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How to File an Americans with Disabilities Act Complaint with the U.S. Department of Justice

OMB Control No. 1190-0009. Form Expiration Date: September 30, 2021

You can file an Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) complaint alleging disability discrimination against a State or local government or a public accommodation (private business including, for example, a restaurant, doctor's office, retail store, hotel, etc.). A complaint can be filed online using the link below, by mail, or by facsimile.

To file an ADA complaint online:

Americans with Disabilities Act Discrimination Online Complaint Form | (en Español)
Instructions for submitting attachments are on the form.

To file an ADA complaint by mail, send the completed ADA complaint form to:

US Department of Justice
950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Civil Rights Division
Disability Rights Section 1425 NYAV
Washington, D.C. 20530

To file an ADA complaint by facsimile, fax the completed ADA complaint form to: (202) 307-1197

Please keep a copy of your complaint and the original documents for your own records.

Common Questions About Filing a Complaint

    1. How can I file an ADA complaint with the Department of Justice?
    2. What information should my ADA complaint include?
    3. What accommodations may I request if I cannot prepare my own ADA complaint because of my disability?
    4. What happens after my complaint is received?
    5. How can I find out the status of my complaint?
    6. What happens if my complaint is referred for possible mediation?
    7. What happens if my complaint is opened for investigation?
    8. How will the information in my complaint be used?

1. How can I file an ADA complaint with the Department of Justice?

If you believe that you or another person has been discriminated against by an entity covered by the ADA, you may file a complaint with the Disability Rights Section (DRS) in the Department of Justice. You may submit your complaint online or by mail or facsimile. (Letters and packages sent to the DRS by U.S. Mail are delayed for security screening.) All new complaints are subject to processing and review.

2. What information should my ADA complaint include?

Provide the following information:

  1. Your full name, address, the telephone numbers where we can reach you during the day and evening, and the name of the party discriminated against (if known);
  2. The name and address of the business, organization, institution, or person that you believe has committed the discrimination;
  3. A brief description of the acts of discrimination, the dates they occurred, and the names of individuals involved;
  4. Other information you believe necessary to support your complaint, including copies (not originals) of relevant documents; and
  5. Information about how to communicate with you effectively. Please let us know if you want written communications in a specific format (e.g., large print, Braille, electronic documents) or require communications by video phone or TTY.

You may use the ADA online complaint form for any ADA complaint, but you are not required to do so.

3. What accommodations may I request if I cannot prepare my own ADA complaint because of my disability?

If you are unable to write because of your disability and are unable to submit a complaint online, by mail, or facsimile, the Department can assist you by scribing your complaint by phone or, for individuals who communicate by American Sign Language, by videophone.

Contact the ADA Information Line at 1-800-514-0301 (voice) or 1-800-514-0383 (TTY) to schedule an appointment.  Please be advised that it may take two weeks or more for Department staff to contact you. 

4. What happens after my complaint is received?

After the complaint is received and reviewed, we will inform you of our action, which may include:

  1. Contacting you for additional information or copies of relevant documents;
  2. Referring your complaint for possible resolution through the ADA Mediation Program;
  3. Referring your complaint to the United States Attorney's Office in your area for investigation;
  4. Referring your complaint to another federal agency with responsibility for the types of issues you have raised.
  5. Investigating your complaint; or
  6. Considering your complaint for possible litigation by the Department of Justice.

We cannot investigate or litigate every complaint. If we are unable to take any action on your complaint, we will send you a letter telling you this.

5. How can I find out the status of my complaint?

We review each complaint carefully. Because we receive a large volume of ADA complaints from people throughout the United States, our review can take up to three months. If you have not heard from us by the end of this three-month period, you can find out the status of your complaint by calling the ADA Information Line at 1-800-514-0301 (voice) or 1-800-514-0383 (TTY). A member of our staff will contact you to tell you if your complaint has been received and if it is still under consideration for possible action.

