

           8,054

                17,939

                9,473

 59,531

522

Est. Receipts

 1,030,210,082

      505,785

      5,043,240

     5,407,463

          27,232,630

        23,082,259

 45,113,796

Securities intermediation & related activities

523

Establishments

 81,690

        14,067

          18,945

           5,435

                  6,725

                1,564

 45,641

523

Est. Receipts

 367,487,329

      624,107

      4,498,824

     3,716,491

          12,640,934

          7,781,713

 23,814,870

Insurance carriers & related activities

524

Establishments

 168,976

        29,976

          71,273

          14,501

                13,553

                2,678

 130,106

524

Est. Receipts

 1,312,063,818

   1,582,793

    17,200,781

     9,460,056

          21,613,065

          9,696,104

 52,765,526

Funds, trusts, & other financial vehicles (part)

525

Establishments

 3,538

            759

               835

              279

                    343

                     81

 2,240

525

Est. Receipts

 23,281,761

        30,557

         204,072

        193,122

              693,655

             484,592

 1,266,784

Lessors of miniwarehouses & self storage units

53113

Establishments

 9,739

         1,440

            3,745

              962

                    636

                   204

 7,048

53113

Est. Receipts

 4,101,315

        79,068

         950,980

        632,977

              683,268

             184,646

 5,211,612

Professional, scientific, & technical services

54

Establishments

 772,365

      196,610

         319,140

          88,813

                91,630

              15,226

 700,761

54

Est. Receipts

 944,065,638

   9,668,104

    76,171,380

   61,412,207

        167,270,690

        70,479,149

 335,666,126

Travel arrangement & reservation services

5615

Establishments

 27,587

         7,693

            8,567

           1,852

                  2,324

                   681

 20,640

5615

Est. Receipts

 24,628,213

      362,628

      1,948,839

     1,153,294

           3,042,782

          1,614,595

 6,991,922

Elementary & secondary schools

61111

Establishments

 20,894

         2,731

            4,305

           2,858

                  6,844

                1,707

 17,250

61111

Est. Receipts

 41,859,655

      115,716

      1,153,553

     2,072,266

          14,154,329

          8,441,660

 20,028,362

Sports & recreation instruction

61162

Establishments

 8,940

         3,546

            4,057

              705

                    459

                     61

 8,785

61162

Est. Receipts

 2,451,169

      168,756

         929,788

        465,070

              560,875

             156,402

 2,171,410

Ambulatory health care services

621

Establishments

 487,747

        56,688

         194,584

          96,423

                78,465

              13,012

 430,064

621

Est. Receipts

 505,690,644

   2,850,904

    54,362,647

   66,075,911

        126,820,368

        42,723,078

 262,926,753

Hospitals

622

Establishments

 7,569

            184

               194

              126

                    501

                   548

 1,169

622

Est. Receipts

 499,145,896

 (D)

 (D)

          89,891

           1,404,495

          3,728,055

 2,612,803

Nursing & residential care facilities

623

Establishments

 67,900

         5,497

            9,760

           3,730

                12,978

                7,439

 34,197

623

Est. Receipts

 126,267,746

 (D)

 (D)

     2,467,333

          19,343,333

        17,773,345

 27,142,670

Nursing care facilities

6231

Establishments

 16,779

            689

               926

              477

                  3,588

                1,842

 6,233

6231

Est. Receipts

 74,576,571

        28,759

         234,544

        335,271

           9,320,907

        10,809,639

 13,162,373

Individual & family services

6241

Establishments

 50,695

        10,250

          12,305

           4,139

                  9,411

                4,622

 37,492

6241

Est. Receipts

 44,933,294

      490,202

      2,938,310

     2,748,163

          10,757,141

          6,616,605

 18,918,798

Community food services

62421

Establishments

 3,455

            793

               766

              290

                    916

                   267

 2,845

62421

Est. Receipts

 3,078,384

        39,952

         174,214

        173,778

              628,110

             345,217

 1,119,619

Community housing services

62422

Establishments

 6,085

            649

            1,736

              915

                  1,584

                   475

 5,027

62422

Est. Receipts

 5,214,353

        34,050

         481,037

        621,547

           1,980,653

             736,661

 3,338,285

Emergency & other relief services

62423

Establishments

 1,905

            377

               706

              242

                    295

                     92

 1,648

62423

Est. Receipts

 2,586,908

        19,750

         168,343

        164,894

              367,850

             198,990

 780,534

Vocational rehabilitation services

6243

Establishments

 8,451

            732

            1,404

              756

                  2,055

                1,018

 5,252

6243

Est. Receipts

 11,808,900

        34,425

         362,271

        495,128

           2,690,848

          1,702,585

 4,093,448

Child day care services

6244

Establishments

 69,733

        24,212

          23,455

           5,371

                  5,551

                2,293

 59,277

6244

Est. Receipts

 22,557,876

   1,095,397

      5,494,046

     3,281,011

           4,201,666

          1,540,782

 14,534,355

Performing arts companies

7111

Establishments

 9,366

         2,585

            3,824

           1,127

                  1,349

                   229

 8,954

7111

Est. Receipts

 10,830,898

      120,767

         932,101

        780,188

           2,695,697

          1,418,528

 4,954,311

Promoters of performing arts, sports, & similar events w/facility

71131

Establishments

 1,451

            292

               518

              192

                    235

                     43

 1,250

71131

Est. Receipts

 3,967,111

        13,741

         130,564

        135,231

              483,183

             251,925

 838,297

Museums

71211

Establishments

 4,464

         1,393

            1,509

              519

                    663

                   165

 4,134

71211

Est. Receipts

 5,920,808

        64,514

         360,622

        346,613

           1,237,041

             751,039

 2,234,102

Zoos & botanical gardens

71213

Establishments

 525

            105

               170

                67

                      92

                     33

 444

71213

Est. Receipts

 1,663,809

         5,100

          41,088

          49,893

              220,875

             192,808

 374,798

Nature parks & other similar institutions

71219

Establishments

 642

            155

               193

                56

                      97

                      8

 503

71219

Est. Receipts

 609,302

         7,971

          46,366

          38,272

              132,515

              51,067

 240,444

Amusement Parks & arcades

7131

Establishments

 2,992

            605

               949

              312

                    370

                     74

 2,258

7131

Est. Receipts

 9,304,040

        28,420

         232,334

        212,079

              627,105

             250,415

 1,175,063

Golf Courses & country clubs

71391

Establishments

 11,842

         1,172

            3,802

           2,041

                  3,333

                   588

 10,524

71391

Est. Receipts

 16,857,370

        59,780

      1,013,515

     1,463,985

           7,490,676

          3,251,420

 11,003,382

Skiing facilities

71392

Establishments

 379

              65

                 92

                42

                      91

                     24

 297

71392

Est. Receipts

 1,675,962

         3,183

          22,279

          30,117

              189,527

             151,183

 290,461

Fitness & recreational sports centers

71394

Establishments

 25,477

         8,141

            9,580

           2,632

                  2,583

                   446

 23,070

71394

Est. Receipts

 15,036,862

      378,961

      2,260,772

     1,790,104

           3,893,269

          1,196,127

 8,681,944

Bowling centers

71395

Establishments

 4,898

            642

            1,997

              933

                    746

                     29

 4,327

71395

Est. Receipts

 3,057,184

        33,240

         534,902

        646,066

           1,067,477

              81,516

 2,306,140

All other amusement & recreation industries

713990

Establishments

 13,718

         4,445

            5,715

           1,577

                  1,435

                   137

 13,213

713990

Est. Receipts

 6,865,068

      204,427

      1,381,035

     1,061,755

           2,252,081

             522,332

 5,055,998

Accommodation

721

Establishments

 61,795

         9,916

          22,344

           8,710

                  9,273

                1,581

 50,717

721

Est. Receipts

 122,505,607

      512,677

      5,576,909

     6,022,174

          15,491,407

          5,853,822

 29,359,314

Foodservices & drinking places

722

Establishments

 503,354

        89,149

         182,424

          58,372

                58,713

              13,102

 392,589

722

Est. Receipts

 324,210,635

   4,406,632

    45,255,183

   39,508,709

          78,411,546

        19,536,493

 173,443,018

Personal & laundry services

812

Establishments

 206,884

        71,104

          76,277

          14,840

                14,765

                3,216

 177,951

812

Est. Receipts

 75,128,325

   3,607,112

    16,636,642

     9,039,879

          14,856,973

          4,200,791

 45,400,843

Parking lots & garages

81293

Establishments

 11,775

            564

               973

              396

                    659

                   516

 2,747

81293

Est. Receipts

 6,687,864

        28,291

         238,297

        231,102

              636,560

             347,408

 1,238,472


The 2002 U.S. Census of Governments provides data on the expenditures of counties by population size. The percentage of the U.S. that lives in small governmental jurisdictions with a population of less than 50,000, which is found to be 16.3%, is applied to the total number of public entities to determine the number of facilities in these small jurisdictions. The total expenditures on these facilities are broken down by the size of the counties and are summed together for populations with less than 50,000 in the table below.

Number of facilities All Small Jurisdictions
Library

                  9,207

2,481

Public Schools

                91,680

26,224

Hospitals

                  1,130

305

Parks and recreation

              112,128

30,216

Office Buildings

                74,637

20,113

State and local government housing

                25,642

7,262

State and Local Judicial Facilities

                35,500

10,010

State and Local Detention Facilities

                35,500

10,010

State and Local Correctional Facilities

                  1,668

467

 

Total Expenditures (2007) Small Entities Total Entities
Library

$1,405,082,095

$6,148,633,444

Public Schools

$11,710,537,676

$83,081,322,479

Elementary[1]

$5,855,268,838

$41,540,661,240

Secondary[2]

$5,855,268,838

$41,540,661,240

Office Buildings

$2,184,300,562

$8,492,876,460

Hospitals

$7,660,665,599

$37,106,446,320

Parks and recreation

$6,106,679,451

$23,701,023,133

State and local government housing

$2,769,088,021

$14,362,680,986

State and Local Judicial Facilities

$2,317,573,048

$18,824,851,781

State and Local Detention Facilities

$935,081,220

$3,890,971,130

State and Local Correctional Facilities

$1,928,267,073

$20,732,488,279


[1] In the absence of breakdown in expenditure data for education, capital outlay funds are allocated equally to elementary and secondary facilities (since elementary schools in an area are likely to be greater in number but smaller in size than secondary schools).

[2] Ibid.

 

 

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