6. What happens if my complaint is referred for possible mediation?

The ADA Mediation Program is an important part of ADA compliance.  Using professional ADA-trained mediators throughout the United States, mediation is a confidential, voluntary way to resolve ADA complaints fairly and quickly.  Types of complaints most appropriate for this program include barrier removal, program accessibility, effective communication, and modification of policies, practices, and procedures.  If we determine that your complaint is appropriate for mediation, we will contact you and the entity you complained about to find out if you are both willing to participate in mediation. 

7. What happens if my complaint is opened for investigation?

If your complaint is opened for investigation, an investigator or attorney will be assigned and will contact you to obtain additional information.

During the investigation, the attorney or investigator will not necessarily make a determination about whether or not an ADA violation has occurred. If he or she believes there is a pattern or practice of discrimination or the complaint raises an issue of general public importance, DRS may attempt to negotiate a formal settlement of the matter, or may file a lawsuit in federal court on behalf of the Unites States. We do not act as an attorney for, or representative of, the complainant.

8. How will the information in my complaint be used?

This information collection is for the purpose of allowing the Department of Justice's Disability Rights Section (DRS) to engage in authorized civil rights compliance and enforcement activities. Providing the information is voluntary, except that failure to provide such information may result in DRS being unable to process your complaint. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. §§ 12131-12134, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U.S.C. § 794, authorize the solicitation of the information for this form. DRS will not disclose your name or other identifying information about you unless it is necessary for enforcement activities against an entity alleged to have violated federal law, required to be disclosed under the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. § 552, disclosure is permitted pursuant to the Privacy Act, or is otherwise required by law.

For other questions, call the ADA Information Line at 1-800-514-0301 (voice) or 1-800-514-0383. ADA Specialists are available to answer questions on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday from 9:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. (Eastern Time). On Thursday, the Information Line is staffed from 12:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. (Eastern Time).

Paperwork Reduction Act Statement

This request is in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. § 3507.  This information collection is for the purpose of allowing the Department of Justice’s Disability Rights Section (DRS) to engage in authorized civil rights compliance and enforcement activities. Providing the information is voluntary, except that failure to provide such information may result in DRS being unable to process your complaint. The estimated average burden associated with this collection is 45 minutes per response, depending on individual circumstances. Comments concerning the accuracy of this burden estimate and suggestions for reducing this burden may be sent to DRS by email at: DRS.PRA@crt.usdoj.gov.  An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

Privacy Act Statement

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. §§ 12131-12134, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U.S.C. § 794, authorize the solicitation of the information for this form.  Providing the information is voluntary, except that failure to provide such information may result in the Department of Justice’s Disability Rights Section (DRS) being unable to process your complaint. The principal purpose of collecting information from you is for DRS’s authorized civil rights compliance and enforcement activities. DRS will not disclose your name or other identifying information about you unless it is necessary for enforcement activities against an entity alleged to have violated federal law, required to be disclosed under the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. § 552, disclosure is permitted pursuant to the Privacy Act, or is otherwise required by law. The records that you provide to DRS may be disclosed in accordance with the provisions of the Privacy Act, including: to appropriate Federal, State, or local agencies; Members of Congress or staff; volunteer student workers within the Department of Justice so that they may perform their duties; the news media and the public pursuant to 28 C.F.R. § 50.2, unless it is determined that release of the specific information in the context of a particular case would constitute an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy; the National Archives and Records Administration and General Services Administration to perform records management inspection functions in accordance with their legal responsibilities, or; for other routine uses indicated in the JUSTICE/CRT-001 “Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records” system of records notice. To view the routine uses applicable to this system of records, please consult the system of records notice, as amended, at the following links:

68 Fed. Reg. 47610, 611 at https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2003-08-11/pdf/03-20342.pdf
70 Fed. Reg. 43904 at https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2005-07-29/pdf/05-14944.pdf
82 Fed. Reg. 24147 at https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-05-25/pdf/2017-10780.pdf